View Full Version : South Africa

02-26-2007, 02:19 PM
World: Africa
South Africa's rape shock
Johannesburg: Gaining a reputation as the world's "rape capital"
A new survey carried out in the South African city of Johannesburg has uncovered an alarming picture of sexual violence.

One in three of the 4,000 women questioned by CIET Africa, non-governmental organisation, said they had been raped in the past year.
CIET researchers trying to find ways of arresting the alarming growth in sexual violence in South Africa said they were shocked by the finding.
Gang rape 'fun'
In a related survey conducted among 1,500 schoolchildren in the Soweto township, a quarter of all the boys interviewed said that 'jackrolling' - a South African term for recreational gang rape - was fun.
More than half the interviewees insisted that when a girl says no to sex she really means yes.
Many of those interviewed also expressed little knowledge about the need to use condoms and to practise safe sex.
The boys' opinions differed markedly from those expressed by schoolgirls, many of whom suggested that they were living in an intolerable sexual environment.
Levels of sexual violence differ across the country.
But BBC Correspondent Greg Barrow, in Johannesburg, says the city - South Africa's largest and its industrial hub - is rapidly emerging as the rape capital of the world.
He says the CIET survey will only serve to reinforce that unwelcome title.
CIET says it will be recommending a new approach to the problem in schools, and among the police and community leaders.
It also hopes to focus on the majority of men who do not rape and establish ways of raising their profile as community role models.
As recently as last week, South Africa's first black test cricketer, Makhaya Ntini, appeared in court on rape charges - to the dismay of those who saw him as a potential role model for young sportspeople.
Car hijackings up
The survey was released at the same time as the government's latest crime statistics, which reveal that the rates of murder and rape in South Africa had declined slightly during 1998.
The murder rate nevertheless remains at 52 per 100,000 - eight times as high as in the United States. Car hijackings last year were up by nearly 9% on the previous year's figure, and the statistics also show an increase in the rate of burglary and mugging.

02-26-2007, 02:20 PM
75 percent of rape in South Africa is gang rape
South Africa has the highest rates of rape in the world, according to Interpol, and the highest incidence of HIV. The National Prosecuting Authority tells us that 50 percent of all cases before South African courts are for rape, except in Durban and Mdantsane, where it is 60 percent.

Although the Law Reform Commission estimates there are 1,7 million rapes a year, on average only 54 000 rape survivors lay charges each year. Why? It is because rape survivors are treated so badly by so many.

Every time a rape survivor does not lay a charge, she allows a rapist or rapists - because 75 percent of rape in South Africa is gang rape - to believe he or they can do it again. And he or they will. Again and again, until a rape survivor does battle with the police, doctors, psychologists and the courts to get the justice she deserves, and to protect the next woman
or child.

A Medical Research Council study into conditions for rape survivors in Gauteng in 2002 found that the treatment of survivors by police and medical and court personnel was deplorable. Two researchers were so traumatised by what they witnessed that they had to go for counselling.

The Medical Research Council reported that "26 percent of doctors and nurses who treated rape cases didn't think them a serious medical problem". Yet rape carries the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, a range of other infections, pregnancy and long-term psychological scarring.

Last year the cabinet removed Section 21 from the new Sexual Offences Bill, which would have given post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP, which is medication to prevent HIV) as well as medication to prevent STIs and pregnancy to rape survivors. They left in Section 22, which guarantees medical care for the rapist and undertakes to rehabilitate any alcohol or narcotics addictions he might have.

In other words, the government will help to remove self-inflicted addictions from the criminal, but won't have legislation compelling hospitals to provide women and children with the medication that prevents them from getting criminal-inflicted HIV.

Professor Ames Dhai of the University of Natal points out that there are twice as many rape survivors at risk of seroconversion to HIV than there are babies born in South Africa to HIV-positive mothers, yet there are few calls for PEP for rape survivors. She asks: "Is it because of residual stigma against those raped?"

Just over a month ago a 21-year-old student was forced at knifepoint into an alley off Long Street, Cape Town, and was raped. When she went to Groote Schuur Hospital she, like many rape survivors, found it difficult to use the word "rape".

She told the admissions clerk she had been attacked. Because government hospitals do not see the necessity to train staff to be sensitive towards this problem, he told her to see her private doctor. She had to wait until the next morning - and yet the administration of PEP is urgent: to prevent HIV it has to take place less than 72 hours after the first act of penetration or attempted penetration.

Her doctor, being as incompetent as most GPs in dealing with rape survivors - in part because most universities give scant training to medical students on how to deal with rape - made her wait while he tried to figure out what medicines she should take. He finally gave her a prescription for two months of PEP instead of just 28 days.

It took her six hours and eight chemists to find a chemist that stocked anti-retrovirals - she finally sat in the eighth pharmacy, which didn't have the drugs, and refused to move until she was told where she could find them. Only then did a chemist pick up a phone and help her to get access to them.

In the country with the world's highest rate of HIV and rape, why do so few pharmacies stock anti-retrovirals, or at the very least three-day PEP starter packs for rape survivors? This failure has nothing to do with the new medical regulations: few were stocking ARVs before.

The young woman's father phoned the police from Johannesburg, and was told that the cameras on Long Street had not picked up anything untoward on that night, so there was no point in laying a charge. Failures like these lead to statistics like these:

UNAids reported last year that in South Africa two-and-a-half times more women are infected than men because many women experience forced sex;

Unicef reports that six times more girls than boys in Africa are infected with HIV;

A Human Sciences Research Council study found a significant cohort of HIV-infected children whose mothers were not HIV-positive. How did they become infected?

In South Africa, police tell us, 41 percent of those raped are under the age of 12. In Meadowlands, Soweto, police say 90 percent of rape in that community is against children younger than 12.

Superintendent Nico Snyman, head of that police station, says that despite a good arrest rate, only a small percentage of cases get prosecuted because families will accept "compensation" from the rapist or rapists, and the child is then prevented from testifying.

In the case of a young man raped in Wentworth, Durban, three years ago, when he was 14, the thugs who raped him offered his impoverished grandmother R3 000 to get him to drop the case. She wanted the money, but he refused despite continuing threats.

Investigating officers were changed three times, the prosecutors four times. The victim went for counselling at a well-known child counselling centre, but because he is an orphan and his grandmother unemployed, he couldn't afford bus fare to continue and no one bothered to go to him.

Last week the case against the accused was dismissed for lack of evidence. The prosecutor did not add extortion to the charge sheet, nor did she bother to get anyone to testify how he the victim took rat poison after the rape and spent a week in Addington Hospital's psychiatric ward because he was so traumatised.

The investigating officer was on leave and did not testify, and no victim impact statement was used. Gangsters got away with the rape of a boy because no one cared, and this was a case the National Prosecuting Authority's Sexual Offences Unit received frequent complaints about.

A nine-year study by Cape Town's Red Cross Children's Hospital, published in the SA Medical Journal in December 2002, found that the average age of children raped was three. Research has shown that 40 percent of those raped in South Africa are at risk of becoming HIV-positive if they do not receive PEP.

Experts believe that if post-exposure prophylaxis was given immediately to rape survivors, South Africa could cut new HIV transmission dramatically. Yet little is done to advance this HIV preventive mechanism.

What are the costs of providing PEP? The cost to the government of each HIV test is less than 60c, according to the department of health. PEP costs it about R60 for 28 days.

In other words, to treat 54 000 reported rapes each year would cost the government less than R600 000.

A rape specialist, Dr Adrienne Wulfsohn, says the hospital costs of treating one rape survivor who contracts HIV is around R600 000 during her shortened life.

Better treatment of rape survivors would result in more reporting and would give them the confidence to go through with their cases. What is more, most rapists are involved in other crimes - you jail a rapist and you invariably put away a dangerous criminal responsible for other offences.

South Africans need to become more serious about combating this crime.

Charlene Smith, a journalist, was raped and stabbed in her home in 1999 and has since become an internationally recognised expert on sexual violence and post-exposure prophylaxis.

02-26-2007, 02:23 PM
South African President Thabo Mbeki and South African activist Charlene Smith have been battling it out in that country's press this month over just how serious of problem rape is in that country. Smith said that Mbeki is in denial about the true extent of the problem, while Mbeki responded that critics like Smith are racists who want to portray black Africans as savages.
The backdrop of this was an official report showing a minor drop in South Africa's sky high rape rate. According to official South African statistics, the rape rate declined from 115.3 per 100,000 in 1994 to 113.7 per 100,000 in 2003/04.
Smith and others questioned those statistics and charged the drop is the result of "massaged" statistics. Frankly, that's rather moot since 113.7 rapes per 100,000 population is unbelievably high. To put it in context, in 2000 the U.S. rape rate was just barely over 32 per 100,000. As a whole, South Africa has a rape rate three-and-a-half times as high as the United States. That is a mind-bogglingly high rate and does, as Smith claims, demonstrate just how crime-ridden South Africa is.
Mbeki responded with an article on the African National Congress web site saying,
She [Smith] was saying our cultures, traditions and religions as Africans inherently makes African man a potential rapist . . . [a] view which defines the African people as barbaric savages.

In fact Smith never said anything remotely like this and never mentioned race at all in her critique. instead she criticized the government for failing to take rape victims seriously, noting numerous problems with the way that rape allegations and rape victims were treated.
Mbeki seems to be using the same script here that he used to defend his atrocious policy of denying that HIV caused AIDS and refused for too long to allow pregnant women to be given anti-retroviral drugs. The script goes like this -- find someone white who is making the criticism and then claim it's all about colonial oppressors trying to disparage blacks. Who cares, after all, if black women are the major victim of South Africa's out-of-control crime rates? After all, what sort of government is pleased that rape rates fell from 115.3 to 113.7 per 100,000 over a 10 year period? That's not progress, that's dereliction of duty.

02-26-2007, 02:30 PM
The ANC has continuously ignored the operating requirements of the SAPS; as result it is under-staffed and under-resourced, ensuring that it is in no condition to tackle a crisis of the proportions that crime presents to South Africa.

The conditions of service of police officers are a national disgrace and the DA believes that it is time that their plight is acknowledged.

The ANC's neglect of the police service can be directly linked to its dismal record on fighting crime. Since the ANC came to power in 1994 over 200 000 South Africans have been murdered, almost 500 000 have been raped, almost 1 000 000 armed robberies have been committed and 2 and half million homes have been burgled. Most damning of all is that only 10% of the criminals who perpetrated these crimes have been convicted and gone to jail. That means there over 600 000 murderers and rapists who are wandering the streets of South Africa.

Urgent and focused action needs to be taken, so that the SAPS can be strengthened to bring about the drastic reductions in crime that are possible. But the government, and Minister Nqakula in particular seem content with a "stabilisation of crime rates". This lack of urgency is an insult to ordinary South Africans who have to face the onslaught of violent crime every day.

02-26-2007, 02:34 PM
The Ugly Truth About Democratic South Africa

I sincerely hope that events in Iraq have inched Americans toward a less Disneyfied view of democracy. It is a mistake to doggedly conflate democracy with freedom, and "the freedom to vote" with liberty. Majority rule, especially as it applies in Middle Eastern and African countries, doesn’t always empower the right people.

Which brings me to another, less-than Magic Kingdom: my old homeland, South Africa, RIP.

The irony of President Bush’s December 8 meeting with Thabo Mbeki, South Africa’s president, went unnoticed. Democratic South Africa is yet another spot where the rule of the demos has turned a once-prosperous, if politically problematic, place into a lawless ramshackle.

South Africa is now the most violent country outside a war zone. The country, writes Scott Baldauf of the Christian Science Monitor, has “the highest recorded per capita murder rate in the world—with 59 homicides per 100,000 people … The US, by comparison, had 6.” So violent is the “free” South Africa that, for a period, the freewheeling African National Congress government imposed an official blackout on national crime statistics. It now releases them once yearly.

In 2003, South Africa had 21,553 murders (population 44.6 million). In comparison, the “high crime” United States (population 288.2 million) suffered 16,110 murders in the same year. According to Baldauf,the number of homicides in South Africa dipped to 19,824 in 2004. The US, with 293 million at the time, had 16,150.

The last statistics available, courtesy of the CBS, “showed that between April 2004 and March 2005, 18,793 people were murdered in South Africa, an average of 51 a day in a nation of 47 million.” There were 24,516 attempted murders, 249,369 assaults with grievous injury, and 55,114 reported rapes. (And by rape we don’t mean what American women consider rape: waking up the next morning after a romp between the sheets with a hangover and some regrets.)

As ghastly as the official figures are, they’re most probably doctored. Rob McCafferty, author of “Murder in South Africa: a Comparison of Past and Present,” notes that “Interpol have South African murder statistics that are roughly double the official South African state statistics, while the South African Medical Research Council claims there are approximately a third more murders in South Africa than the official police statistics reveal.” A discrepancy of over 10,000 murders is, shall we say, more than a margin of error.

Yet Westerners, conservatives included, praise the new dispensation in my old home. According to a columnist for The American Conservative, South Africa represents “the greatest triumph of chatter over machine-gun clatter.” “It’s not perfect,” this flaccid fool effuses, “and crime is at an all-time high in South-African cities, but at least the massacres are a thing of the past and life goes on much better than before.”

False. Few people know that during the decades of the repressive apartheid regime, only a few thousand Africans perished as a direct result of police brutality. A horrible injustice, indubitably, but nothing approximating the carnage under “free” South Africa, where thousands of Africans perish every few months. (Let us not beat about the bush; crime in South Africa is black on black and black on white.)

Take the travails of my extended family. Ordinarily, a one-case study does not a rule make. But not in this instance—you’d be hard pressed to find a family in democratic South Africa whose members have not been brutalized by barbarians. Mine includes a sister-in-law suffering permanent neurological damage after being assaulted by five Africans; a brother burglarized and beaten in his suburban fortress at 2:00am by an African gang (wife and infant son were miraculously spared). My father’s neighbor was shot point-blank in front of his little girls, as he exited his car to open the garage gates. My husband’s cousin and uncle were hijacked; aunt beaten within an inch of her life and raped. Two of his colleagues (that we know of) were murdered; one shot by African taxi drivers in broad daylight, as he left his girlfriend’s apartment.

Despite the oppressive, undesirable, political aspects of apartheid, law and order was maintained and common criminals were pursued and prosecuted, to the benefit of all. To appropriate the gallant words of Gen. Sir Charles Napier: Before 1994, when African men raped infants because the “practice” is considered a traditional salve for AIDS, South African policemen followed their custom: they tied a rope around the rapist’s neck and hung him.

Since the near-total collapse of law and order, the conviction rate hovers at 2.96 percent!

Much the way Americans dismantled Iraq’s law and order apparatus, the democratically elected ANC retired most of the old South African Police and set about reconstructing a politically correct—and representative—force. The demotic orgy of crime reflects the capabilities of the renamed South African Police Service’s—it is mostly an illiterate, ill-trained force, riven by feuds, fetishes, and factional loyalties. In Africa, moreover, as in the Middle East, the extractive view of politics dominates—people seek personal advantage from positions of power. Corruption is thus the rule, not the exception.

Readers will often admonish me for dismissing those ink-stained Iraqi fingers. I tell them I’ve lived under a relatively peaceful dictatorship and was fortunate to escape a violent mobocracy. I tell them that voting is synonymous with freedom only if strict limits are placed on the powers of elected officials and only if individual rights to live unmolested are respected.

In South Africa, as in Iraq, these conditions do not apply.

02-26-2007, 02:43 PM
Chris McGreal in Johannesburg
Monday November 27, 2006
The Guardian (http://www.guardian.co.uk/)

South Africa's police chief has been accused of protecting criminal interests. He vigorously denies the allegations and accuses a former British military intelligence agent of a smear campaign. Photograph: Franka Bruns/AP

South Africa's national police commissioner, Jackie Selebi, is under investigation after it was revealed that he maintained a close friendship with an organised crime boss recently arrested over the murder of a corrupt mining magnate. The revelation follows a damning series of accusations against the national police commissioner, who is also president of the international police organisation, Interpol. They include a 144-page dossier submitted to detectives by a former British military intelligence agent who accuses Mr Selebi of "wining and dining the mafia set" and of protecting criminal interests

02-26-2007, 02:45 PM
South African police accused of ignoring ritual murders

Stephen Bevan in Pretoria

Last Updated: 11:49pm GMT 25/03/2006

Even in a country grown accustomed to horrific acts of violence, it is a crime that still shocks. ''Muti murder'', in which human body parts are removed to be used in traditional "medicine", is increasing in South Africa - but victims' families complain that the police too often ignore it.
The murder of four-year-old Connie Ncube, whose mutilated body was discovered in a river near her home east of Pretoria by her father last month, has sparked a public outcry and demands for tougher action against the gruesome crimes.
Jabu Majola said: "I was shocked to see my daughter that way. It took me 10 minutes to identify her because of the way they cut at her. I couldn't believe someone could do something like this."

