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LORD NOSE
06-10-2009, 03:12 PM
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Chronological history of the new world order

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CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER

by D.L. Cuddy, Ph.D.
Arranged and Edited by John Loeffler

In the mainline media, those who adhere to the position that there is some kind of "conspiracy" pushing us towards a world government are virulently ridiculed. The standard attack maintains that the so-called "New World Order" is the product of turn-of-the-century, right-wing, bigoted, anti-semitic racists acting in the tradition of the long-debunked Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, now promulgated by some Militias and other right-wing hate groups.

The historical record does not support that position to any large degree but it has become the mantra of the socialist left and their cronies, the media.

The term "New World Order" has been used thousands of times in this century by proponents in high places of federalized world government. Some of those involved in this collaboration to achieve world order have been Jewish. The preponderance are not, so it most definitely is not a Jewish agenda.

For years, leaders in education, industry, the media, banking, etc., have promoted those with the same Weltanschauung (world view) as theirs. Of course, someone might say that just because individuals promote their friends doesn't constitute a conspiracy. That's true in the usual sense. However, it does represent an "open conspiracy," as described by noted Fabian Socialist H.G. Wells in The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution (1928).

In 1913, prior to the passage of the Federal Reserve Act President Wilson's The New Freedom was published, in which he revealed:

"Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men's views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the U. S., in the field of commerce and manufacturing, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it."

On November 21, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt wrote a letter to Col. Edward Mandell House, President Woodrow Wilson's close advisor:

"The real truth of the matter is, as you and I know, that a financial element in the larger centers has owned the Government ever since the days of Andrew Jackson... "

That there is such a thing as a cabal of power brokers who control government behind the scenes has been detailed several times in this century by credible sources. Professor Carroll Quigley was Bill Clinton's mentor at Georgetown University. President Clinton has publicly paid homage to the influence Professor Quigley had on his life. In Quigley's magnum opus Tragedy and Hope (1966), he states:

"There does exist and has existed for a generation, an international ... network which operates, to some extent, in the way the radical right believes the Communists act. In fact, this network, which we may identify as the Round Table Groups, has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists, or any other groups and frequently does so. I know of the operations of this network because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its instruments. I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its policies... but in general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to remain unknown, and I believe its role in history is significant enough to be known."

Even talk show host Rush Limbaugh, an outspoken critic of anyone claiming a push for global government, said on his February 7, 1995 program:

"You see, if you amount to anything in Washington these days, it is because you have been plucked or handpicked from an Ivy League school -- Harvard, Yale, Kennedy School of Government -- you've shown an aptitude to be a good Ivy League type, and so you're plucked so-to-speak, and you are assigned success. You are assigned a certain role in government somewhere, and then your success is monitored and tracked, and you go where the pluckers and the handpickers can put you."

On May 4, 1993, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) president Leslie Gelb said on The Charlie Rose Show that:

"... you [Charlie Rose] had me on to talk about the New World Order! I talk about it all the time. It's one world now. The Council [CFR] can find, nurture, and begin to put people in the kinds of jobs this country needs. And that's going to be one of the major enterprises of the Council under me."

Previous CFR chairman, John J. McCloy (1953-70), actually said they have been doing this since the 1940s (and before).

The thrust towards global government can be well-documented but at the end of the twentieth century it does not look like a traditional conspiracy in the usual sense of a secret cabal of evil men meeting clandestinely behind closed doors. Rather, it is a "networking" of like-minded individuals in high places to achieve a common goal, as described in Marilyn Ferguson's 1980 insider classic, The Aquarian Conspiracy.

Perhaps the best way to relate this would be a brief history of the New World Order, not in our words but in the words of those who have been striving to make it real.

1912 -- Colonel Edward M. House, a close advisor of President Woodrow Wilson, publishes Phillip Dru: Administrator in which he promotes "socialism as dreamed of by Karl Marx."

1913 -- The Federal Reserve (neither federal nor a reserve) is created. It was planned at a secret meeting in 1910 on Jekyl Island, Georgia by a group of bankers and politicians, including Col. House. This transferred the power to create money from the American government to a private group of bankers. It is probably the largest generator of debt in the world.

May 30, 1919 -- Prominent British and American personalities establish the Royal Institute of International Affairs in England and the Institute of International Affairs in the U.S. at a meeting arranged by Col. House attended by various Fabian socialists, including noted economist John Maynard Keynes. Two years later, Col. House reorganizes the Institute of International Affairs into the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).

December 15, 1922 -- The CFR endorses World Government in its magazine Foreign Affairs. Author Philip Kerr, states:

"Obviously there is going to be no peace or prosperity for mankind as long as [the earth] remains divided into 50 or 60 independent states until some kind of international system is created... The real problem today is that of the world government."

