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lord patch
05-03-2007, 01:09 AM
Qathafi Says Africa Should Have Continental Army
Posted: 04/06
From: Sudanjem

Libyan leader Muammar Qadhafi urged Africa to form a unified continental army to defend its interests, and he said former colonial powers should pay compensation for the raw materials they had extracted.

In a fiery speech at a military parade in Dakar marking Senegalís National Day, Qadhafi said African nations had the right to demand reparations from their former colonial masters for the diamonds, gold and other resources they had "pillaged".

Military and political unity would help Africa resist any attempts to re-colonise it, the Libyan leader said.

"If we manage to unify all of Africaís armies in a single army, Africa will have such power," Gadhafi said, wearing a double-breasted white jacket with medal ribbons pinned on the left and a green outline of Africa emblazoned on the right.

"We must be strong so as not to be an easy prey for the colonisers," said the Libyan leader, standing beside Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade who was sworn in for a second term in office on Tuesday after winning elections last month.

While Gadhafi advocated a mighty African army, a top African Union official in Sudan appealed for better logistical support and weapons for the struggling, overstretched AU peacekeeping force serving in Sudanís violence-torn Darfur region.

Gadhafi, who often portrays himself as a champion of African unity, said the thousands of Africans who tried to migrate to Europe each year were merely following the route of the natural riches shipped out of Africa by European ex-colonial powers.

"Today, they contest our departure for Europe, they say itís illegal migration ... after they came from Europe and elsewhere to occupy Africa ... was that legal?" he added, speaking through an interpreter.

"They have left us in poverty. They have carried off our resources and raw materials to their countries ... so we want to go after them, or they should send them back ... in the form of compensation for their colonisation of Africa," Gadhafi said.

Suggesting that racism coloured Europeís view of Africa, the Libyan leader added: "Who says white is better than black?".

"Both black and white cows give white milk," he said, before finishing his speech with a revolutionary slogan borrowed from the guerrilla legend Che Guevara: "The struggle continues. Ever onwards unto victory!".



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Qathafi to the African Union summit: pace of progress not satisfactory
Regional-Libya, Politics, 7/5/2005

Here follows are Libyan Leader Muammar Al-Qathaf's speech to the African Union summit yesterday as provided by The Libyan official news agency JANA:

In the name of your brothers, Libyans I have the pleasure to welcome you, leaders of the African Union and guests from all continents of the world and from all the international and regional organisations. We are honoured to have you with us today at the inauguration of the Fifth Ordinary Summit of the African Union.

I welcome you in the city of Sirte which the Libyans call the frontline city because it was confronting the colonial onslaughts and Sirte resisted several colonial campaigns aimed at the heart of Africa since the Roman, Byzantine, Turkish and Italian colonial eras, alongside other incursions by the vandals who were seeking to penetrate deep into the African continent. Sirte was always the first line of defence against those campaigns.

Leaders of the great African Union: let us remember that five years have now passed since the union was established and I want you to take note that these five years are not short in the current calculation of the passage of time. I would say that the pace at which were moving during those five years was not satisfactory. This is one of the concerns about Africa which makes the African people feel frustrated that the union which is supposed to achieve their aspirations has slid into the same mire which engulfed the Organisation of African Unity.

Some of the unions institutions have yet to be established, namely the African Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund and the court of the African Union. Now we should put an end to this and assume our historical responsibilities. These institutions should be there. If any country has voluntarily offered to host those institutions and was not able to do that they should give way to any other member state to host an institution which has yet to be established.

We compete to host union institutions and this is something positive but sometimes we don't bear our responsibilities to do what we should vis a vis these institutions on which we pin great hopes for the African Union.

As stated in Article 3, Section B the objectives of the union include safeguarding its integrity and independence. We put this in the statute and the people ratified it. But what does this mean? What have we done to defend the sovereignty of the member states and their integrity and independence. We are in need of a means of defence. We promulgated the Security and Defence Charter and it was a great achievement but this should not be only paper - there should be a mechanism for its implementation. Who should preside over the African Peace and Security Council? Who should be the commander of the African Peace Keeping Forces and who decides on the deployment of these troops when there is a need for them to be deployed, as the third statute decrees.