Mr Majola condemned the police for not responding to his calls for almost 12 hours after Connie disappeared. "If they had sent police to search for my daughter when we asked them to, she would be alive today," he said.
It was only after a report of her death appeared in a local newspaper, Mr Majola said, that the police launched a full investigation and eventually identified a suspect - a neighbour with links to traditional "healers" - who has not been caught.
According to the South African Council of Churches (SACC), there have been 49 ritual killings in one district of Limpopo province alone since the mid-1980s, including that of a seven-year-old boy, Mulweli Nemadandila, whose mutilated body was found in a stream next to his house last month.
Yet, from all of these, there have been only four arrests, and no convictions. The SACC is calling for the cases to be re-investigated.
The Rev Alunamutwe Randi-tsheni, the SACC's district chairman, said: "We're very worried about ritual killing at the moment, but the police seem not to be interested. People have been identified as suspects, so why are the police not arresting them?
"Usually they say these people have been eaten by a fish or crabs after drowning in the river, but what kind of a fish is it that just eats human private parts?"
Disquiet at the lack of police response has grown since it emerged that South Africa's occult-related crimes unit, set up in 1992 to investigate muti (Zulu for "medicine") killings and Satanism, has quietly been disbanded. The unit, which once numbered 52 officers, was closed, according to a police spokesman, because "the number of reported crimes was too low to justify its existence".
But the unit's founder, Kobus Jonker, who has since retired, described that explanation as "unbelievable".
In 2000, he said, it had dealt with 300 cases of muti-related crimes and that number was "definitely increasing". He said: "If this unit has closed down completely, it's a terrible thing. It's not just anyone who can do this sort of investigation. You must know the culture and the superstitions of the people."
The belief that body parts contain powerful magic which can be used to bring good luck, help a woman to get pregnant or even make a criminal invisible to the police, is widespread in Africa - and the rewards for those unscrupulous traditional healers, or sangomas, who are willing to supply them are huge. According to Mr Jonker, a human head could fetch up to £1,150.
The victim is invariably alive when the parts are taken, as it is believed that their screams make the muti even more powerful.
Estimates of the number of muti killings vary widely, from six a year to 100. Anthony Minnaar, a professor of criminal justice studies at the University of South Africa, said: "Because it is often done in secret and the bodies disposed of down a mineshaft or similar, the incidence is much higher than is reported."
Some of the 800 to 900 children reported missing in South Africa every year are likely to have been murdered for muti, he said.
Mr Minnaar said he believed that some policemen "don't want to get involved because they think they might themselves be bewitched".
Supt Attie Lamprecht, who became the head of the occult-related crimes unit in 2000, said that it had not been disbanded but had been "absorbed" into other units. "The capacity is there, it does exist, but it is not a task that is full time," he said.

02-26-2007, 02:53 PM
YearAttacksMurders19913276619923656319934428419944 42921995551121199646810919974348419988271451999834 1362000902142Jan-Oct 2001809106TOTAL64011148
Note: Farm attacks have increased since 1994, when the ANC came to power.

All the photos you see on this page are white people who were murdered or attacked by blacks. Kindly note, our government falls over itself to spread news across the world when a Police dog attacks a black man. They then shout RACIST! RACIST! At the top of their voices. The trained Police dog does not even draw blood. They find this, and parade it as a white hate crime against a black. Now come and take a look at a very small sampling of black hate crimes on whites and compare them. Note, these are often committed by fit young black men - often against the very old or against women or children. As I say in my book, our new leaders are the most racist people in the country. They want race hatred. They love it. It is the only thing that gives them a reason to exist. They are incapable of doing anything positive for the country so all they can do is beat that worn old racist drum of theirs and remind everyone that all our problems are supposedly caused by whites! It is that sort of talk which encourages and leads to crimes of the sort you will see on this page.

Before we get to the corpses. Let's take a look at a "lucky" old lady. She survived.
She is being operated on. But just take a look at the hideous wounds to her head in the next few photos</B>

Look at her black eye.</B>

On the operating table. Just look at that black eye.</B>

On the operating table. From this angle her wounds look hideous.</B>

The Ones Who Did Not Make It...
A murdered white woman</B>

This image and the ones which follow show the grievous injuries suffered by a white farmer. God alone knows what he went through before he was killed, as you will see.</B>

Close up, look at the red and black on his chest. It is as if he has either been badly beaten or partially burned.</B>

From this angle the burn marks on his chest stand out clearly.</B>

Closer up it does indeed appear as if he has been set on fire.</B>

We see a rope being removed from his neck</B>

The burn marks on his face and hair are clearly visible. As I remember, from news reports they first murdered the couple and then tried to set fire to the corpse of the man.</B>

The next set of images is of the murder of an old woman. As can be seen by the dress and the surroundings, some of these people are quite poor.
Blood everywhere... even on the white panel of the red door...</B>

Lots of blood. I am not sure what the black "liquid" is. Is it dried blood perhaps?</B>

Here her body is being turned over...</B>

Truly gruesome. A man's face is partly blown away...</B>

This man was clearly set on fire at some point. </B>


This baby was set on fire... I know there was one instance of a baby being wrapped in newspaper and being set on fire. This might be it...</B>

This man was hung in his bathroom. It seems as if they used a belt.

It looks like this young woman took a gunshot directly to her temple.

This school boy was hung. Take note, he is still wearing his school uniform.

Here he is from another angle.

It looks as if there is blood on the bed to the left of this corpse

A murdered woman

It looks as if this man/boy was tied up before he was murdered.

This murdered man seems to be lying underneath a tyre.

A murdered woman

Note the cuts to this man's wrists. He is still in his pyjamas. He was probably murdered at night.

A close-up shot shows the cuts to his wrists and a horrible wound in his neck.

Postmortem. Just look at the horrible wounds on this old woman.

Postmortem. From another angle.

This body may have been buried and was now dug up.

Bruises can be seen on this person's face.

The Worst for last...
I left this horrible photo for the last. It remains etched in my mind because I scanned this from a highly detailed, A4-size photograph. This old man is missing the top half of his head. If you will look above his left arm you will see what appears to be his brains piled up on the edge of the bath

02-26-2007, 02:56 PM
Note: Farm attacks in South Africa are 700% higher than attacks on farms in any other country on Earth.

Further Note: Farm attacks have increased over the years and are now happening at twice the levels before - however, the better security precautions taken by farmers are resulting in annual murder rates remaining more or less the same (about 150 farmers being murdered per annum out of a total number of 60,000 farmers). As at Mid-2003, the death toll of murdered which South African farmers stands at: 1,400. Over 1,400 white farmers or their family members have been killed in several thousand farm attacks since 1994. Detailed studies of these farm attacks show them to be politically motivated. It has been alleged (a) That a training video has been discovered showing blacks the tactics needed to watch farmers, stalk them and kill them (b) A "gang" is apparently offering $250 for the murder of a white farmer. Who funds this gang, is unclear, but it is suspected that it is linked back to politicians in South Africa

02-26-2007, 02:59 PM
S.Africa: White Farmer Executed while Kneeling by Blacks

[This just makes my blood boil - the murder of people, one by one. Look at what happened to this poor man before he died. His wife was murdered first.

You know, it makes me sick to death that we're slowly being disarmed while these bastards run around gunning down White people, one by one.

I sent an email to some friends of mine in TAU asking them if they had any more info or comments. Note the mention below of farmers wanting to take the law into their own hands.

I have heard a RUMOUR... from certain sources of mine, that some farmers have already formed their own defense units - but I have not been given any details.

Remember too, the ANC dominated Govt took away the Commando Units which the farmers had in place to protect themselves. Then our lying Government promised the farmers that our Police would protect them. But many people get murdered in rural areas and the Police don't even know that these events took place and they deny the statistics, etc even when confronted.
So obviously, our farmers are on their own.

There is no question that we're in a low-intensity war here. Its hideous. Makes me mad as hell. But beyond that, what can one do? At some point, White people will have to start organising themselves. The Blacks won't like it, and it will be illegal, etc - but at some point, Whites will have to start forming their own hit squads or something. If our hands are tied, and they murder us off, one by one, LEGALLY, then we'll have to start thinking in ILLEGAL TERMS about how to defend ourselves.

Note: Bakkie=Pickup Truck. Jan]

Roedtan - A local farmer was forced to kneel next to his bakkie at the gate to the farm Doringfontein before being shot in the forehead.

Hennie van Vuuren, 53, had minutes before found his wife Celia's blood-spattered body when he arrived at the farm after having dropped off workers.

Celia, 53, had been shot dead in the garden in front of their house at about 18:0 on Wednesday.

The attackers did not take anything.

TLU spokesperson Dries Joubert described the attacks on farmers as "low-intensity war".

"The fact that nothing was stolen, proves once and for all that the police are wrong in claiming that the motive is crime."

The chair of the Roedtan South farmers' association, Hendrik Botha, said he and Van Vuuren had been at an auction and year-end function earlier in the day.

According to Botha, Van Vuuren had tried to flee the attackers after he'd found Celia's body.

"But they shot at him and hit him in the leg through the bakkie's door," Botha said.

It is not clear what happened afterwards, but it is believed that the farm's electronic gate opened too slowly for Botha to escape the killers.

"Hennie was pulled from the bakkie at the gate, forced to stand on his knees - in a similar manner to being executed - and shot in the forehead.

"We found his body next to the bakkie," a shocked Botha said.

"This was no farm robbery," said Botha.

"It was murder, plain and simple."

Agri SA's Kiewiet Ferreira said given attacks on farmers, it was becoming increasingly difficult to convince them not to take the law into their own hands.

02-26-2007, 03:04 PM
[6 Photos] S.Africa: A ruined farm worth R100 million

I've been lucky enough to catch another news item showing another ruined farm that was handed over to the blacks via "Land Reform" - which the ANC assured us would NOT be the failure that so-called "Land Reform" was in Zimbabwe!

This farm in Letsitele, is a massive Orange farm. As best I could make out from the news item, this farm was worth R100 million. As I was saying, the ANC is not handing over just any old "silly family farm" - they are actually getting the best, the finest farms/businesses which are worth enormous sums of money, and they are handing it over to the blacks. And these farms are collapsing! The blacks can't even keep a successful going concern functioning!

This farm produced 140,000 oranges worth R7 million per annum at the time it was handed over to the blacks. Now it produces - NONE!

Take a look. This is the farm.


The journalist mentions what the farm used to produce, and now it produces nothing...


The orange trees are now dying...


The blacks are now chopping up the dead orange trees for firewood!!


Here is a massive disused shed on the farm...


The tractor is no longer working - it has no tyres on its front wheels. The excuses given for the farm's collapse was that the blacks whom it was handed over to did not have the adequate skills!


Another ANC Land Reform "success"!!!

Frontal Lobotomy
02-26-2007, 03:08 PM
A scintillating read, nice work.

02-26-2007, 03:09 PM
S.Africa: Thieves Torture Cattle - Cut Tendons Mau Mau StyleHere is an interesting story. I have heard of cattle in S.Africa being butchered by black criminals. Some years ago, I actually posted a story about many cattle being stolen from white farmers and having their tendons cut. Long before I got my TV card, I actually once spotted such a cow being shown on TV news. The cow actually had its legs cut off below the "knee". The purpose of this was to immobilise the cow so that the thieves could come back later to kill it. I am so sad that I never managed to get copies of those hideous photos. They were much worse than what you see below. I actually saw film footage of such a cow, almost legless, trying to move. It must have been in tremendous pain.

The cutting of tendons is a cruelty which was first practised during the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya, under British colonial rule. They did this deliberately to cattle owned by white people.

Below is such a story posted recently on Crime Expo. The logic is the same, to immobilise the cattle so the thieves can come back later to kill them. (PS: I am always on the lookout for animal cruelty and crime scene photos from here in Africa. Just drop me a line on the CONTACT US page)

http://www.africancrisis.org/images/South_Africa_Mau_Mau_Cow_Achilles_Tendons_Cut_Tort ure_3.jpg

A bit closer...

http://www.africancrisis.org/images/South_Africa_Mau_Mau_Cow_Achilles_Tendons_Cut_Tort ure_2.jpg

Closeup of where the tendon is cut...

http://www.africancrisis.org/images/South_Africa_Mau_Mau_Cow_Achilles_Tendons_Cut_Tort ure_1.jpg

The original story:-
A friend and I were cycling between Randfontein and Carletonville (Tuesday 29 Aug), when we discovered the cow near the side of the road. She was hidden under the trees and between bushes. It was clear that this was a pedigree Friesland cow, which according to my friend, who is a farmer will cost approximately R8,000.

But the sad part was the fact the cows (apparently four cows were stolen) Achilles tendons were cut the previous night and were left there, still alive, to be butchered the next day.
AL Rheed

02-26-2007, 03:10 PM
SA: Govt Minister: If you don"t like Crime, leave the Country!Here are two videos I have put online so that people can hear the S.African Minister of Safety & Security, in parliament, saying the following: "They can continue to winge until they are blue in the face. They can continue to be as negative as they want to, or... they can simply leave this country..."

He said this a week ago. Charles Nqakula spent much of his political career in the South African Communist Party. I think they really would prefer that we whites leave!

Here are the URL's for the two videos.

The shortest one is, 292Kb:-

Short version (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/Charles_Short.wmv)

The full story is, 3.2Mb:-

Full Story (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/Charles_Full.wmv)

02-26-2007, 03:13 PM
16 Pics & Full Video] The Songs they Sing about Killing WhitesHere is the full version of the 12 minute documentary, "The Songs they Sing". I strongly recommend the viewing of this because it contains much historical footage along with translations.

Some songs have english words in them, and you will hear exactly what they are singing about. There is the "axe song" where they talk about chopping down the whites. They also sing about killing their black political opponents. However the songs generally are about killing whites.

You will also hear the original version of the "Kill the Boers" song. Interestingly, when Afrikaners tried to have the words "Kill the Boers" stopped because it is racist (not to mention it incites hatred), it was defended (successfully) in court by saying that it is part of ANC "tradition!". So the words "Kill the Boers" is NOT considered RACIST!

Our aspirant President-to-be, Jacob Zuma personally leads sing songs at every political rally in 2006, with his favourite song "My Machinegun".

I don't think there is a country in the world where this type of singing is done by Presidents, Members of Parliament, etc out in the open... and where it passes by as "normal behaviour".

This is the incitement of racial hatred. Yet, it goes on in S.Africa to this day! You will see men and women, the young and the old, singing these songs.

Should it be any wonder, with words like "Kill the Boers" that almost 2,000 of our white commercial farmers have been murdered since the 1990's? Is it any wonder that criminals torture white people and gang rape women before killing them? The black children... tiny little black boys and girls all sing these songs. Prominent politicians and whole crowds sing these songs.

If this is not the incitement to racial hatred and white genocide then I don't know what is.

I have created a high and low resolution version of the documentary for download. The Low Res version is 13.5Mb in size. It can be downloaded here:-
http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_low.wmv (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_low.wmv)
The High Res version is 30.6Mb in size and can be downloaded here:-
http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_high.wmv (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_high.wmv)

Here are a few photos from the 12 minute documentary.







Here we see a huge crowd. The red and black flag of the South African Communist party can be seen in the foreground. The hammer and sickle is clearly visible.




Here they are singing about the white leaders of the country.





Here is a political funeral. You can see the yellow and green ANC (African National Congress) flag, and next to it, the red and black flag of the South African Communist party. The hammer and sickle is clearly visible. (Do you see now what we meant when we said there were Communists running around in this country?)


A closeup...


The Axe song... about chopping down the whites who lead the country...


