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blackwisdom
08-11-2006, 08:43 PM
What is to follow is the research of Chancellor Williams, a honored historian and Ancestor. In his book The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issue of a Race From 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D. he presents indebt insight on the full story of the glory and decline of the original inhabitants of the Earth. I submit the following with respect and honor for your knowledge and edification of how we (Afircans) once lived and prospered during our glorious past and as an example of how we will shine once again.

For those of you who are quick to shout "Black supremacy" please take a minute to read what I am putting forth and critically examine it instead of allowing emotions to easily take flight. He stated himself in his book that it was never an issue of race because humans can never be classified so easily. For all of you who know me none of my previous views have changed since last we've conversed over the net. After more intensive study on my own and through universities I've gained a greater vantage point on how to view the world. I ask anyone who is serious of gaining access to the truth to do the same. We will always impart facets of our culture and bias on our research and study but through thorough critical analysis and honest peer review we can gain more clarity and a more concise view on the world that we live in. Without further a du

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SOME POLITICAL THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES
OF ANCIENT AFRICAN CONSTITUTION LAW
AND
THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
OF THE AFRICAN PEOPLE



(Drawn from African Traditional Constitutional and Customary Laws. Different versions and modifications of the same laws occurred in different societies.)

I. The People are the first and final source of all power.

II. The right of the community of people are, and of right outht to be, superior to those of an individual, including Chiefs and Kings
(a) The Will of the People is the supreme law;
(b) Chiefs and Kings are under the law, not above it.

III. Kings, Chiefs and Elders are leaders, not rulers. They are the elected representatives of the people and the instruments for executing their will.

IV. Government and people are one and the same.

V. The family is recognized as the primary social, judicial, economic and political unity in the society; the family council may function as a court empowered to try all internal (non-serious) matters involved only members of the Extended Family Group.

VI. The Elder of each Extended Family or Clan is its chosen representative on the Council.

VII. Decisions in council are made by the Elders. The Chief or King must remain silent. Even when the Council’s decision is announced, it is through a Speaker (Linguist). Decrees of laws are issued in the same manner to assure that the voice of the Chief or King is the “voice of the people.” (This is an example of a provision that had wide variations.)

VIII. The land belongs to no one. It is God’s gift to mankind for use and as a sacred heritage, transmitted by our forefathers as a bond between the living and the dead, to be held in trust by each generation for the unborn who will follow, and thus to the last generation.

IX. Each family, therefore, has a right to land, free of charge, sufficient in acreage for its economic well-being; for the right to the opportunity and means to make a living is the right to live.
(a) The land, according, cannot be sold or given away.
(b) The land may be held for life and passed on to the family’s heirs, and so on forever.
(c) The Chief is the Custodian of all land, the principal duty being to assure fair distribution and actual use.

X. All moneys, gifts, taxes and other forms of donations to Chief or King still belong to the people for relief or aid to individuals in times of need.

XI. Every member of the state has the right of appeals from a lower to higher court. (In some states appeals could be taken even from the King’s Court to the “Mother of the Nation.”)
(a) The procedure was from the Chief’s Village Court to the District Court, to the Provincial Court, to the King’s Court.
(b) Such appeals were allowed in serious or major crimes only (those affecting the whole society).

XII. Fines for offenses against an individual went to the victim, not the court.
(a) Part of the money received from the loser was returned to him as an expression of goodwill and desire for renewal of friendship.
(b) Another part was given as a fee to the trial court as an appreciation of justice.

XIII. “Royalty” in African terms means Royal Worth, the highest in character, wisdom, sense of justice and courage.
(a) He who founded the nation by uniting many as one must be the real leader, guide and servant of his people.
(b) The people, in honor of the founder’s family (lineage) if the heirs meet the original test that reflected the Founder’s character, whose spirit was supposed to be inherited.

XIV. The trouble of one is the trouble of all. No one may go in want while others have anything to give. All are brothers and sisters. Each is his “brothers’ or sisters’ keeper.”

XV. Age grades, sets, and classes are social, economic, political and military systems for 1) basic and advanced traditional education (formal) training; 2) individual and group responsibility roles; (3) police and military training; (4) division of labor; (5) rites of passage and social activities. In chiefless societies the age grades are the organs of social, economic and political action.

XVI. Bride Price or Bride Wealth is the gift that signifies mutual acceptance on the part of both families and is intended as a family security bond which may be returned in part if the wife turns out to be worthless or utterly unsatisfactory. (Bride Wealth tended to stabilize the institution of marriage. This was not “wife-buying.”

XVII. The community as a whole is conceived of as One Party, opposition being conducted by leaders of various factions.
1) Factions of opposition are usually formed by the different age groups.
2) Debates may go on indefinitely or until a consensus is reached.
3) Once a consensus is reached, and the community’s will determined, all open opposition to the common will must cease.
4) Those whose opposition is so serious that they are unwilling to accept the new law may “splinter off” either individually or groups under a leader (to form a new state or the nucleus for it).