Who implements the Joint Security and Defence Charter. We are in dire need for the defence minister to implement this?

In section C the Constitutive Act calls for the speeding up of the social and economic integration of African. We put that in the statute but we did not put it into practise. Acceleration is on - we should speed up the social, economic and political integration. Why did we write the word 'acceleration' - because there was a need to speed up the social, political and economic integration. The following paragraph of the statute says preparing a conducive environment for the continent to play an appropriate role in the world economy at an international negotiations but how can we prepare the continent to play such a role in the international economy when, for example, Gambia is negotiating with the giant blocs on an individual basis, along with Tunisia, Libya, Djibouti and so on. What are we going to achieve? What weight do these states have vis a vis the huge markets and great blocs: China, Japan, Nafta, Kafta or Euro.

A collective means is required to achieve this. Therefore we have to appoint a minister for foreign trade who can negotiate with the major blocs in the world on behalf of the one African market. This market should have its fair share of competition in international organisations. We are a big consumer and producer market but who represents it now? We are doing that individually. There is a need to express ourselves collectively. Therefore there is no alternative but to appoint a minister of foreign trade who can collect Africa's exports, no matter how small. When they are brought together they will become huge when they are placed on the international markets. All of Africa's orders must be collated, no matter how small. Then they will become huge when they are placed on the market for bidding. Without a minister of foreign trade we cannot play this role which was stipulated by the Constitutive Act.

The fourth article of the statute speaks about devising a joint defence policy for the continent. We have worked out a charter for security and defence and the peace and security council. But the two need a defence minister to achieve this policy. We laid down the general policy which needs somebody to implement it. We have to have a federal defence minister because such a minister will oversee and lead the council of peace and security. We have to have peace keeping forces to intervene when necessary and military industries and military training to carry out those missions. All of this has to be under the supervision of the federal minister. Who will oversee this now? No one.

We have to remember during this summit the shortfalls of the Organisation of African Unity which was in place from 1963 - 2000. During its 40 year life span this organisation did not achieve anything. We meet every year without achieving anything which is needed by the African people. I hope that we will not find ourselves in a situation where we again squander our opportunities and lose out like the Organisation of African Unity.

Fifteen years have no passed since the treaty of Abuja, the African Economic Community. That treaty which stipulated that something would be achieved in the first year and something else would be achieved in the following year for a period of 15 or 20 years. Fifteen years have elapsed but we are not coming any closer to the implementation of the treaty which created the economic bloc.

When we sensed that the Organisation of African Unity had failed the regional groups started to form and the existing regional groups are were formed because the Organisation of African Unity failed. This is what Nikroma warned about since 1963 and I see it is appropriate to quote some words from his speech of 1963 in which he predicted what we are going through now. Had we heeded his advice at that time Africa would now be like the United States of America or at least close to it. But we did not heed his advice, and even worse we ridiculed those predictions. So we are still standing in the same place we were in in 1963.

Nikroma said:"I warned in Addis Ababa that unless we unite as soon as possible under one government there will be incidents over borders and our people in their desperate attempt for a better standard of living will rebel against the revolutionary authority and saviour of the people."

This is exactly what happened. All revolutionary authorities were overthrown. We have problems over borders. If we made one step forward the enemies made several steps and our weakness is growing and widening and benefiting our enemies. Subsequently conditions in Africa will be conducive to the neo-colonialists. This is what Nikroma said.

The call to achieve African unity gradually means the sacrificing of Africa on the altar of neo-colonialism. Nikroma said:"Then the time and place were overcome and are no longer considered an obstacle." This is the speech Nikroma made in 1968. What about now in the third millenium. Nikroma also says unless you are able to establish bigger industrial complexes in Africa and this can only be achieved collectively we will be in a situation where we are forced to leave our cultivation to the mercy of the foreign cash crop markets and face the same instability which followed the overthrowing of the colonialists.