02-26-2007, 03:17 PM
Nelson Mandela: The Songs They Sing about Killing WhitesHere is another excerpt from the full 12 minute documentary called "The Songs they Sing", which contains much interesting footage and many more songs which they sing, some in Xhosa, and even some in english (like "Kill the Boers...").

The singing about the killing of the whites continues to this day. Jacob Zuma, who wants to be our next President leads the singing of the song "My Machinegun" at every political rally he holds - right now, in 2006! He could be our president in 2009!

This portion shows Nelson Mandela and Ronnie Kasrils at a funeral in 1992, where all the ANC/SACP members sing about killing the whites. This excerpt shows Mandela there, and it contrasts the words of the song, sung in Xhosa (the tribe from which Mandela comes), with the words he speaks in english. It also shows other members of the ANC, including women and children singing the same words. It has been noted over the years, that often, these black leaders, say one thing in a "native" language, but when questionined in english, they say something very different. In this excerpt you will see that.

This portion of the movie is 6.7Mb in size and can be downloaded here:-
http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Nelson_Mandela.wmv (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Nelson_Mandela.wmv)

This is the "song of the oath", for want of a better phrase. This is where the members of MK (Mkhonto we Sizwe), the armed wing of the ANC (African National Congress), pledge to kill white people.

Here are some of the frames showing Nelson Mandela, and next to him, in the green shirt, holding his fist in a black power salute is Ronnie Kasrils. Kasrils is a senior member of the S.African Communist party, and in 2006, he is the Minister of Intelligence in S.Africa.

02-26-2007, 03:22 PM
S.Africa: Throwing Stones to Kill Motorists
Here are photos as I promised, to show you how a new type of crime exists. Nobody quite knows the purpose. It is not to steal. It is simply intended to harm and kill innocent people.

Here Police question a black man (whose face is blurred) who is suspected of being a stone thrower. The stone throwers stand on bridges and chuck rocks down on cars with the intention of killing people - and sometimes they manage to do so. Many people have been injured. It occurs most frequently in Cape Town. The black suspect below was let go because of lack of evidence.


Here is the windscreen of a car which was hit by one of these stones.


A journalist interviews a Policeman.


This middle eastern man was killed by a stone thrower recently.


His tearful girlfriend tells the story of how they were driving when someone threw a stone at the window. Her boyfriend ducked, but to no avail - it smashed into his head. He later died from the wound.


This is their car. On the top left you can see where the rock struck.


The blood and mess inside the car on the dash board.


The rock went straight through the windscreen.


Here is a close-up image.


This is one of the main highways in Cape Town where this occurs most frequently. It is one of the main roads which tourists use to get from the airport into Cape Town.


Source: eTV News

this shit happened to me while my wife & son was in the car lucky the brick hit the bonnet

02-26-2007, 03:28 PM
S.Africa: 63,000+ criminals to be releasedHere is a shocking news story. A long time back I reported that the Govt will be releasing criminals regularly. But today they announced that the prisons are 138% over full. Now note, they've built more and newer prisons since Apartheid. There are more prisons in S.Africa now than under white rule. And there is a much larger prison population now than under white rule.

Yet, even these new prisons are not enough, and even though Govt continuously shortens sentences and releases criminals way before the time they really are due to go... there still is not enough room for them... or so Govt claims.

So Minister Balfour says he wants to release, for starters:-
13,000 criminals who cannot pay their own fines! And 50,000 "non violent" people sentenced for terms under 6 months. So that is 63,000 to start with...

02-26-2007, 03:32 PM
S.African Communist party says its greatest achievement in 2006 was...

The other morning on Khaya FM I heard something fascinating. The SACP was saying that its GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT of 2006 was... the NCA... The National Credit Act.

Now some of you will recall that I've been warning about this hideous piece of legislation which is coming into force. I wrote about it a long time back. I did not know the SACP was behind it... but now that they've admitted it... it all makes sense.

This is a terrible piece of legislation. In my work, I was nearly involved in designing the changes to our computer systems to handle this horrific piece of legislation. But other priorities changed and it was handed to someone else - so I'm not complaining.

Basically, the NCA makes it ILLEGAL for any bank or lending institution to use normal logical processes to discriminate between customers who are a good risk and customers who are a bad risk. You cannot even use a person's bad past record as the basis for rejecting his loan applications!

I reckon that the various processes which this Govt of ours is putting into place will hit the banks HARD in the years to come. The banks of course will survive by changing their pricing structures. I have been wondering if our banks aren't going to get smacked so incredibly hard from various angles in the next few years - that it will send them reeling? I think the banks are in for the toughest time they have ever had in their history. Its their turn now... and its gonna hit them in the kisser!

Keep watching the NCA. It is going to become law in 2007. All financial institutions have to change their systems, at great cost, to accomodate this hideous piece of legislation. But, this hideous piece of legislation (like all communist claptrap) comes at an incredible cost to the taxpayer. There will be whole new bureacratic structures and courts which must be set up by Govt to back it up.

Basically... this piece of legislation will force banks to lend money to BAD RISK clients... So... who will pay for this? You guessed it... the GOOD CLIENTS! The clients who are honest and who pay their debts will be financing the scumbags... The Banks will not be able to turn away the rubbish clients! If they do, the Law will be all over their asses!!

Of course, the banks will look for loop holes - rest assured. But I can tell you, there aren't many. In fact, all the discussions I've heard state that there are no loop holes. This is watertight stuff. From a business point of view... nobody has truly assessed how they will carry on doing business with this. It is a grey area and they will have to watch how Govt implements it, and what cases come up as a result. But at the very least, bad debts will be going up. So keep watching the NCA - which is the handiwork of the S.African Communist Party.

Of course, deep down, I don't care if things go to hell in a handbasket. The more damage and destruction the ANC and SACP wreak on the country's economy the better I say. Let them bring the country to its knees with their nonsense.

02-26-2007, 03:33 PM
I lived in Johannesburg for 19 year's, and the very reason my family left was because of the above, i'm by know mean's a rascist. It's sad that such a beautiful country can be so corrupt, i would love to go back but hey, i guess it's not all that bad, i mean what you've shown is the worst of the worst and really shocking to be honest to see my own ppl being tortured in such a heartless manner, i'm going back to S.A for holiday soon, i hope to see a country that once gave me hope.

02-26-2007, 03:36 PM
Nelspruit - A mother who disturbed five burglars was beaten and left in the mud while the men snatched her nine-year-old daughter whom they raped in turn.

The woman was woken by the sound of people moving around in her house.

When she went to investigate, five men grabbed her.

They had been robbing her, but when she interrupted them, they tried to tear off her panties.

She fought back, so they beat the living daylights out of her, dragged her out into the rain, and continued to pummel her until she passed out in the mud.

Raped in cemetery

Then they went into house, finished looting it, and abducted her nine-year-old daughter, who was still asleep in the room she shared with her younger brother.

Constable Chicco Nkosi of KaNyamazane police in Mpumalanga said on Thursday: "The little girl was taken to a cemetery where all five men raped her.

02-26-2007, 03:39 PM
I lived in Johannesburg for 19 year's, and the very reason my family left was because of the above, i'm by know mean's a rascist. It's sad that such a beautiful country can be so corrupt, i would love to go back but hey, i guess it's not all that bad, i mean what you've shown is the worst of the worst and really shocking to be honest to see my own ppl being tortured in such a heartless manner, i'm going back to S.A for holiday soon, i hope to see a country that once gave me hope.

it's not the worst it's an evryday thing
why i'm doing this is because i'm sick of it
i'm a coloured male but i can not close my eyes to this

02-26-2007, 03:40 PM
Nelspruit - A mother who disturbed five burglars was beaten and left in the mud while the men snatched her nine-year-old daughter whom they raped in turn.

The woman was woken by the sound of people moving around in her house.

When she went to investigate, five men grabbed her.

They had been robbing her, but when she interrupted them, they tried to tear off her panties.

She fought back, so they beat the living daylights out of her, dragged her out into the rain, and continued to pummel her until she passed out in the mud.

Raped in cemetery

Then they went into house, finished looting it, and abducted her nine-year-old daughter, who was still asleep in the room she shared with her younger brother.

Constable Chicco Nkosi of KaNyamazane police in Mpumalanga said on Thursday: "The little girl was taken to a cemetery where all five men raped her.

Ramesh i clearly understand your point of view but there is alot of good in our country aswell.

02-26-2007, 03:41 PM
i lived in hillbrow until i couldn't live their anymore walking over dead boddies was a normal thing for a stage it didn't even bother me

02-26-2007, 03:42 PM
Yeah my dad i alway's updating me on the situation in S.A but it's the same old sh*t, apartheid and poverty have been and will alway's be our countrie's great demise, a lack of education too.

02-26-2007, 03:43 PM
besides for the crime life is very hard down here now people just can not make it financialy

02-26-2007, 03:44 PM
i lived in hillbrow until i couldn't live their anymore walking over dead boddies was a normal thing for a stage it didn't even bother me

Yeah i went through Hillbrow a few time's, very quickly though, i've alway's known that to be a hotspot for crime.....back in the day, i's been 4 year's now.

02-26-2007, 03:46 PM
besides for the crime life is very hard down here now people just can not make it financialy

Why not move abroad, i'm in the U.K now and the money is good, i know financially it's hard, i still have some family struggling down there.

02-26-2007, 03:48 PM
i'm not going to be on the internet much longer because my finance company is fucked thax to the goverment
even though i have 5 houses i am struggling & all my friends are much worse off than me

Sexy Jasper
02-26-2007, 03:48 PM
The World Cup of 2010 will be held in South Africa. I hope things will change in the next 3 years.

02-26-2007, 03:51 PM
Why not move abroad, i'm in the U.K now and the money is good, i know financially it's hard, i still have some family struggling down there.
i cannot go no where in the world because i only got a standard 6 education

02-26-2007, 03:54 PM
The World Cup of 2010 will be held in South Africa. I hope things will change in the next 3 years.
words of advice if u coming here be causious always travel in groupes
even though u going to pay more always use a taxi
the taxi drivers will take you to safe places

02-26-2007, 03:57 PM
i cannot go no where in the world because i only got a standard 6 education

My friend, the work in the U.K is basic labouring work but it pay's really well, you could live comfortably, you don't even need an education, you should try applying for a temporary visa [6 month's] and take it from there, there are load's of African's doing it, all over Africa and they come from even poorer countrie's.

02-26-2007, 04:00 PM
words of advice if u coming here be causious always travel in groupes
even though u going to pay more always use a taxi
the taxi drivers will take you to safe places

We'll probably have a private car, we still have load's of family in S.A. My mother
is from Zim and she has been advised not to visit because it is still dangerous.

02-26-2007, 04:03 PM
i can't leave because of my properties or i don't want to leave
i lived in hillbrow i now live in cape town so you can imagine i can take care of myself
i'm very hard
i worry about my son when the time is right i will send him to australia like how your parents did with you

02-26-2007, 04:04 PM
We'll probably have a private car, we still have load's of family in S.A. My mother
is from Zim and she has been advised not to visit because it is still dangerous.
zimbabwe is completly fucked once i'm done posting about south africa then i'm going to post about mgabe

02-26-2007, 04:06 PM
it's getting late so i'm off now still got time to smoke my last joint for the day & listen to wu
catch u guys tomorrow

02-26-2007, 04:07 PM
it's getting late so i'm off now still got time to smoke my last joint for the day & listen to wu
catch u guys tomorrow

peace homie

Sexy Jasper
02-26-2007, 04:09 PM
No wonder you people are invading Europe.

Frontal Lobotomy
02-26-2007, 04:14 PM
Man, I don't get how people can say living in the UK is good. The money might be decent but the cost of living is a ball-breaker, the highest in the world outside of scandanavia last I checked. Immigrants with no academic credentials get exploited big time as well.

02-27-2007, 03:45 AM
this is what i started in chatsworth when i was 14/15 my contribution

A 17-year-old girl describes how she sells her body to help feed her drug habit, while a 14-year-old drug dealer is arrested by the Metro police.

These are just some of the stories that will be highlighted on e.tv's investigative show 3rd Degree, when they tackle the issue of Sugars and the devastating effects it has on the youth in Chatsworth.

The programme will look at the new drug of choice for teenagers in the area, some of whom have joined the Chatsworth Anti-Drug Forum, Chatsworth's first drug rehabilitation centre.

Sugars consist of tiny granules made up of rat poison, heroin, baby powder, household detergents and cocaine.

There is no cooking or distilling, simply a mixing of the ingredients and it is sold in a powder form.

Users deposit the granules on to a piece of tin foil. Using a lighter under the foil and a tube - usually a straw or pen - they inhale the fumes from the cooking granules. More than 3 000 teenagers have received counselling from the anti-drug centre.

Young addicts are counselled and monitored daily at the centre, however some have to go back to the same environment that introduced them to drugs

02-27-2007, 04:47 AM
Guns, gangs and culture of violence

http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1915000/images/_1919382_safrica_guns2_ap.jpg Many children admire and emulate gangsters

http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/nothing.gif</IMG>http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/nothing.gif</IMG>By the BBC's Carolyn Dempster
Johannesburg http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/grey_pixel.gifhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/nothing.gif
South Africa is so steeped in violence, it has become a way of life, a culture that holds a dangerous allure for today's youth.
"I was born in a cruel world, I'm living in a cruel world, and I'll die in a cruel world. I haven't got money so what must I do? I must steal that car to get money to support my wife and children and my brothers. They are all looking up to me."
So speaks "Killer", a gangster working for a car hijacking syndicate in Johannesburg.
Children are fraught with the fear of violence
Lynn Cawood
Childline director
He is typical of the "amagents" - the streetwise gangsters motivated by need, and greed, who fuel the crime wave and the fear which pervades South Africa's townships.
They are mostly young, some only 12 or 13 years old, but they have already been initiated into violence.
In 2000, the child protection organisation Childline ran a national art competition to raise awareness around the issue of child abuse.
Drawing shows rape
The theme was "Rainbow Kids". At least 70% of the pictures submitted by 2,000 children showed images of death, guns, abuse, drugs, drunkenness, poverty and despair.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1915000/images/_1919382_safrica_aids_nomsa_ap.jpg Aids and violence threaten children's future

In one particularly disturbing drawing, two men stand on either side of a semi-naked woman tied to a tree.
One man has his trousers around his ankles and is trying to kiss her.
The other is holding a gun to her head.

Childline's director Lynn Cawood said the vast majority of artworks revealed that South Africa's children are "fraught with the fear of violence and suffering post-traumatic stress".
What is more worrying is that gangsterism is glamorised.
Jill Eagle, a psychology lecturer at the University of the Witwatersrand, says when children do not see wrongdoers being punished, their sense of morality is distorted.
"Bad people are seen to be rewarded. Known criminals are seen driving flashy cars and wearing smart clothing."
Apartheid left its own bitter legacy of poverty, inequality and the nobility of violence in the struggle to end an oppressive system.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/blu_arrow_down.gif <A href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1919382.stm#graph">Click here to see international murder rates compared
The political transition ushered in uncertainty and more crime. South Africa is no different from other societies like Russia in this regard.
What is different, says Martin Schonteich, a senior researcher with the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, is that there was already a willingness, deeply embedded in South African society, to use violence to solve fairly minor disputes.
I am used to seeing someone being killed
Tjovito - gangster
South Africa's black youth also had high expectations that democracy would bring more jobs and a better quality of life.
That hasn't happened. In some cases they have taken out their disillusionment and anger by turning to crime.
"Affirmative shopping" is an ironic term used to describe the theft of property from affluent whites by black youths.
It's also an attempt to legitimise crime by placing it in the context of racial oppression and disadvantage.
"I am used to seeing someone being killed. Before, I was scared - I could not watch - but now it's OK with me," a gangster called Tjovito told researchers from the Centre for Violence and Reconciliation.
Brutality earns respect
The more brutal and daring the crime, the more respect there is in the criminal underworld.
"In crime there is a hierarchy," says Tjovito. "You grow from strength to strength until you are up there doing the business where there is a lot of money.
"When you are there we respect you and to us you are like someone working on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange".
What makes it easier for criminals to prosper is the easy access to guns.
Out of an estimated 14 million guns in circulation, only four million are registered and licensed to legal gun owners.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1915000/images/_1919382_safrica_shooting_ap.jpg Guns are often a feature in violent crime

Gangsters say guns are easy to buy or steal, and are seen as a critical part of the crime ritual.
Historically, South Africans of all ethnic groups have claimed a right to a weapon, usually the gun, as a symbol of their masculinity and power.
This right is now being claimed by scores of young black men who have been repeatedly marginalised by society.
The anti-gun lobby, led by Sheena Duncan of the Gun Control Alliance, would like the private possession of guns banned, saying guns are used in almost 75% of violent crimes.
The danger posed by a combination of gun culture, violent crime, and South Africa's exploding Aids pandemic, was outlined by Virginia Gamba, head of the arms management programme at the Institute of Security Studies.
"In 12 years time you'll have at least a quarter of a million orphans, with no role models to guide them. They won't care less, because they themselves are infected with HIV.
"They will have access to guns, unless of course the gun control legislation works.
"The escalation of violence could be so great, that it becomes the only determinant of whether life is worth living or not."
The picture she paints is not only bleak, it threatens the very foundations of the democracy upon which South Africa is built.