XVIII. In warfare the object is not to kill the enemy but to overcome him with fear, if possible, such as screaming was cries, loud noise, hideous masked faces, etc. Where killing is unavailable it must be kept at a minimum. In case of defeat there must be some kind of ruse to enable the enemy to retire in honor.

XIX. The African religion, not being a creed or “articles of faith,” but an actual way of thinking and living, is reflected in all institutions and is, therefore, of the greatest constitutional significance.
1) Politically, the role of the Chief as High Priest who presents the prayers of the people to his and their ancestors in Heaven, is the real source of his influence, political or otherwise.
2) Socially, the “rites of passage,” songs, and the dances (to drive away evil, etc.), as well as the purification and sacrificial rites for the atonement of sins – are important.

XX. Since religious and moral law must prevail and the race survive, a man may have more than one wife; for he is forbidden to sleep or cohabit with is wife either during the nine months of pregnancy or during the suckling period of one or two years thereafter. (1) The wife may not prepare meals for the husband or family during the menstrual period. (2) The husband is strictly forbidden to have and kind of relationship with one wife during the set period that belongs to another wife.

XXI. The supreme command of the fighting forces is under the Council, not the King. If the King becomes the Commander-in-Chief, it is through election by the Council because of his qualification as a general or field commander. This position ends with the war and the armed forces return to former status under the Council or, more directly under the respective Paramount chiefs. There were no standing armies.


* * *



THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
OF THE AFRICAN PEOPLE



The following is a representative number of human rights, also drawn from customary laws or tradition constitutions:

Every member of the community had –
1) The right to equal protection of the law.
2) The right to a home.
3) The right to land sufficient for earning livelihood for oneself and family.
4) The right to aid in times of trouble.
5) The right to petition for redress of grievances.
6) The right to criticize and condemn any act by the authorities or proposed new laws. (Opposition groups, in some areas called “The Youngmen,” were recognized by law.)
7) The right to reject the community’s final decision on any matter and to withdraw from the community unmolested – the right of rebellion and withdrawal.
8) The right to a fair trial. There must be no punishment greater than the offense, or fines beyond ability to pay. This latter is determined by income and status of the individual and his family.
9) The right to indemnity for injuries or loss caused by others.
10) The right to family or community care in cases of sickness or accidents.
11) The right to special aid from the Chief in circumstances beyond a family’s ability.
12) The right to a general education covering morals and good manners, family rights and responsibilities, kinship group and social organization, neighborhoods and boundaries, farming and marketing, rapid mental calculation, and family, clan, tribal and state histories.
13) The right to apprentice training fro a useful vocation.
14) The right to an inheritance as defined by custom.
15) The right to develop one’s ability and exercise any developed skills.
16) The right to protect one’s family and kinsmen, even by violent means if such becomes necessary and can be justified.
17) The right to the protection of moral law in respect to wife and children - a right which not even the king can violate.
18) The right of a man, even a slave, to rise to occupy the highest position in the state if he has the requisite ability and character.
19) The right to protection and treatment as a guest in enemy territory once one is within the gates of the enemy’s village, town or city.
20) And the right to an equal share in all benefits from common community undertakings if one has contributed to the fullest extent of his ability, no matter who or how many were able to contribute more.


* * *

These constitutional principles and practices were held on to and carried by the migrating Blacks to every part of the African continent. This fact is one of the most remarkable parts of the black man’s story – most remarkable because even those societies that sank to barbarism held on to the fundamentals age after age as though they were clutching the last thread of life itself. Even in Egypt, where the Asian and European impact was greatest, African constitutionalism could not be completely blotted out.



Chancellor Williams, The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D., pg. 170-175, Chicago, IL, 1987

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Hotep
Brother William

Wamukota X
08-14-2006, 09:30 AM
Brilliant post. It appears that Europe and America follow the exact opposite of the Past Afrikan Constitutional Laws. The concept of the "Cost of Living" sounds increasingly wicked everyday.

blackwisdom
08-14-2006, 09:26 PM
Some of the biggest debates in early Europe was land rights and interest. Since Christians weren't able to charge other Christians interest on loans or any other charges on money the Pope allowed the Jews to run the "banks" so they can do so and get a cut off the top. The early Greeks constantly battled over the amount of land citizens could hold. Land and resources are the principles of capitalism. Once this right of the people for land and resources was taken out of the hands of the people it became distorted. Without getting into an whole different genre of discussion the next big issue is retrieving our ancient ways in the mist of such deviant culture.

Thanks for the reply and comment.

Hotep

supremecharma
08-15-2006, 12:42 AM
:stroke: ahhh

Wamukota X
08-15-2006, 07:35 AM
18) The right of a man, even a slave, to rise to occupy the highest position in the state if he has the requisite ability and character.