What is the point of building capacities, training farmers and providing machines and even the capital for development if we cannot guarantee a fair price and an accessible market. Who is going to provide this? You cannot do that unless you are supported by a unified negotiating position, a single market and one minister of foreign trade and a single export policy along with a unified customs and one tariff.

What did the farmers gain from political independence if they are not guaranteed worthwhile earnings and a better standard of living. This is true. Then he says that African unity is the only way to heal the wounds of the cross border conflicts between neighbouring states. Nikroma says the remedy for these illnesses is within our grasp, staring us in the face at every customs post between two African countries. Nikroma said that this wound is found at every barrier. We have to be united. We do not have to compromise our sovereignty, in large and small matters.

He means that those countries who are using their sovereignty as a pretext to undermine African unity. But their sovereignty was undermined and threatened by a lack of African unity. We have to unite but we do not have to compromise our sovereignty and we can now reach a political union based on defence. Look at what Nikroma was demanding since 1963 regarding common issues like defence, foreign affairs, citizenship, currency and a central bank. The central bank was an issue for which Nikroma campaigned since 1963. We have to unite in order to achieve total liberation for our continent. We need a mutual defence system with a supreme leadership to guarantee peace and stability in Africa. These are sound predictions.

Nikroma says there is no chance for an independent African country today to follow an independent path of economic development. Those of us who have tried to do that were destroyed and forced to return to the framework of the old colonial rule. There is no African state which can afford to be independent or become a target for re-colonisation. This situation cannot be changed unless we have a coherent and just policy on the level of the continent. The first step towards that is by creating an integral economy and a unified monetary zone. Our proposals since 1963 contain one voice for Africa, a single currency, an African monetary zone, an African central bank, a continental communication system. These are the words of Nikroma in 1963. His words were brushed aside and Africa paid the price.

The average African has paid a price in the form of subjugation to disease, exploitation, backwardness and blackmail.

Dear brothers, we cannot compare the age in which we live with past ages because the missions we are able to undertake now take less time than before. To explain this a year in the past now equals 24 days because scientific calculations say that what could once be done in a year can now be done in 24 days. So a month equals two days a day equals one and half hours. What you can do in a day you should do in an hour. And half a week now equals ten and a half hours. So what you could carry for a distance of one kilometre in the past, be it something solid, liquid or even human beings and needs a year to transport can now be done in 24 days. What once took a month to carry now only takes two days. Now what we did in a quarter of an hour in those times can now be done in just one minute. So what was an hour is now four minutes and a day is an hour and a half and a month is only 45 hours. So time has changed with regard to air transport. A month now equals one hour. So if you are travelling from Sirte to the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Town or Pretoria or Johannesburg takes ten to twelve months on foot. Now you can do it in then hours. And our brother Mbeki has arrived from South Africa in ten hours. If that distance was done by old calculations he would have arrived in Sirte after one year.

A person who took a month to do a job can now do it in one hour. So a month equals one hour in air transport terms. And a year equals 12 hours and a day two minutes. What we previously did in a day can now be done in two minutes.

In the field of communications a year equals two minutes. If I am to send a letter to my brother Obsanjo in Abuja in the past it would take me five months to get the message through. Now I only need one minute to pick up the phone and call him. If we did not take these calculations into account we would be lost and we would be ignorant of the age in which we live. We have to find a way out of the cycle of failure which was confronted by the Organisation of African Unity and could be faced by the African Union.

I warn against this cycle and I think the solution is to decide to authorise and the means and responsibilities. Who is responsible? Is it President Konari? Who will he be answerable to? Is it the president of the union. And who in turn would he be accountable to? Is it the parliament? Is it the commission? Is it the union council? Is it the executive council? We should not copy the old style where responsibilities were not defined. The president of the union is now a nominal one and he has no authority. He has to be there in a ceremonial or non ceremonial role. There has to be a president for the union but in reality he is ceremonial and has no legal authority. He cannot issue any decree which is binding on all the countries of the African Union.

There is no one responsible for foreign affairs. This union has a foreign policy and who should be responsible for it? What are the means for implementing the union's foreign policy. And who is the foreign policy accountable to. What is the means through which the foreign policy of the African Union can be implemented?