02-27-2007, 04:54 AM
Gang Rape and the Culture
of Violence in South Africa

by Lloyd Vogelman & Sharon Lewis

Published in German under the title, Illusion der Stärke: Jugendbanden, vergewaltigung und kultuur der gewalt in Südafrika, in Der Überblick, No. 2, pp. 39-42, 1993.
Lloyd Vogelman is a founder and former Director of the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.
Sharon Lewis is a former Researcher at the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.
Violence against women is a virtually universal phenomenon, and it is widespread, common and deeply entrenched in most societies.1 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note1) Rape, one of the most conspicuous forms of this violence, has reached epidemic proportions in South Africa. It occurs in all spheres of society and all women are potential victims. Women's fear of rape has begun to affect their basic day to day decisions and reduce their quality of life.
This paper will explore and attempt to explain the high incidence of rape in South Africa. The focus of the paper is on the phenomenon of gang rape, which in many ways crystallises the power issue which is at the nexus of rape. Gang rape is also an increasingly common form of rape: in a recent South African study, approximately forty four percent of rapists had engaged in gang rape,2 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note2) while in the United States it is estimated that one in four rapes are gang rapes.3 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note3) A description of "jackrolling" will provide an illustration of gang rape in the South African context.
It will be argued that rape is primarily an act of power, and to that any attempt to understand the aetiology of rape must take into account the wider social, economic and political factors, including the culture of violence from which subcultures draw their reference points. A detailed presentation of the individual and social factors which make up the aetiology of rape are beyond the scope of this paper, and so only a few of the central social and political factors which promote rape will be focused on.
Although rape assumes many forms, this paper will use the term within the framework of sexual coercion, in which the woman is the victim and the man is the perpetrator. Of course, this is not always the case, but heterosexual rape is by far the dominant form of sexual violence.
The Incidence of Rape in South Africa

It is generally established that the incidence of violence directed at women in particular tends to be reflective of the overall level of violence expressed in any society. South African society is an extremely violent one, and it is not surprising that in this context violence against women is prevalent.
Rape is an occurrence which, according to official statistics, occurred approximately 16,000 times annually during the 1980s. By 1992, the official figure for rape was 24,700.4 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note4) Unofficially, based on the premise put forward by the National Institute of Crime Rehabilitation that only one in twenty rapes are reported, the figure is about 494,000 a year. This means that on average approximately one thousand three hundred women can be expected to be raped a day in South Africa. If these figures are accepted then the possibility of women being raped during their lifetime becomes increasingly significant.
The Phenomenon of Gang Rape and "Jackrolling"

The gang rape is distinctive, because although it is a situation "in which no brutality, no threat even, would be necessary to subdue the victim",5 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note5) sadistic violence occurs on a large scale. This use of excessive force and debasement vividly illustrates that rape is linked to other needs besides sexual gratification.6 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note6) A brief description of one gang rape that took place just outside Johannesburg will give the reader some sense of the ruthlessness of this crime:
One night, we saw two women standing at the gate. While we were talking with these two women, these fourteen "ouens" came up. We were all under the influence of liquor and we just decided at the same time that we are going to rape them. The one ran away, so there were about thirteen of us that rape the one woman … . She was very "dead". They fucked her up, blue eyes and all … because she didn't want to take her pants off.7 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note7)The word "jackroll" was coined to refer to the forceful abduction of women in black townships by a specific gang called the "Jackrollers" which operated in the years 1987/1988 in the Diepkloof area of Soweto. The original Jackroller gang was made up of a tight network of less than ten associates, and was led by Jeff Brown, who quickly earned the "status" of the most feared man in the township. The most notable practices of the Jackrollers were rape and abduction, car theft and bank robbery. As the abduction of women became fashionable however, anyone who did it could be called a jackroller, and "jackroll" became a commonly used verb in the township vocabulary. The emergence of jackrolling coincided with the increase in township based youth violence and a dramatic rise in youth unemployment.8 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note8)
There are a number of aspects which make jackrolling different from ordinary rape. Firstly, it is primarily a youth phenomenon. Although rape is committed by males of all ages, jackrolling is committed by people who are still fairly young. Secondly, it is almost always committed in the open, and the rapists do not make attempts to conceal their identity. As a matter of fact, it seems that part of the exercise is to be as public as possible about the offence so as to earn respect. Most incidents of jackroll are committed in places like shebeens (informal township bars), picnic spots, schools, nightclubs and in the streets. Jackroll is often committed by roving gangs of armed youths.
A peculiar characteristic of jackroll is that it is seen as a sport of the tough gangsters. There is in fact a common township saying that: "Jackroll is not a crime it is just a game".9 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note9) As one commentator points out: "It has become a male fashion, that is, a popular form of male behaviour indulged in by even young school boys … . The tough and 'manly' jackrollers become their role models."10 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note10)
Masculinity and Socialisation

Man's wish to dominate, which may be expressed through rape, is not instinctual. Controlling and domineering behaviour is learnt from family modes of relating, the media, sexist sexual institutions and activities and society's glorification of "strong armed" masculinity and docile femininity.11 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note11) Men have been taught to define their power in terms of their capacity to effect their will, without the consent of those involved, especially women. This often manifests itself in the attitudes of young males towards sex and sexuality, as demonstrated by the following conversation:
You see I have told myself that "cherries" can't tell me anything, when I want it she must give, you see girls think they are clever sometimes. She will make excuses claiming she is sick, and all that. I make it clear that when I say I want it now. If you are soft and you let her get away with it, you will not get her … likes it or not, she has to give it.12 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note12)Thus the underpinnings of rape lie in the rapist's objectification and dehumanisation of his victim. For an individual to rape or to engage in extreme violence, it is necessary for him to perceive his victim as less than human. By dehumanising the rape victim, she loses her status as a feeling, thinking human being who has the right to make her own choices, including the right to say no. Rape is not the only means by which women are dehumanised, rather it is an extension and a more extreme form of the broader social oppression and subjugation to which women are subjected.
Another feature of gang rape (although it also occurs when there is an individual rapist) is to force the victim's husband or boyfriend to watch the offence. Making a man watch the rape of his sexual partner has two primary purposes. Firstly it ensures that he is a participant in the rape as he has to "passively" observe it. Secondly it is an illustration of the rapist's greater power relative to the other man, since this man is perceived as incapable of safeguarding and controlling "his woman".13 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note13) This type of rape serves to affirm the rapist's masculinity while destroying that of another man.14 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note14) In the process, the position of woman as property of man and as sexual object to be used and abused becomes obvious.
Gangs seem to be the exclusive domain of the young males, with women as peripheral yet crucial "components" of this youth culture. They are seen as objects of competition and as sources of affirmation for the masculinity of the young men. Two generalisations about rapists can thus be made. Firstly they have a strong desire to assert their power, or masculinity, through coercion, and secondly they are unable to perceive women as people.15 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note15) The practice of jackroll is an emphatic description of this chauvinistic ethos which underpins the pervasive youth culture.

The social sanction of violence can be seen as both an illustration of and an attempt to avoid exclusion from the centres and forums of power and influence. For black youth, the legacy of apartheid has resulted in familial instability, limited access to educational and employment opportunities and the denial of their political rights.16 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note16) The youth gangs, which have proliferated over the past few years, provide a concrete index of marginalisation, as they are a response to these political, economic and social constraints.
Gender relations cannot be separated from class and race structures, particularly within the South African context, and the expression of violence against women has to be viewed against this specific political context. One of the most striking features of South African society is its stratification along class, race and gender lines. If one accepts that violence and abuse against women is a manifestation of the power imbalance inherent within patriarchal relations, how does this inter-relate with other hierarchically-structured relations? It seems that in general women bear the brunt of men's need to assert power. In the South African political economy, where working-class and particularly black men daily experience themselves as oppressed and impotent, their frustration about this marginalisation is likely to take expression in domination in the private domain, where women are the most accessible target.17 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note17)
In exploring the effects of marginalisation, work is of central importance, because men fix much of their identity around their occupation.18 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note18) Unemployment in South Africa is extremely high, particularly amongst the youth and unskilled sectors of the population. The present unemployment rate hovers around four to five million people, with the youth, who constitute an overwhelming majority of the new job seekers, representing over thirty percent of this figure.19 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note19)
It seems plausible to argue that jackrolling is directly linked to attempts by young males to reassert their power via distorted masculine sexuality. When jackroll first emerged the victims were carefully selected. Initially many of the victims were those women who were thought to be out of reach because of their class and status. Such women would be called by derogatory names such as "Amahaiza" meaning snobs:
These women think they are better than anyone else, they look down on us, they prefer men who have money and drive in nice cars. When these women get jackrolled its okay, she likes big men so let them give it to her.20 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note20)It is clear that rape is used as a means of thwarting marginalisation, as it is a powerful and effective way of reasserting one's centrality and importance, at least in relation to the victim, and to those in the community who feel threatened by this violence.
A Culture of Violence

The term "culture of violence" is often used in South Africa to explain and describe the country's heightened incidence of violence. The endorsement and acceptability of violence to which this label refers is crucial to an understanding of any violent incident in South Africa. Resolving conflict and problems through violence has long been a major part of South African culture. Violence played a significant role in African tribal society, in white colonial settlement, in the South African government's programmes of repression and also in the liberation struggle against apartheid, and it continues to be a popular method of resolving conflict and achieving certain goals in the family, in sexual relationships, in the school, in peer groups, as well as in the industrial relations and political spheres.
This heightened incidence of violence is not experienced equally across class, race and gender lines. Although violence touches everyone in South Africa, the most victimised are the working class, poor African communities and women. Furthermore, not all members of these communities experience the same level of violence in their different life spheres. For example, women will be more frequently assaulted by their husbands than vice versa. The emergence of these differences in victimisation is linked to factors such as physical strength, financial resources, organisational strength, potential for arrest, legal rights, custom, and the values of the perpetrators and victims.
A Subculture of Violence

While the term "a culture of violence" denotes the broad acceptability of violence, there are differences in the extent to which certain groups endorse violence. Gangs are an example of a subculture in which violence is particularly pronounced, and this is connected to the composition of its members and their societal location. With regard to township gangs, both the youth and maleness of their members encourage the use of violence, as a result of the strong association between masculinity and violence. Secondly, given the marginalisation of the members, violence offers a quick and easy method to level the social playing field, to make an impression on an otherwise indifferent society, to gain social approval (from fellow members), and to obtain power and pleasure. Given the breakdown of law enforcement and generalised moral codes in South Africa, men are also more likely to rape as there are fewer social and legal restraints. They are able to engage in gang or individual rape, with the confidence that their crime is unlikely to be reported, and that even if it were, they are unlikely to be arrested and convicted.
Within the subculture of gangs, rape provides a rationale for solidarity and an interaction based on male bonding and masculine validation.21 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note21) Since a subculture of violence encourages violence and views it as socially acceptable, and because the members of the subculture regard their violence as socially useful, it is those individuals who do not engage in violence who are seen as morally questionable. Such circumstances help the individual to justify his violent actions, and also to reduce any sense of guilt that they may suffer after raping their victims.

Rape, like all forms of male violence against women, is connected to the broad socio-cultural milieu which is suffused with beliefs of male dominance, supremacy and aggression. Inequalities in male-female relationships as well as in the social, economic and political structures in South Africa ensure that women remain vulnerable to attack. Gang rape and the advent of the "era of the jackrollers",22 (http://www.csvr.org.za/papers/paplvsl.htm#note22) illustrate the way in which this vulnerability is exploited in the context of South Africa's "culture of violence".