Many White people fail to realize slavery was a totally different form compared to Afrikan versus European slavery. Some Native American tribes were forced through "Democracy" of the Amerikkkan government to take "slaves". But the Native Americans treated to slaves just as well as the other tribal members, they lived as equals. The same thing occurred in Afrika. Afrikans and Native Americans they did own slaves did not whip them to death, burn them alive, rape the women, murder, rip the fetus out of pregnant Black women and then stomp of the babies head. That never occurred until this European stepped in the Slave trade and perverted it.

supremecharma
08-15-2006, 08:13 AM
Afrikans and Native Americans they did own slaves did not whip them to death, burn them alive, rape the women, murder, rip the fetus out of pregnant Black women and then stomp of the babies head. That never occurred until this European stepped in the Slave trade and perverted it.


got actual proof of this have you?

Wamukota X
08-15-2006, 10:26 AM
got actual proof of this have you?


Yes, but it doesn't matter to you. You would just dismiss it and say, "Oh you can't believe everything you read." Or "This is just Black Supremacy stuff....blah...blah...blah". You evidently can handle the facts. This is sad you don't even know what your own people did. You don't even know your own History just what they wanted you to know. You are definitely a Clone.

Gawd
08-15-2006, 04:12 PM
Many White people fail to realize slavery was a totally different form compared to Afrikan versus European slavery. Some Native American tribes were forced through "Democracy" of the Amerikkkan government to take "slaves". But the Native Americans treated to slaves just as well as the other tribal members, they lived as equals. The same thing occurred in Afrika. Afrikans and Native Americans they did own slaves did not whip them to death, burn them alive, rape the women, murder, rip the fetus out of pregnant Black women and then stomp of the babies head. That never occurred until this European stepped in the Slave trade and perverted it.


Yeah im sure only the white slave owners abused their slaves........And you even blame the white man for forcing the Natives to own slaves. Everything is the white mans fault to you huh? Even the creation of the internet, a tool you use often to express your feelings and thoughts. You are weilding a tool created by the white man.

blackwisdom
08-15-2006, 08:56 PM
How can this get turned into a white/black supremacy hate/love one does all wrong/one does no wrong thread. Take a chill pill. No one race is blemishless. I even admit that when Blacks in Africa were left to their own resources they deviated from their original constitution that I've just laid out for all to read. One thing to be said... There is an old African prophecy that says "When the first white man appears in the land the nation will die." This has always held true to this day. I must also add that in the mass spread of Afircans over the continent via invasions from Muslims and Christians many mulattos and whites chose to side with the Blacks and the Blacks accepted them as equals. The trend of the Muslims and Christians were to use Black armies to kill, conquer, and imprison other Blacks. Once the white man came to the planet we all became one in the same. For whatever reason things began to fall apart due to old ways changing. I still don't have all of the pieces to the puzzle but I know how many of the pieces fit.

As a summary no fingers can be pointed but the events of the past do tell us of what will happen in the future if we don't learn from it. I sudy and attempt to apply the lessons.

Hotep

supremecharma
08-16-2006, 12:14 AM
Yes, but it doesn't matter to you. You would just dismiss it and say, "Oh you can't believe everything you read." Or "This is just Black Supremacy stuff....blah...blah...blah". You evidently can handle the facts. This is sad you don't even know what your own people did. You don't even know your own History just what they wanted you to know. You are definitely a Clone.


of course it matters to me. im asking???

so come on? evidence please.

and your last sentance REALLY made me laugh cos you dont even know me.

:point: if anything YOU'RE the clone.

Wamukota X
08-17-2006, 07:29 AM
Even the creation of the internet, a tool you use often to express your feelings and thoughts. You are weilding a tool created by the white man.


The only thing the Whiteman invented was the Patent Office.

blackwisdom
08-17-2006, 06:12 PM
The only thing the Whiteman invented was the Patent Office.
|)

Aqueous Moon
08-17-2006, 06:14 PM
The only thing the Whiteman invented was the Patent Office.
aahaha...classic. Real talk. lmao

Gawd
08-17-2006, 06:27 PM
The only thing the Whiteman invented was the Patent Office.

And the internets

Wamukota X
08-18-2006, 06:57 AM
And the internets



At least you are consistent in being Wrong. Of course it was a Blackman. He was on the internet back in the 70's. He called it Hyperball. One of your own Presidents of this United Snakes of Amerikkka also recognized him as "the father of the internet".


But this is a thread entitled "African Continental Constitution." Do you have anything to add in that regard.....nevermind I know the answer.

Origin™
08-18-2006, 09:22 AM
Good post black wisdom, regardless tho too what ever people may post, There will always be negativity or a way/reason for somebody too take offence too it, and defend for no reason. The simple fact is this, slavery / hatred / murder / rape, is bound by no colour, mankind is evil in all its shapes and forms, but it comes down too the individual person too be as best as he/she can be.

PS:

Too some people, there will always be this statement also.

"Ignorace Is Bliss"