Foreign countries have an assistant foreign minister for African affairs but Africa has no minister of its own. This is funny. There are countries who have an assistant defence minister for African affairs and Africa has no defence minister of its own. We have examples of this in the United States and Japan from which we could have guests with us today. We could have honourable guests with us here.

I mean who is responsible for the following institutions: The African Court of Justice, the Central Bank, the African Monetary Fund, the African Investment Bank, the Cultural, Economic and Social Council. The council of commissioners was appointed in accordance with the five provinces who have authorities because the commissioner himself has no authority. We have a commissioner for defence and security. Did we ever hear of him? Do we know his name? Did we see his picture? Did he play any role in the deployment of forces? Did he mobilise peace forces? Did he train Africa forces on peace-keeping missions? Was he in Darfour? Was he on the Ethiopian-Eritrean border? Was he on the Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone and Liberia? Was he in the Great Lakes area? Is he part of any decision-making? Or was he there at all?

The Executive Council is one of the important tools of the African Union. It consists of foreign ministers and it can well be a council of foreign ministers under the chairmanship of the union's foreign minister but not an executive council for all African affairs. Foreign ministers are conversant with diplomatic policy only and they should be responsible for it as a foreign council chaired by a federal foreign minister. They should not be responsible for any matters apart from this or outside their sphere of competence. Who is responsible for the African satellite, KAFF? Who is responsible for African Airways? Who is responsible for African civil aviation? Who is responsible for the railways? Who is responsible for roads which link parts of Africa? No one. There has to be someone who is responsible for this on the federal level. There has to be a minister for transport and communication.

We do not accept diminished sovereignty and interference in our internal affairs from others and in the name of the unity of Africa. If we speak about the unity of Africa we will say 'no' because this contravenes our national sovereignty. But our national sovereignty is violated and threatened by the lack of African unity. That is why we agree to compromise our sovereignty to foreign powers and we accept this as a matter of fact. But when we talk about compromising any part of our collective sovereignty which is the sovereignty of the African Union we will say 'no' - we will not compromise our sovereignty. We have sovereignty without unity. We have to assert that the national sovereignty is intact and there is no compelling reason to tackle it unless any national state requests that. And if this is for the benefit of the national state than we should decide the common grounds and the strategic aspects at the level of the continent.

You are free to run your country with a parliament or a cabinet and security apparatus but the union will intervene unless you seek its help. But these strategic matters are meant to ease the burden on the national state. If the union assumes the job of running and maintaining airports, seaports, railways and highways it is a great thing for the nation state because it has somebody who relieves the burden of doing these things. It can rely on the union.

Generally speaking there is no official who assumes the job of implementing these policies at the union level. And there is no official who is responsible for implementing federal decisions on the national level. Who should be entrusted to do this on the national level? We have yet to find a solution to this dilemma? Who is responsible for the union's affairs in each national state? There was a minor crisis which was overcome, thanks be to God, and thanks to the efforts of the president of the union the head of the commission and the West Africa Organisation. It was the crisis in Togo.

The president of the union in West Africa and the head of the commission in East Africa, one in Abuja and the other in Addis Ababa were dealing with the Togo issue to the extent that they were addressing each other through news agencies and we all heard about this. What was said live, on air should have been said privately by the offices of the two on the premises of the leadership of the union. They were obliged to address one another through the air waves because they were in a different place. A stop should be brought to this even if it means that the President of Ethiopia is the President of the Union who stays in the headquarters in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian president is the president of the union and the commission is close to him. If you have another president the commission should be transferred with him.

We called for the united African states for 100 years since the 1900s. Our model was the United States of America, not Europe. The Africans especially the immigrants are those who undertook the initiative. They were calling for the establishment of the united states of Africa and they saw their model in the United States of America. They did not depict Europe as a model at all because the European model cannot be replicated in Africa.