02-27-2007, 05:00 AM
Prison life in South Africa is characterized by an elaborate system of gangs, through which much prisoner-on-prisoner violence is mediated. While gang activity is common to many prison systems, South African prison gangs are distinctive. Most importantly, gangs in South African prisons have a national organization, and a gang member who is transferred from one prison to another, or even released and reimprisoned, will keep his membership and gang rank in the new prison. The gangs have a history that predates the formation of the South African prisons department. They are not spontaneous creations in each prison, with an improvised system of membership and command, but have an elaborate structure, ranking and disciplinary code that mimics the militaristic structures of the South African apartheid system in general and the prison administration in particular.
The three predominant gangs operating in South Africa's prisons today are the 28s, 27s and 26s, known collectively as the "number gangs." They trace their origins, by an elaborate oral history, to the late nineteenth century, when gangs were formed in the all-male compounds occupied by migrant laborers working in the mines on the Witwatersrand, near Johannesburg. One man, Nongoloza Mathebula (1867-1948), is credited with the establishment of the basics of the gang system. Gang membership spread from the mining compounds to the prisons, aided by South Africa's pass laws, which ensured that the great majority of black South African males were exposed to the criminal system, since they could be arrested at any time for failure to carry documentation proving their right to be in a particular place. By the 1920s, the gangs had ceased to exist in their original form outside the prisons, but had become entrenched inside the prison walls.69 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn69)
Each of the gangs has an elaborate quasi-military command structure, involving up to thirty different ranks; each rank has specific hierarchical duties, and internal discipline is strictly maintained. Promotion, particularly to the higher ranks, may be obtained by committing acts of violence on persons outside the gang. The gangs themselves are distinguished according to their aims and activities: the 28s are regarded as the senior gang, and are distinguished primarily by their organized system of "wyfies" or coerced homosexual partners; the 26s are associated with cunning, obtaining money and other goods by means of fraud and theft; the 27s protect and enforce the codes of the 28s and 26s, and are symbolized by blood. Other gangs, of more recent origin and regarded as illegitimate by the number gangs, are the Big Fives, who collaborate with the authorities as informers and in other ways; and the Air Force, who organize mass escapes. Minor local gangs, sometimes associated with gangs in the outside world, also exist. Gang membership is marked by tattoos, symbols and "uniforms" recognizable by all prisoners.70 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn70)
Gang membership is theoretically voluntary, but the fact of confinement for up to twenty-three hours a day in overcrowded communal cells places enormous power in the hands of the gang hierarchies. Nevertheless, not all prisoners are gang members, though they may have to cooperate with the gangs in various ways.71 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn71) During our visits to prisons, numerous prisoners expressed to us their desire to be free of the gang system and removed from the pressures inherent in sharing cramped quarters with groups founded on violent activity. This was especially true in Modderbee and Barberton prisons. On the other hand, gangs clearly provide a form of support structure to long-term prisoners deprived of any alternative means of socialization.
Gangs may deprive non-members of all their personal belongings or deny them access to privileges. Several ex-prisoners described to us the experience of arriving in the section for awaiting trial to have everything they had brought to prison taken away from them. One prisoner described having to "buy" the right to a bed from gang leaders in the cell. Another stated that he had been deprived of access to his visitors on several occasions by gang leaders who had demanded payment to allow him to see them next time.
In theory, the number gangs are not antagonistic to each other, but in practice they are competing for scarce resources C including the recruitment of other prisoners. Accordingly, the potential for violent conflict is great. Each prison will tend to have one dominant gang, which imposes its own discipline beneath that of the prison authorities. Attempts to disturb this structure can lead to warfare between the gangs; large influxes of prisoners from other parts of the system may also upset an existing equilibrium. Approximately two weeks before we visited Kroonstad Medium A prison, a fight took place between the 26s and the Big Fives. Over 200 prisoners from the Cape area had recently been transferred to the prison, as a measure to relieve overcrowding. The newly arrived prisoners largely belonged to the 26s, and challenged the previous hegemony in the prison of the Big Fives. Four prisoners were seriously injured and treated in the hospital in the town, another six were treated in the prison hospital. In Barberton maximum prison, a fight involving the Big Fives, 26s and 28s had taken place in December 1992, two months before our visit. In August 1993, thirty-three prisoners at Leeuwkop maximum security prison were injured when rival gangs attacked each other and guards used birdshot to separate them. Three were hospitalized.72 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn72) In October 1993, a wave of gang-related violence spread throughout a number of South African prisons, causing numerous injuries and some fatalities.
In addition to general conflict between two gangs, we received reports during our visits that gang-related assaults by prisoners on other prisoners were a daily occurrence in maximum security prisons, and common in all prisons. In Barberton maximum prison, a prisoner told us that he had been assaulted approximately one month before our visit by gangmembers. He spoke to us from a single cell, where he had been moved from a communal cell where he had been housed with prisoners from a different gang. Virtually all ex-prisoners that we interviewed stated that they had witnessed, or themselves been subject to, gang-related assaults.73 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn73)
Sexual assault between prisoners is also common and is bound up with the institutionalized system of "wyfies" within the 28 gang. An ex-prisoner from the main prison in Johannesburg known colloquially as "Sun City" for its floodlighting, described being assaulted by more than twenty prisoners who wanted to rape him one night soon after his arrival. He reported the assault to the warders, but gang members bribed the guard and he remained housed in the same cell for nine months. An ex-prisoner from Pollsmoor described sexual assault as "general and routine." Another ex-prisoner held in Groenpunt and Losperfontein prisons, who had joined the 28s as a teenager while in reformatory school, stated that rape of younger prisoners would happen "about every week."
In September 1992, a nineteen-year-old prisoner at Groenpunt prison in Vereeniging died in prison. Gerald Nkomo had complained to the authorities of being raped, and asked for a transfer to a different prison. A few days before he died, Nkomo's sister had visited him in prison, when he was in good health, but told her that he was scared that his cell mates were going to kill him because he was pressing his complaint of rape. In February 1993, after repeated requests from a prisoners' rights organization for an investigation, the Department of Correctional Services stated that the doctor who had examined Nkomo found no signs of rape, and that there would be no inquest into the death because Nkomo had died of "natural causes."74 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn74)
The prison authorities acknowledge the existence of the gangs as a problem, and express their complete opposition to the gang system. Various methods are used to try to minimize gang activity, including housing members of different gangs in different communal cells (this was not the practice in all prisons we visited, but was the case, for example, in Barberton maximum security prison), and punishment for activities connected with gang membership.75 (http://hrw.org/reports/1994/southafrica/8.htm#_ftn75) Prisoners may also request to be housed in single cells, and during our visits we spoke to several prisoners who were segregated in this way at their own request because they believed their lives to be in danger in the cell to which they had previously been assigned.
Nevertheless, it was clear to us from our interviews with prisoners and ex-prisoners that at least some prison warders are in active collaboration with the gang system. The very existence of a gang, the Big Five, whose stated aim is to collaborate with the authorities, is suggestive of a less than whole-hearted opposition to the gang system. Ex-prisoners, including members of the Big Five, described to us the system by which prisoners in the gang will collaborate with the authorities, participate in corrupt practices, or defend warders in court if they are accused of wrongdoing; in return they are granted early parole, good work assignments, and support against the other gangs.
Prisoners frequently labelled the Big Five gang as informers, and expressed their fear that their conversations with our representatives would be reported to the authorities by members of the gang who might be within earshot. At least two prisoners reported to us that attempts had been made on their lives by members of the Big Five acting on the instructions of warders to whom they had previously made complaints, and that the authorities had taken no action to protect them. One prisoner, held in solitary confinement in Barberton maximum security prison and facing a charge of murder, claimed that he had been caused to commit the murder by members of the prison staff. A recently released ex-prisoner who had been held in Modderbee and Leeuwkop, two of the most notorious prisons near Johannesburg, similarly claimed to have been a member of the Big Five and to have carried out a murder on the instructions of warders in the year before his release.
The causes of the gang system are complex, and difficult to address in the short term. It is clear, however, that the effects of the system are multiplied by the lack of work or recreational activity, especially in maximum security prisons; the extreme overcrowding and consequent lack of privacy in many prisons; and the tolerance of elements within the prison authorities of some gang activities.

02-27-2007, 05:21 AM


http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/elsalvador/images/title_africa.gif Choose another topicThe AmericasAsiaAfricaEuropehttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/elsalvador/images/handbook3.jpghttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/elsalvador/images/spacer.gifRashied Staggie passes through a police blockade followed by fellow gang members in Cape Town, South Africa.

Credit: AP Photo/Sasa Kralj http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/elsalvador/images/spacer.gifSouth Africa: Gangs of Cape Flats

For more than 50 years, street gangs have been a defining part of life in the so-called coloured communities of the Cape Flats area of Cape Town, South Africa. "Coloured" was one of four expressions used by South Africa's former apartheid regime to characterize citizens, along with "Black," "White," and "Indian." The name refers to a fairly heterogeneous group of people of mixed Khoisan, white European, Malay, Malagasy, black, and South Indian heritage. In 1950, the Group Areas Act dismantled District Six, a mixed-race area in central Cape Town, relocating residents to racially designated sections of Cape Flats -- the infamous "dumping grounds of apartheid." The move brought together young men who had previously lived in different communities, creating a sudden competition for limited resources and territory that facilitated the growth of gangs. Under apartheid, black youths who may have found meaning in gang activities instead became involved in the struggle for liberation, but the coloured community did not have this outlet. As of 2003, the homicide rate within the coloured population was the highest in South Africa, and the Western Cape province, which includes Cape Town, had the highest crime and homicide rates in the country. Many Cape Flats residents feel there is a limited police presence in their community, and that officers in the area often accept bribes from gangs and/or tip gang members off when they receive complaints. Rampant alcoholism, meanwhile, can be traced to the nearby vineyards, which historically employed members of the coloured community, and to the practice of paying laborers partly in wine -- fostering violence, dysfunctional families, and fetal alcohol syndrome. Most gang members are initiated between the ages of 13 and 15, and are immediately armed with guns. Younger members are expected to assume the front lines in confrontations, to prove their mettle to senior members. For some, membership may last until the age of 40 or 50. The distinction between the real street gangs and the schoolchildren who simply imitate gang behavior can be blurry, but a few "name" gangs include: the Americans, the Junky Funky Kids, the Dixie Boys, and the Hard Livings Kids. The latter was led by the infamous Staggie twins, Rashied and Rashaad. Rashaad was killed in 1996 by a vigilante group called People Against Gangsterism and Drugs, but his brother, Rashied, or "Mad Dog," is still at large. Many of these street gangs are aligned with South Africa's prison gangs, which are known as the numbers. There are three numbers gangs, each of which was founded to serve a specialized duty within the prison system: the 26s were charged with acquiring money, the 28s dedicated themselves to improving conditions within the prisons, and the 27s moderated disputes between the other two factions. The command structure of the prison gangs is strictly hierarchical, like the military, whereas leadership of the street gangs is more informal. Street gang leaders tend to earn respect and status primarily through the strength of their personality, although this varies from gang to gang. The Hard Livings, for instance, operate by means of semi-democratic weekly meetings. Members show deference to the Staggie family, but do not otherwise rely on formal promotions. The Americans, however, are more closely aligned to the 26s prison gang and thus closely follow the 26s' chain of command. The gangs' primary source of income is drug running, in particular crack cocaine, which is also closely associated with the prostitution trade. It can be a violent business. Armed violence also results from gang rivalries, and the easy availability of firearms can lead to deadly quarrels over girlfriends and perceived showings of disrespect. Indeed, gun violence is such an inescapable part of local life, many members say they are forced to join a gang for self-protection.

02-27-2007, 05:31 AM

02-27-2007, 05:35 AM

Irvin Kinnes

Published in Monograph No 48, From urban street gangs to criminal empires: The changing face of gangs in the Western Cape, June 2000

The growth in the economy of crime

Gang-related crime is an effective indicator of the growth of gangs and their ability to strike terror into the heart of the community. The statistics in figure 2 show gang-related murders and attempted murders over the period 1997-1999 for the Western Cape. It also implies an increase in the rate of crimes committed by gangs.

Figure 2: Gang-related murders and attempted murders in the Western Cape, 1997 - 1999
There seems to be a geographic shift in the areas where gang crime has increased. Organisations such as the Western Cape Anti-Crime Forum (WCACF) have long held that gangs have been concentrating their activities in rural areas when it became too risky to continue in urban areas. The levels of displacement of crime committed by gangs are telling: areas on the West Coast have responded by starting their own anti-crime forum to deal with the issues at hand. In rural areas, gang operations differ markedly from those in urban areas. Conscious planning of the criminal enterprise is evident in rural areas, while gang problems in urban areas have remained the same.
Observers point out that the increase in killings could reflect battles for territory and market share in a world characterised by changes in the hierarchy of commodities. As the crack and cocaine markets are far more lucrative than the marijuana and mandrax markets, gangs may have been fighting for access to and control of these markets. It is also notable that the killings occur in predominantly black and coloured areas and very seldom include white communities.
It has been obvious to activist and gang investigators that gangs have had a strategy of ‘buying the town’ in rural areas especially on the West Coast in places such as Saldanha, Piketberg, Arniston and Paternoster. The same is evident on the South Coast in places such as Hermanus, Bredasdorp and Genadendal. The action involves gangsters initially buying property in these towns. They would then proceed to buy property that involves common use by the community such as petrol stations, shops and game arcades, to provide the means to recruit local youth to sell their commodities.
Often, it would involve bringing a few gang members of the Cape Town areas to live in the rural community for a few months before recruiting local members. This is exactly what happened in the Bredasdorp area where five gang members were burnt to death by the community. Community action against gang members has been consistent in the face of the perception that police officers are involved with gang members.
Gangs evolving to a more sophisticated and indeed higher level is a natural development that occurs in all countries that have in some way undergone transition. In the South African experience, specific factors have given rise to gangsterism, among them, unemployment, poverty, restricted access to opportunities and lack of education. These factors are still in place more than six years after the political transition. Foreign criminal syndicates have clearly attached great significance to the opening up of South Africa’s borders and regard the country as a new launching pad for their activities. This is further facilitated by the fact that South Africa is the healthiest economy in Africa and is therefore a potentially lucrative market. Poor law enforcement and corrupt officials further promote their activities.