We are one poor nation and Europe consists of classes: huge capitalists and poor unemployed people. Africa has its own characteristics: one nation and an isolated continent. There are several spaces and continents which we call Asia. There are several continents in Asia. Europe consists of several nations but we have our own characteristics. We are standing on solid ground. Maybe there are those who say it is too early. We should move gradually. We have been moving gradually for 100 years. Now we are standing on a solid ground of achievements on the path of change. The first call for unity was made during the 1900s when the African League which was called by the famous African lawyer Sylvester. We put a poster and brief about his life in the halls and corridors. The call for African unity was made more than 60 years ago since the Conference of Manchester held by Nikroma, John Kenyata and the African trade unionist Johnston.

Once upon a time there was unity between Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi. They were united by colonialism itself. Northern Rhodesia and southern Rhodesia and Niasland which is Malawi. We all know the Monrovian assembly which brought together countries with the aim of establishing the United States of Africa. They drew up a charter for the union and a charter for defence and an economic co-operation agreement and a union for post and telecommunications. They did this in 1966 and they made diplomatic agreements and an agreement for space and law and freedom of residence and transfer of property and banks.

I mean we go back to the beginning, we return to the first square. There was a union between Ghana, Guinea and Mali - a union of African countries, a nucleus for the African united states. There was a conference of the union, a preparatory committee and a co-ordinating committee for peoples organisations. There was a general African conference for African peoples in Accra in 1958, more than 40 years ago. It consisted of 28 countries calling for the establishment of the united states of Africa. The permanent organisation for African peoples for the establishment of a united states of Africa held its second conference in 1960 in Tunis, the third conference was in 1961 in Cairo. This happened 40 years ago and all this was the work of trade unions which formed a committee to co-ordinate the African trade unions in 1955 in Conakri. The conference of Kotono for African workers was held in 1957. The African regional unionist organisation held its conference in 1959 in Lagos. The General African Unionist Organisation Conference was held in 1959 in Brazeville. The Federal Union of Trade Unionists Conference was held in Casablanca in 1961. It used to have a general conference, an executive council and a general assembly. The Federation of African Trade Unions Conference was held in 1962 in Dakar. The Organisation of African Syndicates Unity brought together 31 countries. The African Youth Movement existed 40 years ago and held conferences in Algiers, Dakar, Benghazi, Brazeville and the African Parliamentary Union was established for more than a quarter of a century.

More than 40 years have now passed and the unionist economic projects were established more than 40 years ago. The African Malagasi Organisation for Economic Co-operation was established in 1961 with 12 member countries. The joint Malagashi African Organisation, the Convention of Tananarif of 1966, the Customs Union for West African nations incorporated seven countries from 1959. The Customs Union for West Africa, the Economic Community for West African Nations, the Convention of Abijan for the Exploitation of the River Gambia, the Convention for the Rights of the Victims of Chad, the Convention for the Anti Drought in Sahel States, the Convention of Lome and the Central Bank of West Africa from 1955, the Organisation for Investment in the River Senegal from 1967, the Economic Union of the River Mau from 1967, the East African Group from 1967 which consists of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda created the Executive Association a cabinet and a legislative council. Then the Economic and Customs Union for Central Africa more than 35 years ago. The Equitorial Customs Union namely Gabon, Central Africa, Cameroon, Chad and Congo, the Economic Group for the Great Lakes Countries, the Bank for Central African Countries was established more than 45 years ago, The African Development Bank was established more than 35 years ago.

The milestones were the Organisation of African Unity which was set up 45 years ago and African Development Bank set up 35 years ago. Then a series of projects and bilateral agreements like Aquas, Dako, Comissea, SENSAD etc which divided Africa into five colonial divisions: north, central and south so as to eliminate the colonial classifications like South Saharan Africa, Black Africa and White Africa.

There are those who make blame African constitutions but why should we do an injustice to African constitutions. They were not there to block African unity. The independent state has to have a constitution but that constitution was not meant to prevent African unity. This is an injustice being inflicted on the peoples and on these documents and this is an erroneous interpretation of the history of their achievements. If we told them from the beginning that those constitutions would obstruct unity they might have found a way out to ensure that those constitutions do not undermine any attempts at African unity.

However constitutions can be amended. They are not revelations especially when they are imported from abroad. These constitutions are not African, they were imported from Europe. The source of laws implemented in this country, Libya, is the Napoleonic law and Roman law. The African constitutions are mere copies of the constitutions of other nations which reflect another reality other than ours. There were amendments to the statutes and they have not been ratified despite the passage of a year, two or even three years. We have already said that what took a year and we have already said what equals a year now. Now there should be emergency or extraordinary sessions to ratify the amendments or anything put forward for ratification by parliaments. The issue of ratification should be given due consideration and should be a priority. How could such matters be over looked?

We have to adapt our lives in a way that is different in terms of social and economic matters but not to reject co-operation with the international community. Such co-operation should be based on mutual benefit and respect. We are being subjected to a double faced phenomenon which is benign on the surface and malicious underneath. I mean there is an attempt to promote proposals aimed at extending support for Africa. But when they are linked to humiliating conditions we don't want humiliation.

If you want to give charity to anybody to a beggar in the street for example you are not going to ask him about his religion or inquire if he is a Muslim. If he is in need of that penny you should give him the money and go. If the aid is conditional and leads to compromises we do not need it. If the aid is connected to intervention about particular cultural practices like circumcision or the prohibition of adultery then we don't need this aid.

They are the ones who need Africa -they need its wealth. Fifty percent of the world's gold reserves are in Africa, a quarter of the world's uranium resources are in Africa and 95 percent of the world's diamonds are also in Africa. A third of crome is also in Africa as is cobalt. Sixty five percent of the world's production of coco is in Africa. Africa has 25,000 kms of rivers. Africa is rich in unexploited natural resources and we were forced to sell these resources cheaply to get hard currency.

We cannot make the future of Africa by begging. Begging cannot make the future of any nation, nor it can make the future of Africa. Begging at the doors of the big 8, 10 or 7 cannot make the future of Africa. We are in need for a plan for our mutual cooperation, and between the big or the small.

We offend Africa when we go to the doors of the big and extend our hands seeking charity. For when we ask for the debts to be alleviated, written off, or rescheduled we subject ourselves to one-hundred insults and we deserve them because we exaggerated the use of debts. By the way, where has the debt's money gone? Those who took the money how did they use it, if they are taken as pay rolls for the army or police, it is a mistake.

You took a loan, to make a project with economic feasibility, and to pay back the installments of the debt to the creditors, we do not need to reschedule nor a grace for the debts or its interests. It is great when you take a loan for a project, the loan is paid back and you end up with a project. When we behalf otherwise, they say those are minority, they need a guardian council, that is why the Guardian Council still existing in the UN until now. This is a vice.

Good governance means there is one grown up and another one nonage? can't every one manage his own affairs? We want a tribal system, we don't want a partisan system. We are free, our circumstances are in this way, forest and desert population know no parties, classes or elections.

We thank Mr. Blair, because he is enthusiastic to offering support to Africa. However, we and Mr. Blair we have not but to go to the door of the big to beg and solicit others to be generous with us with some of their leftover. It is well known that when the rich eats and gets full up he leaves behind leftover, to which the poor go. We together with Blair at the doors of the big, because Britain alone cannot offer such support. Nevertheless, we thank him for offering a proposal to the rich to be generous to the poor. Although, we are not poor, we are rich, the percentages which I cited to you are resources in comparison to world percentages which make Africa a rich continent.

They terrorize us with AIDS and Aids package. AIDS was not discovered in the 80s. It was in existence for hundreds of years and we live with it. It is now exploited, even capitalist companies are trading in Africa's sick and exaggerate this disease. They are trading in the disease? We have an increase in the number of the population, we neither suffer from AIDS problem nor any other problem. We have a 3% increase in the birth rate, no matter what the AIDS does we do not have problem. Yesterday we were 250 millions, today we are 700 millions, tomorrow we will become one billion. Leave AIDS alone, we are not concerned about it, every body dies every day, whether those with AIDS or otherwise. Others die with cancer, mad cow disease, and bird influenza.

Why do not we take loans from non-political international institutions with out humiliating conditions, we should get loans and pay them back, and use such money in economic projects with economic turnover.