The Hard Livings and the Americans: Gangs on the move
Until 1994, the Hard Livings and the Americans were the two biggest gangs on the Cape Flats with an estimated membership of between 3 000 and 10 000, respectively. Given the fact that these two gangs have had the monopoly on drug distribution for years, it was inevitable that they had to become the natural partners of foreign syndicates with better resources to bring drugs into the country. However, they did not have the monopoly on supply, which was the terrain of others.
Considering the fact that these gangs had access to all parts of the Western Cape through their distribution networks, their transformation into criminal organisations was a natural outcome.
Moreover, both gangs had to position themselves to enable them to operate on a level where they were able to both co-operate and compete with foreign syndicates. They experienced radical changes in structure and operation to prepare themselves as junior partners of organised crime in the Western Cape soon after 1993.
The year 1993 was a watershed year in the history of gangs. Firstly, it was on the eve of the political transition to democracy. Secondly, the government was in the process of relaxing social controls during the negotiations for a democratic South Africa. This signalled the opportunity to gangsters that there is money to be made. The fact that the government at the time and the opposition forces were discussing amnesty and indemnity from prosecution was a green light to gangsters that they too could benefit from the same negotiations. At a time when there was much uncertainty in the country, numerous political killings and upheaval, gang members interpreted the social and political uncertainty as an opportunity to commit crimes (in the name of freedom) and get away with it. It has to be pointed out that gang members presumably did not draw a distinction between the crimes they had committed and those committed by members of the liberation movements. In particular, they argued that the notion of amnesty and indemnity from prosecution should be extended to them as well, as they were also victims of apartheid.
While this may seem far-fetched to an observer, from their point of view, the gangs regarded this demand as legitimate. Hence, preparations for the elections continued with great expectations. The Hard Livings, in particular, used this as their reason for supporting the ANC. The same could not be said of the Americans who were split with its leadership supporting the NP and certain of its sections supporting the ANC.
Members of these gangs were prepared to pay for buses to transport people to political rallies held by both these parties. They expressed their goodwill towards particular parties by keeping the opposition out of each other’s territories. Nowhere was this more obvious during the 1994 elections other than in towns such as Manenberg and Bonteheuwel, in particular. Gangs ensured that political parties could campaign in peace in their areas. What was never made clear, however, was what the rewards would be for their participation.
Compared to past years, 1993 saw increased gang fights, with many people dying as a result of conflict over control of the various areas. It was indeed one of the most violent years in the history of gangsterism. Gang fights occurred between all the major gangs on the Cape Flats to the point where they were busy robbing each other for mandrax and dagga, Eventually, the Americans and the Hard Livings managed to succeed in establishing their leadership. They created effective organisations ready to deal with the changes that were about to sweep the country.
Structural changes
The leadership structures of the Hard Livings and the Americans changed to more centralised control over all operations. Their leaders no longer became directly involved in crime and set out to launder illegal money earned from the drug trade. Not shy to make new investments, they started to look for new partners to share their profits. At this stage, there was significant antagonism between the Americans and the Hard Livings with gang wars raging between the two.
Other gangs were offered protection at the cost of joining the Hard Livings or the Americans. They offered guns, cars and manpower in turn to assist in turf wars and were expected to pay through allegiance and loyalty. The Americans were the first to deal in drugs and were the most successful. Protection rackets were started, especially in relation to taxis and businesses, and extortion rackets were extended to businesses and shebeens located in poor neighbourhoods. It was not to remain limited to these areas, especially as the demand for drugs grew.
Very soon, all parts of Cape Town and its surroundings were affected and former white areas became the most lucrative markets because more people could afford the new designer drugs.
Violence was also displaced as the realisation grew that more profit was to be made from transactions within the city limits. As a result, more violent clashes occurred more frequently inside the inner city limits.
Among others, clashes, gunfights and brawls also occurred between local gangs and the Moroccans who operated a parking and protection scheme for local city night clubs. They ‘taxed’ businesses within the city limits for protection and the right to trade drugs in clubs.1 (http://www.iss.co.za/Pubs/Monographs/No48/Structure.html#Anchor-27165) Local gangs started to resent the influx of foreign syndicates and soon they managed to set up bases in areas such as Sea Point, Kloofnek and Camps Bay. In fact, they deployed their own parking attendants and started to tax everyone parking vehicles in the city. These illegal parking attendants started to extract cash from the public when watching vehicles. Soon more gang fights occurred between competing parties, and the competition spilled over into prostitution and drug concerns.
The gangs had come of age and had realised that it was much more profitable to take direct control of the market and to keep the opposition out.
By 1992, The Firm — a cartel of drug dealers — was founded with gang leaders among its ranks. By 1993, The Firm was regulating the flow and supply of drugs into the Cape Flats. It demarcated certain areas that became the trading floors of specific dealers, and persuaded gangs that it was in their best interest to keep the peace in communities that were traditionally soaked in gang violence. It remains doubtful whether gang leaders such as those of the Hard Livings and the Americans were part of The Firm.
After the much publicised gang fights of 1993, a plethora of peace agreements were entered into in the run-up to the 1994 elections. Community-based organisations started to petition government to deal with gangs. It was commonly agreed in the gang underworld that police action and attention as a result of gang fights were bad for business. Most gangs declared their allegiance before the elections, causing renewed tensions between gang leaders, but The Firm reigned them in.
By this time, the gangs had also succeeded in capturing the attention of the government as a result of community protests. The same could also be said of the foreign syndicates, who desired to utilise the ready-made distribution networks of the gangs. By 1995, The Firm had succeeded in establishing itself as the main supplier to gangs in the Western Cape.
Numerous investigations became focused on these gangs as a result, but were unsuccessful. There were persistent allegations that senior police officers were involved in the gangs. This did not go down well with police officers who were faced with community protests about police corruption.
Gang leaders obviously did not want to divulge their interest in and links with the police. It was not until the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that the links between the state and gangs were exposed. It emerged from testimony that there were agreements between the Americans and the Civil Co-operation Bureau (CCB), for example, to eliminate top anti-apartheid activists.
The chaos resulting from the transformation of the police opened the way for external criminal organisations to forge links with local gangs. The merging of eleven policing authorities in some instances made way for corruption and confusion. Some staff members were promoted without authorisation prior to integration into the SAPS. Where gangs were previously loosely structured according to the categorisation laid down by Pinnock — street/defence gangs, family mafia and prison gangs — they now appeared to have transcended these traditional boundaries. The Italian Mafia made contact with the gangs and it was soon revealed that Italian/Sicilian Mafia leaders had settled in South Africa, led by the infamous Vito Palazollo, the alleged money man of the Corleone family.
Significantly, government intelligence identified clear links between the Hard Livings and Palazollo. Similarly, one of the biggest drug dealers to emerge in the Western Cape, Colin Stanfield’s premises were raided by the police and he was arrested in 1996 after two years of painstaking investigations. During the raid, the police found millions of rands in cash and estimated that he was worth over R30 million. The arrest made headlines and the day before he was due to appear in court, the court was burned down. Stanfield was granted bail.
Local gangs become organised
Until the early 1980s, dagga was the major commodity changing hands in the country’s prisons. The gangs of the early 1980s were not that tightly controlled as they were to become in the late 1980s and early 1990s. There were only a few drug suppliers at the time who controlled the market and who did not have to fight with one another. According to intelligence operatives, there was sufficient place for everyone at the time with the market growing.2 (http://www.iss.co.za/Pubs/Monographs/No48/Structure.html#Anchor-According-38532)
The prison market was consolidated with a few suppliers reaping rich pickings for a number years. The authority of these suppliers went unchallenged and even the gangs protected their identities and their businesses because the livelihood of the gangs depended on this supply.
During the early 1980s, suppliers such as Colin Stanfield had unrivalled control as they covered a wider area. The gangs acted as dealers, musclemen and distributors of the product to its end-users. Where there was competition, however, it was violently suppressed.3 (http://www.iss.co.za/Pubs/Monographs/No48/Structure.html#Anchor-The-64024)
None of the local suppliers had international contacts with whom they could negotiate prices directly. Usually, deals went through a middleman who in turn made his commission from setting up these deals. The only gang that did have some connections with international drug dealers was the Americans whose leader, Jackie Lonte depended on his connections in the CCB. The CCB was set up by the old security apparatus under the apartheid government to eliminate its opponents. Lonte had access to internal drug dealers because he was recruited by the CCB to ‘deal’ with supporters of the United Democratic Front (UDF). The Americans was the only gang that initially restructured its organisation to be able to deal in mandrax, in particular.
Members of the Americans first introduced mandrax in prisons. This move impacted the price of dagga in prisons. The Americans were also the first to set up their own crack cocaine factories to produce crack for local consumption. (Producing crack is not difficult if the financial resources and time are available). This move consolidated Lonte’s advance and entry into the world of organised crime in the early 1990s.
Other drug suppliers banded together after Lonte’s move into the crack and cocaine market and founded The Firm to exploit the market in such a way that there would be a fair share for everyone. Led mostly by gang leaders, The Firm rapidly consolidated its control over the local drug market. It had its own networks stretching from Cape Town to Upington in the Northern Cape, and members set about to recruit gang leaders and cement solid relationships in terms of distribution networks.
While The Firm had entrenched its operations, the Hard Livings gang was in the process of setting up its own empire. They started robbing members of The Firm. This action by the Hard Livings was seen as a threat by members of The Firm. At this time, the leadership of the Hard Livings was also setting up networks with police officers and smaller gangs that would jeopardise The Firm’s traditional trading floor.
Staggie and the Hard Livings were invited to become members of The Firm soon after 1994. The Hard Livings would become a major asset to The Firm because it had muscle power and could harass the opposition, particularly the Sexy Boys. By 1994, Staggie had succeeded in setting up operations in Sea Point and was entering the prostitution market and the drug business on a large scale.
The Western Cape was divided according to The Firm’s hierarchy, as well as geographic areas and everyone was reasonably happy. After 1995, a call was made for everyone to stop the fighting so that peace could reign. Gang fights were considered as bad for business, as it often drew the attention of the police to their activities. Peace in the communities across the Cape Flats often facilitated the consolidation of drug businesses ran by gangs, and served to resuscitate their links with suppliers.
From 1995, a peaceful calm descended on the Cape Flats and gangs could go about their business in peace. This was the result of an internal arrangement between members of The Firm, but it did not last very long. However, it should be borne in mind that not all gangs on the Cape Flats were members of The Firm, something which was set to change between 1996 and 1998. More importantly, the formation of Pagad was to change the playing fields forever as far as organised crime was concerned.
A dangerous development in the gang underworld has been the decentralisation of gang activities. Where gangs were previously very strong and centralised, they had also laid their leadership open to police investigations that could disrupt organisation. Decentralisation made perfect business sense, in that leadership was cascaded and minor leaders were each set up with their own sections and infrastructure for distributing drugs.
Before 1995, gangs had centralised their activities under the command of a strong leader who had to take personal responsibility for ordering the death of an opponent, negotiating a drug deal, possessing and distributing weapons, as well as having to deal with collecting money from street dealers. Decentralisation was a necessary strategy to free gang bosses from their day-to-day responsibilities to concentrate on supplying dealers and collecting money at the end of the week. More importantly, it released gang bosses from personally taking responsibility for having incriminating evidence such as drugs and guns on their person and in their houses. This exposed leaders in the past to considerable risks as they had to flee, more often than not, from the police as all fingers invariably pointed to the leaders of such gangs. However, they were seen as ‘untouchable’ as the police were very seldom able to pin crimes onto them. They normally portrayed a clean image, while giving orders to take out opponents and supplying local drug dealers at the same time.
Another part of organised crime involved the entertainment industry, which was particularly vulnerable to extortion rackets. This is one of the arenas where members of the former old security establishment decided to base themselves after the 1994 elections. Protection rackets were mainly run by groups of former security police, and murder and robbery informants. They are allegedly controlled by a local group of security companies. They started to emerge in the late 1980s and provided security for parties and the old Coke clubs. They also had an association with the Americans gang because of its links to the former security establishment.
Protection rackets provided bouncers to nightclubs from their bouncer networks. These bouncers would distribute designer drugs such as Exstacy and LSD. This market is smaller than the hard drugs market, but is more jealously guarded.
These racketeers preferred not to deal with the Hard Livings, because of its image associated with street-fighting. Most if not all of these operations took place in Cape Town’s inner city and, to lesser extent, in the northern suburbs like Durbanville and Kraaifontein.
International syndicates
What distinguished international syndicates from local gangs was the former’s ability to supply drugs in large quantities. The Nigerians and the Chinese, in particular, have been unable to break into the market because, although they possessed the means to drugs in bulk, they have been unable to sell these as they had no access to the distribution networks controlled by local gangs.
The Nigerians were initially so desperate that they even went to prison to negotiate entry into the market with prison gang generals. When they were unsuccessful, they decided together with the Somalis to undercut local prices by setting up their own operation in Sea Point. After local gangs attacked them, gang fights broke out all over town. This eventually led to an agreement between the foreign syndicates and local cartels over distribution rights. Soon local suppliers set up their own mandrax processing plant just outside Cape Town. This factory was uncovered and raided by police. It belonged to a prominent drug dealer who had links with a prison gang. The dealer is currently the subject of court action by the Investigative Directorate of Organised Crime (IDOC).
Because of the opposition of local gangs, the Nigerians started to enter the synthetic drug market and started to supply Exstacy, LSD and speed. These are mainly drugs with meth-amphetamines as the base. The Nigerians also started to extort other illegal immigrants in the inner city, and to undertake business protection rackets.
The Moroccans have also had a hand in protection rackets and have teamed up with a local white security company to provide the muscle power necessary to extort money from club owners.
What usually happens, is that a company is approached for a security contract. The company refuses if it already has a contract with a security company. The Moroccans are then contacted by the security company to harass the business. Thereafter, the same security company approaches such a business and offers to protect it from the Moroccans. The company agrees and the contract is usually signed. The Moroccans are also know to have provided protection at local flea markets and car parks.
The Chinese triads were the successors of the Table Mountain Taiwanese gang. The main commodity of the Taiwanese was sharkfin which is marketed as an aphrodisiac in the East. They were displaced by the Chinese 14K Hau and the Wohing Wo triads from Hong Kong. They managed this by murdering some of the Taiwanese gang members. They subsequently teamed up with local suppliers belonging to a gang to help them set up processing plants. China is the main supplier of methaqualone, an important ingredient of mandrax, a fact which was to their benefit. They did not deal with the Americans, as they had their own crack cocaine processing plants.
The Italian/Sicilian Mafia has also been another player in the Cape Town area. They have allegedly been able, through the links set up by Vito Palazollo, to set up legitimate businesses, although the police and Interpol are investigating members of this group for money laundering.4 (http://www.iss.co.za/Pubs/Monographs/No48/Structure.html#Anchor-Cape-25168)
Information on the type of business dealings undertaken by the Italian Mafia has been sketchy, but it is believed by police intelligence that it could include extortion of established businesses in the formal market sector and in the inner city. Vito Palazollo was reported by the police to have met with Hard Livings leader, Rashied Staggie, but the exact nature of the meeting was not disclosed. It remains unclear what the precise nature is of the business of the Italian Mafia in Cape Town.
Another area where there has been clear growth since 1996, is prostitution. Statistics indicate that an absolute growth pattern in this area. This is not uncommon in cities that are also undergoing a transition as a result of recent political changes. It is also one of the emerging markets on which gangs have focused their energies. The growth is also associated with Cape Town’s development as a tourist mecca.
Local gangs, in particular the Hard Livings, moved very fast and started recruiting more people, especially schoolchildren, to become sex workers in Cape Town. It is a commonly known fact that one of the most notorious leaders of The Firm operates a prostitution market that spans the entirety of Voortrekker Road in Goodwood, Parow, Bellville and Kuilsriver.
Local gangs have also not discontinued their theft syndicates, which are responsible for robbing warehouses. Clothing items obtained in these robberies are sold to the communities where gang members live. Moreover, the alcohol market is far larger than the drug market, and provides gangs with their base income, especially from illegal shebeens. The liquor trade continues to be the number one activity for extending gang control.
It is estimated by a senior police intelligence officer that the drug trade is so lucrative that the Americans gang is reportedly churning out between 50 to 60 kilograms of cocaine per week. The above provides some idea of the extent to which drugs, liquor, prostitution and stolen items are peddled in Cape Town and its surroundings.
Market share
It is arguable whether the current market share in terms of drugs, alcohol, prostitution and the entertainment industry will remain as it is presently. As gangs become more sophisticated, they will continue to develop better operating methods such as setting up front companies to launder money.
What is clear at present is that local gangs have not allowed the foreign competition to grab a sizeable share of the market. Instead, local gangs themselves have assumed the role of suppliers and have acquired a sophisticated edge in dealing with international markets. This is evident in the fact that local gang members are now supplying the Amsterdam and London markets with dagga. It still constitutes only a small percentage of the drugs the Nigerians are supplying to these markets. However, intelligence officials estimate that, of the mandrax, cocaine and dagga markets in the Western Cape, local gangs control about 90% of the markets, with the Nigerians, Moroccans, Chinese and other syndicates controlling the rest. This is largely the synthetic, designer drug market like speed, LSD and Exstacy.

02-27-2007, 07:15 AM

Big Risk
02-27-2007, 11:10 AM
Kill the Whites. They killed the Africans and destroyed Africa. They have no place in S.A. Kill the bastards.

02-27-2007, 05:40 PM
my message is more about stop the violence it's 2007 we should know better

04-28-2007, 04:54 PM
Who's who in Cape Town's gangland

Probably the largest organised gang operating in the province. The gang used to be headed by the notoriously ruthless Jackie Lonte from his home in Belgravia Estate. But like several gang leaders during the late 1990s, he was gunned down in the streets in broad daylight in a drive-by shooting.

His slaying, however, had little impact on the gang's drug dealing business - their biggest source of income. The Americans gang was one of the first to flood the local market with cocaine and crack and spread its tentacles to many of Cape Town's upmarket neighbourhoods.

Hard Livings
Based at "Die Hok" in Manenberg, the gang was led by the terrible twins - Rashaad and Rashied Staggie. Rashaad's life was ended when anti-crime vigilantes torched him in a lynching in Salt River in 1996. His brother Rashied is presently out on bail after being found guilty of rape. He is appealing the conviction. The Hard Livings gang is known to be involved in a range of illegal activities from drug running, diamond smuggling, protection rackets, prostitution and shebeening. Their membership is spread across the Peninsula and they have an especially strong presence in the Sea Point/Green Point area.

Gang members always seem to be in some fight for control over turfSexy Boys
Time will tell if this violent street gang can survive without their charismatic leader - Michael Booysen. Chestnut Place, Belhar is the place from which Michael, his brothers and their henchmen spread their terror and fear, holding communities hostage as they operated their illegal businesses. Whether it was a case of drug dealing, gun running or forcing taxi drivers to pay "tax" for driving through the neighbourhood, dead bodies always littered the streets. Last month the Cape High Court sentenced Michael Booysen and two of his men to life in prison. Michael's younger brother Llewellyn was gunned down three years ago. Another brother, Jerome, is holding down a "nine to five" job.

The Firm
This is an amalgamation of various street gangs operating across the province from city neighbourhoods like Valhalla Park to quaint little rural towns like Bredasdorp. Formed in the early 1990s and headed by convicted tax fraudster Colin Stanfield, the gang included some of the most notorious street and prison gang leaders such as the dead Glen Khan and Ernie "Lepepa" Peters and alleged perlemoen smuggler Ernie "Lastig" Solomon. The Firm's criminal empire was largely built on Mandrax and shebeen operations, but in recent times included the whole gambit of underworld activities.

This gang is one of the oldest in Cape Town and operated in District Six before the area was bulldozed in terms of apartheid's Group Areas Act. Its membership is spread across the Peninsula, but up until the death of leader Ismail "Bobby Mongrel" in April 2000, the gang's stronghold was in Lotus River. The gang's history is one of conflict with other street gangs and the situation today is largely unchanged. Gang members always seem to be in some fight for control over turf as they attempt to open new "outlets" for their drugs, shebeening operations and other illegal trade.

04-28-2007, 05:18 PM
Manenberg, South Africa - On the Margins of Democracy -
Christian Vium
South Africa is one of the most violent societies in the world. In the aftermath of apartheid young ”coloured” people on the margins of the new democracy desperately seek identity in an environment governed by continued social and economic exclusion.

Manenberg, a coloured township outside Cape Town in the Western Cape, was constructed as a social experiment by the apartheid government during the 1960s as part of the group areas act, a political project based on ideas of racial separation. People of other race than white were forcibly removed from their homes, neighbours, and environment in the centre of town to the windblown steppes 25 kilometers away.

Today, 12 years after the dismantlement of apartheid and the official transition to democracy, the consequences of such overtly racial policies cast long shadows into the narrow streets of Manenberg - into the minds of every individual and into the society at large.

Manenberg is one of the most problematic areas when it comes to unemployment, crime, and abuse among young people in South Africa. The conditions of life are traumatizing and violence and crime plays a central role in day to day life. The young men in Manenberg and similar townships grow up to a life without future. According to recent statistics 60% of the young men are unemployed. The society has no need for them. They are useless surplus. The commonly heard lament is that coloured people were not ‘white enough’ under apartheid and are not ‘black enough’ in the new democracy. The sense of this complaint is that coloured people continue to feel socially excluded, even under democracy.
The frustration and apathy among the young people of Manenberg affects the local society and results in an extreme rate of deadly crime, domestic and sexual violence, drug abuse and gangsterism.