We are encountering a pressure for free trade, to allow their goods into Africa, while, we are not allowing our African goods to move freely from one African country into another.

Today, we face a serious problem, high oil prices, and African countries are greatly effected by this issue, I mean some countries may collapse as a result of high oil prices.

We in Africa, have oil, gas and water, we must integrate the African economy, and components of the African economy. They must be integrated. We must integrate oil, water and gas and share these resources. We must make a resolution at the summit, the specialists, and the experts and the economists musty engage to study this problem.

When you come to a state like Libya, and say sell to me oil which price has reached 60 dollars for Libyan "Brent " oil, and say sell it for just 55. There is five dollars back in every barrel and when you calculate them they become millions. The Libyan people would say, this is not allowed.

No harm if your brother gives you water which we need in Libya, they give water from those rivers, and you give them oil. You only have four African countries with no rivers, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The rest thank God, all African countries have rivers. We must take African water for these four dry countries, which do not have even rain. We have oil and gas in Algeria and Libya, these are for you.. These are African wealth. This problem must be studied.

We must not rely on Libya that it must sell oil cheaply, or Algeria to sell a cheap gas or oil. The Algerian people may not allow President Bautaflqa to do so, and the Libyan people may not allow the Secretariat of the General people's Committee for Foreign Liaison and International Cooperation to give away in this way. This is not allowed. The Libyans are delighted by high prices for their oil, but their African brothers are harmed by high oil price, there must be a solution to this problem.

Ever since 1963, we have been talking about one African market. There must be an African market, a stock market. I met in this place with experts, at international level, and I viewed their opinion. They said, there must be an African market, because such embarrassments in inter-African countries would be overcome by the stock market. If it is electronic market it would solve the problem of lack of educated people in Africa. It would also solve the language problem in Africa. It would solve, the intermediaries who jeopardize, and raise the prices at national ordinary African markets.

Studies indicate that money flowing from Africa abroad is 205% of the circulating money. 205% of the circulating bulk of the currency goes out, and 3% of the circulating bulk gets in. This is unreasonable. We must absorb the 205% in an African market.

On the occasion of the presence of our brother Kofie Annan, the UN Secretary General, we tell him, what had been proposed to us was not expanding the Security Council, it was not said in this way. We were told UN reform. The UN means and foremost, the General Assembly, in which all the nations are represented, then means the Guardian Council, the Security Council, and the Social Economic Council, and means the International Court of Justice, it means FAO, UNICEF, UNESCO etc. This is the UN, and its agencies.

When we were told about UN reform, we felt optimistic, we thought the General Assembly which is the UN is the first to be targeted by reform, and we must realize democracy in the UN, i.e. the world parliament.

You have no right to press any state in the world and ask her to make democracy, if we deny democracy at the world head, the world parliament, the General Assembly.

The General Assembly every year records an insult to the nations affiliated to it. Because it is but a decoration, like the Hyde Park in Britain. Tough, they told me that in Hyde Park you can speak as you like. However, at the UN General Assembly you only have five minutes to speak and its resolutions are unbinding.

We have permanent seats at the UN General Assembly, and we do not need new permanent seats.

You told us UN reform, we offered our view and said ok. UN reform means gave the General Assembly the mandate of the Security Council, and its resolutions are binding and responsible for the application of chapter 7 of the UN Charter, and the Security Council be transformed into an executive tool of the General Assembly's resolutions, and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) rules are respected.

Before, the ICJ ruled in the Lockerbie case, saying the Security Council has no jurisdiction in Lockerbie case, yet all resolutions punishing Libya were issued by the Security Council, which is under that ICJ rule has no jurisdictions.

We believe that reform means respect of the resolutions of the ICJ, but lately the reform appears to be just expanding the Security Council.

Let us say from the beginning that it is expanding the Security Council. Therefore, abolishing the General Assembly, leave the Security Council in the world, and distribute the seats and the powers. Review it and expand it not to become one council. We would dispense with the General Assembly and its costs.