In a country practising symbolic and structural violence through social exclusion, the alternatives are few for the young men of Manenberg. They continue to live in the periphery of a society heavily informed by the heritage of apartheid. Violence breads violence, and the situation is worsening day by day.
If a democracy is a political – and social - ideology that highlights the rights of every individual in the society, and aims at providing equal rights to education and social welfare, South Africa still has a very long way to go .

http://www.visualisingdemocracy.org/images/stories/vium/thumb/05_Getting_High_s.jpg (http://www.visualisingdemocracy.org/joomla/images/vium/05_getting_high.jpg)

04-28-2007, 06:28 PM
damn g!!!!!!!!!!!!.....................

04-28-2007, 09:25 PM
Leon noted that it was estimated that there are over 130 gangs on the Cape Flats, with a combined membership of about 100 000. He quoted the Institute for Security Studies estimate that up to 70% of all crime on the Cape Flats was caused by criminal gangs.

that's just the cape flats

The Gangs

For young boys living in a socially fragmented community, gangs provide the emotional support that their dysfunctional families often cannot provide (Pinnock, 1998; Dissel, 1997). Being a member of a gang means having an identity and a sense of belonging to these 'surrogate' gang families, providing a feeling of acceptance, power and purpose, which boys on the verge of adolescence and adulthood desperately need.
There are between 60, 000 and 80, 000 gang members in the Western Cape alone, of which approximately 5 000 are residents in the Heideveld/Manenberg area (Leggett, 2004; Pinnock, 1998). Gangs are territorial, and revolve around the drug and alcohol trade within their territories, their communities, in surrounding areas and internationally (Dissel, 1997). Small businesses, vendors and shebeens (an unlicensed establishment selling alcohol) operating in a gang's territory become 'assets', with gangs demanding 'protection money' from businesses to ensure safeguarding against rival gangs.
In Heideveld, children as young as 12 years become involved in street gangs, which are a feeding ground for more established, more structured gangs. While the adults usually control the drugs, younger children are used to carry out tasks. Gang members as young as 14 years old are armed with either firearms or knives and some are prepared to die in order to protect their gangs' territory and their fellow gang members.
Although the gangs terrorize the general community and often make their lives unbearable, there is a powerful allegiance between the community and the gangs - which seems bizarre to 'outsiders'. Community members often 'turn a blind eye' or give misinformation to police whenever a gang related incident has occurred. This is partly because residents fear the consequences of being seen to be reporting to the police; but also because of a mutual dependency and protection between gangs and their families and communities (Leggett, 2004). Indeed, gang bosses sponsor local soccer teams, the 'Kaapse Klopse' groups and feeding schemes (Standing, 2003). These acts of charity can be seen as a way of controlling the community, enabling gangsters to commit crimes without being reported.

Almost half of Cape Town's residents (49,6 per cent) were victims of crime over a five-year period (1993-1997). Cape Town thus has a lower level of victimisation across crime types compared to Johannesburg (63 per cent) and Durban (59 per cent).

i lived in all 3 provinces i seen the worst places & the worst place i ever lived in was hillbrow in johannesburg it's the most dangerous city on earth

05-01-2007, 03:57 AM
Sanac began by adopting the National Strategic Plan for HIV/Aids and ST for 2007-2011. Jeff Radebe, the acting health minister, says this plan includes ambitious targets to reverse the course of HIV/Aids over the next five years. The new Sanac will have its work cut out for it if it wants to achieve its target of reducing HIV infections by 50% by 2011 and with about 800 new infections occurring daily it cannot afford to fail.

Let us not forget the poor on freedom day: Cosatu
http://www.sabcnews.com/article/images/0,1059,41533,00.gif Cosatu says the poor should not be forgotten as Freedom Day is celebrated today
April 27, 2007, 16:00

Millions of South Africans who do not benefit from the country’s political freedom should not be forgotten as South Africa celebrates Freedom Day, the Congress of South African Trade Unions said.

"You cannot really celebrate your 'freedom' if you are unemployed, have no income and have no proper house," the federation said in a statement. "The challenge for the trade unions and society as a whole is to fight to bring the fruits of the 1994 breakthrough to all South Africans. The rights and freedoms promised in the law books must become a living reality in the workplaces and poor communities," Cosatu said.

In the 13 years of democracy, workers had benefited from labour laws and millions of people had moved into new homes, accessed health care, received water and electricity and their children were schooled. "But while we celebrate what we have achieved in 13 years of democracy, and enjoy our holiday on Freedom Day, we should not forget the millions of South Africans who still do not reap all the benefits of our political freedom."

Millions live in poverty
Cosatu said 22 million people lived in poverty, 40% of the working population was unemployed and millions still lived in shacks. "This poor majority of our citizens cannot understand the statements they hear on the radio or read in the papers about our economic boom and the record profits and executives' massive salaries. They have got nothing from this 'success' story and very many who have been retrenched or casualised, are even worse off,” the federation said.

The "much-trumpeted" 500 000 jobs a year were not being created fast enough to halve unemployment by 2014 and were mostly "low-paid, casual, insecure and temporary".

Racism and exploitation were still commonplace, especially on farms, and millions of HIV/Aids sufferers were denied the "fruits of freedom". Laws alone would never win freedom, the federation said.

"The key to winning real and full freedom for workers and their families is for them to have strong, active trade unions, a strong tripartite alliance and civil society formations," it said. - Sapa

05-07-2007, 05:14 PM
Coming clean on Zimbabwe

“John Gweru”: “I opened the boot and there was a trunk that was behind. The other ones were just standing and we were just talking about soccer and girls, I mean the usual stuff, but not about the job. I heard some … some kicking in the trunk. Then there was a voice that was calling. I could tell it is a human being. I could find something like ‘Ndibatsireiwo vana vangu’ … ‘Help me my son’.”

Bongani Bingwa (Carte Blanche presenter): “The voice you have just heard is that of a young Zimbabwean. He can’t be identified, so, we will call him “John Gweru” in the story. John is only 22 years old, but his report on the past two years of his life bears witness to unspeakable, gut-wrenching horror.”

For his own safety we conducted this interview at secret location outside Zimbabwe.

John’s dream was to go to college, but as an orphan the only way for him to get a scholarship was to enrol in the Mugabe government’s National Youth Service.

After a year in a camp like this one, John would receive a certificate making him eligible for a state run college.

So in 2005 he joined thousands of youths in camps across Zimbabwe to learn survival skills and the history of the country.

John was based at Bindura, north of Harare.

Two months into the training John realised something was happening to the more than 60 girls in the group. He saw bite marks on some of the boys in the morning and heard cries coming from the girl’s dorm at night.

Bongani: “And then, John and four of his friends, Lashi, Alexandro, Funghai and Gideon, were called in by their commanders, Mazhongwe, Percy and Hussein. The boys – who were all virgins – were told that to become real men, they will have to have sex with the girls.”

John: “There was a girl that was sitting on the desk. Percy said she used the phone to call outside … it is not allowed so we are going to punish her. You’re supposed to sleep, to have sex with her. Well, at first to me it was like unbelievable. We could not do that. So he took a gun and he said do you know people die here? And I said ‘yes’. This is when I saw that he was serious.”

The boys were taken to a room in the complex. Inside were bags of dagga and some boxes. Commander Mazhongwe rolled a joint and told them to smoke it.

John: “I did that several times. Then he opened a cardboard box. There were packs there, there were pills. He said they were ecstasy … something like that. I swallowed it with water. By then I don’t remember really what I was doing. We went back to the room. I was very dizzy like somebody who was drunk. I’ve drunk beer before then at a school party so I knew what it means to be drunk, but it was a bit weird to me. I got inside and Mazhongwe went and took some hand cuffs. He handcuffed her here on the right hand then he put it on the corner of the desk then he handcuffed another hand there. Then he handcuffed one leg and left the other leg. And that is when Lashi went to her. I saw he was starting to have sex with her. First she was screaming but at the end she…. When I came at first I didn’t want to do that. I never wanted to do that. I don’t know what I was doing. Then Gideon came. At first he didn’t want to do it just like me and then at the end he did. The girl just lay there and we went outside. When we go to the dorm everyone was laughing. They asked us what had happened and then I told them nothing. Hussein came and told me that now you are men. And when I was sleeping I dreamed about my parents and felt like I just needed to go because this was what I never expected. I knew maybe the difficult times were going to come.”

The same night John and his best friend Gideon decided to run away. The camp was heavily guarded and within a hundred metres they were spotted and dragged off to Commander Mazhongwe’s office where they were asked why they were trying to leave.

John: “He laughed at me and said I gave you a woman yesterday and now you are running away from women … going to look for them outside. Then Gideon said ‘no, I am fed-up with you guys … we came here … we wanted a certificate, but now you are telling us we are ZANU-PF because when we came we were told we were neutral’. We were dragged outside. A whistle was blown ... everyone woke up and people were sitting on the ground. Then I was told to come forward. There was a bar that was brought … it was like a goalpost bar, but it was small. I was handcuffed … both hands in the air.”

Bongani: “John was given more than 12 lashes. And then it was Gideon’s turn. But he was defiant and spat in the commander’s face. It was a mistake that would cost him his life.”

John: “And they started beating him … in the head and everywhere, but he kept on saying you are lying to people even if you leave me I’m going to go home and they kept on beating him. When they removed the handcuffs he just fall down. That was the last time I saw him.
And after that I was taken to a room … there was one window … they locked the door. I stayed inside. Nothing came that day. Then the following morning Mr Dube, one of our cooks, he came with a plate of sadza with cabbage. Then he told me that this is your food; do you know where Gideon is? I said ‘no’ and he said ‘he has died and that will teach you a lesson’.”

Bongani: “After the brutal death of his friend, John was completely broken and he submitted to the training without any further protest. The only thing that kept him going was his belief that he would eventually receive the certificate which he was promised when he enrolled for National Youth Service.”

In his exams John achieved high marks for history and party protocol, but instead of receiving a certificate he soon found himself on his way to Harare. It seemed that his instructors had higher ambitions for him and a few of his classmates. They were shown around secret prisons at the headquarters of ZANU-PF and the Central Intelligence Organisation, the CIO. But most shocking was the dungeon on a farm outside Goramonzi.

John: “The guys were there some had brown teeth and their hair was … you know … a lot of hair. They said these guys think they are the A-class. The smart guys, but during DRC war they thought they were smart enough to maybe want to make a coup to the president, but they are not smart … they are here since the DRC war … their parents know they are dead in DRC. And we were also told that some of them were 18 … younger than me … some were 19 or 20, but you see they just looked dirty because of the place they were staying in.”

Back in Harare John wanted to talk about what he had seen, but he was warned to keep quiet.

John: “Lashi said keep quiet. He held my hand and took me to the bathroom. Then he closed the door. He opened some water in the tap so I wondered why he was doing that. Then he said: ‘This room has got detectors. Whatever we say we will be in trouble … they’re everywhere…’ Then I went inside and I knew that we would never ever have time to talk about it and I was afraid because I knew what would happen to me.”

Days later John and his group were on their way to Matabeleland. They’d been given their first assignment … to sabotage the railway line between Harare and Bulawayo. It was one of many exercises they took part in to discredit the MDC.

But their training was far from complete.

Bongani: “Back at the camp in Bindura Commander Mazhongwe summoned them to the interrogation room to be instructed in what was called the three torture techniques: Random beating, beating on a sensitive part of the body and electronic torture.”

John: “One man came .. he was in handcuffs. Then he said this man is a cattle rustler … he stole cattle and he’s been sentenced to 32 years in jail. Whatever you’re going to do with him we don’t care about. Me and Alexandro were told to beat him. I started beating him. I realised later that his feet were black and at first he was crying but at the end he wasn’t really crying. Then the second one came … this one was not shackled. His shackles were removed from his hands. We beat him and he lay on the floor. We kept on kicking him. At the end we just left him.”

John and his comrades were fed gin and dagga by their trainers throughout the torture exercise. By the time they moved on to more sophisticated torture methods all sense of humanity had left them.

One more prisoner was brought in and the group started applying electrical shocks to him.

John: “He started shaking and we kept on doing that to him … changing ... someone was coming in and out. Then he no longer made any movement after Funghai did that. I think it was the eighth or ninth time.”

John doesn’t know the fate of this man.

John: “Another one was brought in. This one we were not told what he had done … he was just put on the desk. Then he was shackled. Mazhongwe asked for a first aid kit … a box that was on the corner. He brought it and opened it. There were pliers, a hammer and screwdriver. He asked the guy: ‘What do you want to choose?’ The guy did not answer. Then he took cardboard sellotape and he put it on his mouth. He started …mmm…mmm… wanting to make some noise, but it was closed and Mazhongwe … he caught his ear and plugged it. He removed a chunk. All of a sudden there was blood. He got one of his balls and then he plugged it. He bleed a lot. Of course I was drunk, but I didn’t laugh then. He didn’t make any movement. He laid there for a while … we were told to remove the other ones. We were told to put them in a lorry and when we slept that night for the first time I knew that maybe I would never get my certificate.”

It finally dawned on John that he and some of the other boys at Bindura had been subsumed into the ranks of the notorious Central Intelligence Organisation, the CIO. It was a point of no return.

Bongani: “They had been conditioned and desensitised to ever increasing acts of violence, which at the same time bonded them together in shared fear. Their handler, Sibanda, realised that John and his comrades were ready for the final test.”

In October last year John’s group was given a car and send west to Kariba. There they would find a boat and on board would be an envelope containing a key and further instructions.

Along the way they stopped for a cool drink and that’s when they heard the voice calling from the trunk in the boot of the car.

John: “We tried to move the trunk, but it was closed. I started looking for keys, but Alexandro said: ‘No, I was instructed that the keys are in Kariba.’ We then closed the boot. Lashi by now was driving fast.”

They found the key for a boat, a bag of cement and further instructions in Kariba.

John: “Before reading the instructions he came to the trunk. We lifted it out of the car. By then we could not hear any noise. We opened the first keys … then we opened the second one. There was an old man inside there and some of his knuckles … you could see some bones. And he bled a lot with the blood that was inside. His ear was torn like what Mazhongwe did to the other guy, but he was not any of those guys that I’ve met before. His mouth and his tongue were cut and when we opened up he breathed two or three times and he said: ‘Ndibatsireiwo vana vangu’ (May you help me my children). We all kept quiet for a while. Alexandro opened the envelope … he just said ‘shit’. Then I said: ‘I can’t do this.’ Then he said when we were coming, ‘Look at your back. I saw a car … there is somebody in that tree behind you.’ Then I wanted to look and he said, ‘Don’t look now … just look slowly.’ When I looked there was somebody with something like a camera or binoculars who was in the tree. So he said we just have to do it then.”

So the group started mixing the cement with the sand on the shore of Lake Kariba.

John: “Soon after that we lifted the trunk … we put it in the boat. Then Lashi got in … into the river. We were told to drop the trunk 50 metres inside the river. Yeah, that’s what happened.”

Bongani: “After this John decided to run away. His opportunity came during the Christmas break last year. While doing guard duty at a government minister’s residence he stole top-secret documents and went into hiding.”

In January he crossed the border into Botswana with R900 in his pocket, hitchhiked through the Kalahari Desert to Windhoek in Namibia and on to the coastal town of Luderitz where he found work as a brick maker at a building site.

Bongani: “But it wasn’t going to be that easy to get out of the grip of Zimbabwe’s CIO. One day in March John returned to his lodgings and found his room ransacked and the documents he had stolen, missing. His past had caught up with him.”

At the end of March John went back to Windhoek where he made contact with a journalist and several human rights organisations.

John: “Maybe one day I’ll die … maybe tomorrow you won’t find me again … or one day I’ll have my family. Would you tell that to your kids? No you can’t … you’ll live with until you die. What I always asked for is God to forgive me in anything that I have done. Yeah, I always pray to God that he will forgive me … that is what I always ask for. That’s where I always find solace … that’s it … I will live with it for the rest of my life.”

John is still in hiding and his future remains uncertain.

05-07-2007, 08:52 PM
hillbrow is crazy as fuck for sho..one of my fav places to be though was pretoria...love that city...yo Ramesh,do they still show generations and Jam alley in South Africa??

05-08-2007, 05:09 AM
i think generations still play not to sure about jam alley
i don't really watch tv only program i watch is smallville somtimes
hillbrow is crazy as fuck over there cats hijack buildings

05-08-2007, 12:58 PM
16 Pics & Full Video] The Songs they Sing about Killing WhitesHere is the full version of the 12 minute documentary, "The Songs they Sing". I strongly recommend the viewing of this because it contains much historical footage along with translations.

Some songs have english words in them, and you will hear exactly what they are singing about. There is the "axe song" where they talk about chopping down the whites. They also sing about killing their black political opponents. However the songs generally are about killing whites.

You will also hear the original version of the "Kill the Boers" song. Interestingly, when Afrikaners tried to have the words "Kill the Boers" stopped because it is racist (not to mention it incites hatred), it was defended (successfully) in court by saying that it is part of ANC "tradition!". So the words "Kill the Boers" is NOT considered RACIST!

Our aspirant President-to-be, Jacob Zuma personally leads sing songs at every political rally in 2006, with his favourite song "My Machinegun".

I don't think there is a country in the world where this type of singing is done by Presidents, Members of Parliament, etc out in the open... and where it passes by as "normal behaviour".

This is the incitement of racial hatred. Yet, it goes on in S.Africa to this day! You will see men and women, the young and the old, singing these songs.

Should it be any wonder, with words like "Kill the Boers" that almost 2,000 of our white commercial farmers have been murdered since the 1990's? Is it any wonder that criminals torture white people and gang rape women before killing them? The black children... tiny little black boys and girls all sing these songs. Prominent politicians and whole crowds sing these songs.

If this is not the incitement to racial hatred and white genocide then I don't know what is.

I have created a high and low resolution version of the documentary for download. The Low Res version is 13.5Mb in size. It can be downloaded here:-
http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_low.wmv (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_low.wmv)
The High Res version is 30.6Mb in size and can be downloaded here:-
http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_high.wmv (http://www.africancrisis.org/Movies/The_Songs_They_Sing_Full_high.wmv)

Here are a few photos from the 12 minute documentary.







Here we see a huge crowd. The red and black flag of the South African Communist party can be seen in the foreground. The hammer and sickle is clearly visible.




Here they are singing about the white leaders of the country.





Here is a political funeral. You can see the yellow and green ANC (African National Congress) flag, and next to it, the red and black flag of the South African Communist party. The hammer and sickle is clearly visible. (Do you see now what we meant when we said there were Communists running around in this country?)


A closeup...


The Axe song... about chopping down the whites who lead the country...



If white people weren't so racist all this terroism/ violence backlash wouldn't happen.

You mean to tell me that you caged up a group of people for 200 plus years in thier own country and didn't expect them to bust your ass when they get out.

white ppl should leave south africa, they've only fucked it up.

and don't say anything about it being rich cuz of them because the blacks there are some of the poorest in the world, and are the majority of the country.

05-09-2007, 01:07 PM
we loosing alot of our qualified white people because of crime & we need them
we all south africans & the land is for all of us

05-09-2007, 01:13 PM
we loosing alot of our qualified white people because of crime & we need them
we all south africans & the land is for all of us

except the white people.

05-10-2007, 08:39 AM
Tigers Don't Cry

In recent months, the country has been rocked by a series of tragic suicides and family murders, committed by members of the South African Police Service. This week Special Assignment looks at some of the factors that could drive an ordinary cop to snap.
South Africa has one of the highest rates of violence and crime in the world. In the fight to keep order, the police are right in the line of fire. It is life-threatening and dangerous work and one police or traffic official is murdered every 37 hours. The police also witness the horror of death and injury on a regular basis. This can result in profound psychological damage, called post-traumatic stress disorder. Experts say that the police are exposed to trauma so regularly that the condition can become virtually untreatable.

Michael Mogwane is one such policeman. He gave his everything to the police – but his work left him permanently psychologically disabled. He now lives a life of fear, haunted by flashbacks of scenes of death and mutilation he witnessed during his years with the police. He can’t sleep, and became violent and unpredictable – assaulting his family and members of society, people he was expected to protect.
But what is of most concern is that the SAPS seem reluctant to retire these people on grounds of ill-health. Instead they are given stress leave but are then expected to return to work, where they have full access to loaded firearms.

For the boysIn December 2005 Dion Edwards was arrested for a traffic offence allegedly committed seven years earlier. For two nights he was jailed in the holding cell at the Port Shepstone Police Station. While inside, he was gang-raped.
Dion’s ordeal could have happened to anyone. The South African constitution underscores the inherent right of every person to dignity. But in our holding cells and prisons that basic human right is being destroyed. Experts estimate that up to 80% of male inmates suffer abuse - much of it sexual. In fact male rape behind bars is entrenched in prison culture. It is perpetrated with impunity by prison gangs as a form of punishment, power and control. Selecting a victim is not based on age, race, category of crime, innocence or guilt. The principal prerequisite is that the victim is vulnerable. It is an open secret muzzled into silence through the victims’ fear and shame, the perpetrators’ arrogance and the authorities’ indifference.
Special Assignment investigates male rape behind bars and the manner in which sexual violence has become ritualised into prison gang culture. The programme explores the rationale behind male rape and the brutal consequences for both perpetrators and victims. ‘For the boys’ examines the blurred boundaries that sometimes develop between men who have been sexually abused in prison and those who commit sexual offences in society. The programme also tackles the patterns of sexual violence that may begin in juvenile places of safety and continue in prison.
Although the Sexual Offences Bill says otherwise, rape is not gender-specific. Unless this silent epidemic is effectively confronted, South African jails and prisons will continue to serve as safe havens for thousands of serial rapists.

05-10-2007, 08:53 AM
crazy shit

06-19-2007, 08:40 PM
Statistics show that children as young as six are sexually active in KwaZulu-Natal. Over 2000 schoolgirls fell pregnant over the last two years in Gauteng, while in the Eastern Cape one high school alone reported 26 pregnant schoolgirls in 2005.
That schoolgirls are falling pregnant is not a new phenomenon – but the rate at which they are doing so has increased.
This week Special Assignment meets concerned parents, learners and young mothers to discuss the link between child support grants and teenagers falling pregnant.http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/20060725i.jpg
We talk to the community of Matimatolo in rural KwaZulu-Natal where parents admit that there is a link between teenagers falling pregnant and the child support grant. In Bergville, KZN, we visit a pay point where child support grants are being paid out and speak to several young mothers. Many tell us that they spend the grants on themselves.
We also highlight the problem of mixed messages that are sent out about contraception and HIV-Aids. We meet “Focus on the Family”, an NGO preaching abstinence in schools. They encourage primary school kids to sign pledges that they will abstain from sex until they get married. They also propagate the notion that kids shouldn’t use condoms because condoms won’t protect them.
Perhaps more disturbing were comments from learners of Beverly Hills in Sebokeng – a high school ranked second in Gauteng for its high rate of teenage pregnancy. A young father clearly said he doesn’t use a condom and still prefers skin-on-skin sex because the girls he sleeps with don’t have Aids. If they had the virus he said he would feel it in his blood.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/20060725ii.jpgSchoolgirls in Sebokeng talk about why they shy away from using contraceptives, including condoms. They also admit that they don’t use child support grants exclusively for their children – but often spend the money on themselves buying clothes and other goods.

Everyday 6 to 7 million people travel on Metrorail. It is a vital mode of transport for the poor, yet the trains they board are unsafe and unreliable. The Metrorail system is in many areas virtually collapsing due to government’s ongoing under-funding of the service. It means that passengers risk death and injury simply getting to work. Recently, the country was shocked by the brutal murder of over 20 people, who were thrown off moving Metrorail trains. http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/traina.jpgAllegedly they were security guards killed for failing to support the SATAWU strike. This turned a spotlight on the many ordinary people who have been killed while travelling on Metrorail, or who were maimed and disabled after falling off trains… simply because the doors didn’t close.
Five years ago twenty-year-old Juan van Minnen was stabbed to death on his way home to Fishoek, Cape Town. At the time, there was no security at the station or on the train. The loss of his son spurred Les van Minnen on to form the Rail Commuter Action Group. This group of angry commuters from the Western Cape took Metrorail to court, trying to force it to take responsibility for its passengers. They went all the way to the Constitutional Court which in 2004, ruled that Metrorail is responsible for commuter safety and security. Everyone believed that Metrorail would act in good faith and that people would start to see improvements to the system. But the ruling hasn’t brought any of the changes the Action Group hoped for. Instead Metrorail has instituted court case after court case, seemingly to evade its responsibilities. http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/trainb.jpgThe situation on trains and at stations now is much the same as it was years ago - if not worse. Signals frequently don’t work, trains take off with doors open, passengers cling to the outside of coaches.
As we gear up for the 2010 World Cup, we question whether Metrorail will be able to cope.

Much is made of crime in urban areas and on farms, but seldom considered is what happens in rural villages, where the suffering caused by horrendous acts of violence has a profound effect on communities.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/pumza.JPGThis Tuesday, Special Assignment travels to the Eastern Cape, where villagers of the Ngqushwa district feel they are at the mercy of criminals. They say rapists and murderers are rarely apprehended, not least because police lack resources and investigative skills.
In June, 40-year-old Thembisa Hanise was attacked, robbed and set alight in her home in the village of Qamnyana. In Hamburg, 35 year old Pumza Gusha was axed to death, while her two young daughters slept in a room next door.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/thembisa.JPGWorkers at the Peddie Women’s Support Centre, an NGO, say they are seeing increased levels of violence, directed at women and girl children. A visit to the area by Safety & Security Minister Charles Nqakula did little to ease the situation, says director Fezeka Mantakana. “It didn’t help because there were cases that he left the police to investigate, but there is nothing happening… it’s worrying.”
Villagers say they used to be able to send their children on errands from one village to another. “But now we daren’t” says traditional healer Bulelani Sikundla.
“We may not see them again.”
Twenty-year old Nolonwabo Koshe disappeared while running an errand for her mother. Her bones were found in the veld more than a year later. The body of 5-year-old Anelisa Gxaweni was found in a grain sack in a shallow dam; the severed head of 15-year old Vuyokazi Ndlakuhlola was discovered in her school bag; while a goatherd found his dog eating the remains of 19-year-old Thembisa Ngadlele. Her devastated father says he knows exactly who killed her and where he lives, but that the police don’t have the know-how or the inclination to do a proper investigation.

06-19-2007, 08:50 PM
South Africans are living in fear, fear of the violence that all too often accompanies even a “straightforward” robbery or mugging. The recent spike in the crime rate has added to already high levels of anxiety among ordinary South Africans.
Special Assignment spent a weekend at Joburg General Hospital, not far from Hillbrow, the epicentre of violent crime in the city. Here we meet an overworked, dedicated medical team led by Dr Goosen. He says roughly 60 percent of the 2000 severe injuries that they admit a year are the result of either gunshot wounds or stabs.
Crime analysts say the vast bulk of robberies involve threats rather than actual violence. But recently one such incident turned violent. Clay Pierre-Louis, a Qatar Airways manager, was driving on the N1 in Johannesburg near the Rivonia off-ramp. He was on his way to meet friends when he got lost. He was shot twice in the head and only his cell phone was stolen.


This Tuesday Special Assignment returns to the streets of Cape Town to follow up our recent investigation into paedophiles preying on the city’s street children. We expose some of the “bunnies” who have abused both girl and boy children, seemingly with impunity. City officials, NGOs and the police are aware of the problem. But to date, very little has been done to secure the rights of street children and to take action against these sexual predators. As a result Cape Town is becoming a paedophiles’ paradise – a twenty-four hour a day red light district where the street children can literally be picked up off the streets at will and whim.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/060912ii.JPGMany of the children have run away from dysfunctional families, where poverty, unemployment and domestic abuse are rife. They see the city as an escape from deprivation. But these children soon become sucked into the city’s sordid underbelly, lured by paedophiles to perform sexual acts with adults in exchange for money or drugs. The damage inflicted on these children is incalculable.
Even if they are not physically harmed, they are “seduced” into associating kindness with sex, in very much the same way that a stray http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/060912i.JPGcat will follow the person who offers it food and affection. The children become confused about their sexual identity and angry because they feel humiliated and stripped of their dignity. Many of them act out their rage in destructive ways: through self abuse and violence perpetrated on others. Consequently the street children of today are in danger of becoming the violent adult criminals of tomorrow.

Silent criesGirls as young as 12 years are having multiple abortions – without their parents’ consent. This week a Special Assignment investigation reveals that many teenagers regard termination of pregnancy as another form of contraception and disregard the consequent dangers of HIV infection.
We follow four girls as they enter clinics and prepare for their procedures. They tell us why they have opted for abortions and how they feel going through with them. While two of the girls are still in high school, the other two are university students. Out of the four girls, two are repeat cases.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/061114.jpgSince the Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Act was passed in 1996, the demand for abortions has increased. Last year about half a million pregnancies were terminated in South Africa.
According to the Act, a pregnant woman who asks for an abortion cannot be turned down. 72 000 teenagers missed school last year because they were pregnant. From our investigation it would seem that many underage girls are successfully exploiting two loopholes in the Act. Firstly they don’t need permission from their parents to get abortions, and secondly, the Act doesn’t stipulate how many abortions a woman can have in her lifetime.
We visited a clinic in Nobody, a rural village near Polokwane where more than 8 abortions are performed daily – most of the clients being teenagers. At Mankweng Hospital in Polokwane we interviewed a doctor in the gynaecology ward who says it’s true that most of their clients use termination of pregnancy as a contraceptive. Dr McNeil adds that these teenagers are not afraid of contracting HIV/Aids because their only concern is not to remain pregnant for nine months.
At a private abortion clinic in Gauteng, Sister Lillian says it is scary how many teenagers queue daily, requesting second and third abortions. She blames the problem on the fact that many black children have abandoned their culture and now follow other groups’ beliefs. At a Y-Centre in Orange Farm we attend a discussion organized by the youth where they discuss teenage pregnancy. Boys bring out the fact that women- empowerment strategies like “take a girl to work” will fail unless the mindsets of boys change. They say girls do whatever the boys want because they are afraid of losing them.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/061114ii.jpgIn Duduza, a member of Doctors for Life, Dr Eva Seobi speaks out. She feels the medical profession has been raped: how can they be expected to protect life but on the other hand take life? She takes us through post-abortion complications such as smelly discharges, depression and scarred wombs. She believes child abuse happens because women have been hardened and don’t care anymore.
We question why it is legal for a girl of 10 to have an abortion without parental consent, while it is illegal for a girl of 15 to undergo virginity testing without consent? The Commission on Gender Equality’s chairperson Joyce Seroke gives us answers. CGE believes abortion empowers women while they are against virginity testing because they say it degrades women and invades their privacy. But in KwaZulu-Natal we visit a village in Bergville where children are happy to be tested: parents send them to the testers without coercing them – contradicting what the CGE says happens.

This Tuesday, Special Assignment looks at the global problem of alcohol abuse and specifically how it affects the crime rate in South Africa .
According to the World Health Organization, we have the dubious distinction of having one of the highest levels of alcohol consumption per drinker in the world. We also have one of the highest crime rates in the world and one of the highest road accidents rates in the world. The connections cannot be ignored.

http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/20061010i.jpg“There are many illegal guns in Soweto”, says Bill, who claims to be a robber and hijacker. “The Government doesn’t give us jobs, so we try to make a living with guns… if you give me money, I’ll get you a gun… you can do the job, then later bring it back… or you can buy one at the hostels.”
At Dube hostel in Soweto, we bought a firearm called a Protector, with a 12-round magazine. It cost a thousand rand, which is probably what it would cost new, but security experts say the fact that the firearm isn’t traceable adds value on the black market.
The Black Gun Owners Association says some of its members are opting for illegal firearms because their applications for gun licences are being turned down. But there is no long-term research to say that this is actually happening.
The only thing we were able to prove is that there are plenty of firearms for sale on the black market.
http://www.sabcnews.com/specialassignment/images/20061010ii.jpgIn Alexandra were bought a 9mm parabellum for R1 100 ($142.85), and a Baby Browning and ammunition for R500 ($64.93). In the Eastern Cape, which recorded the highest murder rate in the country in the past year, our team was offered a 9mm, a point 2.2 revolver, a hand grenade, an R4 rifle and a pistol. Most of these weapons have been circulating since the disbandment of the Transkei Defence Force.
The documentary entitled “Guns For Sale” is a startling look at just how easy it is to buy the weapons used in the robberies, heists and hijackings that are crippling our society.