Finally, it appears that they are in need for two permanent seats in the Security Council one for the developing country and another for the advanced countries. This means that the whole developing countries have just one seat to quarrel about. We do not need it! We either ask for UN reform or not.

In 1960 Hammarskjold was in the place of Kofie Annan, he said; " The recent development in Africa, which led to the accession of a large number of African countries into the UN - was then only 34- puts the UN in a position of a union, and he means its executive effectiveness and power as well as of its agencies. I mean, Hammarskjold in 1960 said developments that took place in Africa, during which 34 countries gained independence, must be reflected on the UN, its agencies, laws, and itself, because we were over 50 countries. Which one is the UN? Is it, the existing nations now in the General Assembly, or is it the nations, which allied against Germany in the World War Two? Those are free, their preoccupation was to make the united nations, whose armies were commanded by Eisenhower. We know that four nations got united against Hitler, the commander of their all armies was Eisenhower. This was called united nations against Germany, if this is what is meant, they are free. However, if it is meant the other United Nations, this which we created we must have our full right in it.

On the occasion of the presence of these delegations that represent many international dignitaries, we reject to link North Africa with the Middle East, the Middle East is a name in Asia, colonialism divided Asia into middle, near, and far East, and this has no connection to Africa, as of now I hope no connection be made between north Africa and the Middle East, this is a colonialist and racist nomenclature, Africa is Africa, and Asia is Asia. Pardon me we call it the "Dirty East."

Any how, among us two of African leaders, President Obasanjo and President Mbeki who are Good African Citizens laureate, for their work as well as their countries work for peace in Africa.

These two countries bore the cost and expenses from their own budgets to be spent on the peace keeping force in Africa, and all activities to extinguish fire from the Great lakes region to Burundi, Sierra Leone, Cote d' Ivoire and Liberia, but they were unappreciated efforts because they were not within a framework. This needed a Minister of Defense to organize and arrange it to be useful.

We have two-million and a quarter African troops, we have an African army comprising two millions and a quarter, and spend 15 billion dollars a year on these forces, how come we need forces from outside Africa?

In fact I feel that I went for too long, but these things must be said, and although a I have a sore throat, and exhausted myself but there must be sacrifices for these issues.

I welcome you again in your country. Our resources at your disposal. I salute the dear and honorable guests from Kofie Anna down to the rest of delegations.

Peace be upon you.



http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/050705/2005070545.html

SID
05-03-2007, 03:31 AM
thats what i wanted years ago.... a single unified african army....cuz soon it will be africas turn to face the "bloodthirsty", they have tried to weaken african cuz they know the threat it can be to them, and they have suceeded look at africa its in shambles......africa needs to prepare therefore gadafis idea is most appropriate

V4D3R
05-03-2007, 02:38 PM
Muwuhahahahah- your deathstar needs to be built master.

LMAO- It would take a miracle to unite africans. Because evil miracles have divided her.

diggy
05-03-2007, 11:39 PM
I agree with Ghadafi.
Whenever u hear of Africa, it is either starvation, war/genocide, or disease. Africa needs to stop that shit and clean up their act. Some whites think blacks are savages, and some Africans proove this statement to be true when they kill each other because of tribalism (Somalia, Sudan, Ivory Coast, Rhoanda, etc. u know who u are).

Africa needs to look to "The West" as an example of what to do. "The West" has the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement). Purhaps Africa could set up an African Free Trade Agreement (AFTA). That could enrichen Africans with material gain and respect from other nations.

Africa should trade oil, diamonds, gold, etc. amongst itself and its Arab neighbors who live close by (Saudis, Egyptians, Morocans, etc.) to enrich themselves.

The key is unity. Even a look at lower lifeforms than mankind will show you that unity prolongs life and division destroys it.

Africa needs to decide what it wants to be- extinct from genocide, starvation, and disease, or a strong unified continent!

RADIOACTIVE MAN
05-04-2007, 12:18 AM
amen to that,its about time we had a united states of Africa so we can defend our resources from being stolen by these opportunists

ujesus
05-04-2007, 03:37 PM
links not novels...

regulate