1928 -- The Open Conspiracy: Blue Prints for a World Revolution by H.G. Wells is published. A former Fabian Socialist, Wells writes:

"The political world of the ... Open Conspiracy must weaken, efface, incorporate and supersede existing governments... The Open Conspiracy is the natural inheritor of socialist and communist enthusiasms; it may be in control of Moscow before it is in control of New York... The character of the Open Conspiracy will now be plainly displayed... It will be a world religion."

1931 -- Students at the Lenin School of Political Warfare in Moscow are taught:

"One day we shall start to spread the most theatrical peace movement the world has ever seen. The capitalist countries, stupid and decadent ... will fall into the trap offered by the possibility of making new friends. Our day will come in 30 years or so... The bourgeoisie must be lulled into a false sense of security."

1931 -- In a speech to the Institute for the Study of International Affairs at Copenhagen) historian Arnold Toyee said:

"We are at present working discreetly with all our might to wrest this mysterious force called sovereignty out of the clutches of the local nation states of the world. All the time we are denying with our lips what we are doing with our hands...."

1932 -- New books are published urging World Order:

Toward Soviet America by William Z. Foster. Head of the Communist Party USA, Foster indicates that a National Department of Education would be one of the means used to develop a new socialist society in the U.S.

The New World Order by F.S. Marvin, describing the League of Nations as the first attempt at a New World Order. Marvin says, "nationality must rank below the claims of mankind as a whole."

Dare the School Build a New Social Order? is published. Educator author George Counts asserts that:

"... the teachers should deliberately reach for power and then make the most of their conquest" in order to "influence the social attitudes, ideals and behavior of the coming generation... The growth of science and technology has carried us into a new age where ignorance must be replaced by knowledge, competition by cooperation, trust in Providence by careful planning and private capitalism by some form of social economy."

1933 -- The first Humanist Manifesto is published. Co-author John Dewey, the noted philosopher and educator, calls for a synthesizing of all religions and "a socialized and cooperative economic order." Co-signer C.F. Potter said in 1930:

"Education is thus a most powerful ally of humanism, and every American public school is a school of humanism. What can the theistic Sunday schools, meeting for an hour once a week, teaching only a fraction of the children, do to stem the tide of a five-day program of humanistic teaching?"

1933 -- The Shape of Things to Come by H.G. Wells is published. Wells predicts a second world war around 1940, originating from a German-Polish dispute. After 1945 there would be an increasing lack of public safety in "criminally infected" areas. The plan for the "Modern World-State" would succeed on its third attempt (about 1980), and come out of something that occurred in Basra, Iraq. The book also states,

"Although world government had been plainly coming for some years, although it had been endlessly feared and murmured against, it found no opposition prepared anywhere."

1934 -- The Externalization of the Hierarchy by Alice A. Bailey is published. Bailey is an occultist, whose works are channeled from a spirit guide, the Tibetan Master [demon spirit] Djwahl Kuhl. Bailey uses the phrase "points of light" in connection with a "New Group of World Servers" and claims that 1934 marks the beginning of "the organizing of the men and women... group work of a new order... [with] progress defined by service... the world of the Brotherhood... the Forces of Light... [and] out of the spoliation of all existing culture and civilization, the new world order must be built."

The book is published by the Lucis Trust, incorporated originally in New York as the Lucifer Publishing Company. Lucis Trust is a United Nations NGO and has been a major player at the recent U.N. summits. Later Assistant Secretary General of the U.N. Robert Mueller would credit the creation of his World Core Curriculum for education to the underlying teachings of Djwahl Kuhl via Alice Bailey's writings on the subject.

1932 -- Plan for Peace by American Birth Control League founder Margaret Sanger (1921) is published. She calls for coercive sterilization, mandatory segregation, and rehabilitative concentration camps for all "dysgenic stocks" including Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Catholics.

October 28, 1939 -- In an address by John Foster Dulles, later U.S. Secretary of State, he proposes that America lead the transition to a new order of less independent, semi-sovereign states bound together by a league or federal union.

1939 -- New World Order by H. G. Wells proposes a collectivist one-world state"' or "new world order" comprised of "socialist democracies." He advocates "universal conscription for service" and declares that "nationalist individualism... is the world's disease." He continues:

"The manifest necessity for some collective world control to eliminate warfare and the less generally admitted necessity for a collective control of the economic and biological life of mankind, are aspects of one and the same process." He proposes that this be accomplished through "universal law" and propaganda (or education)."

1940 -- The New World Order is published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and contains a select list of references on regional and world federation, together with some special plans for world order after the war.

December 12, 1940 -- In The Congressional Record an article entitled A New World Order John G. Alexander calls for a world federation.

1942 -- The leftist Institute of Pacific Relations publishes Post War Worlds by P.E. Corbett:

"World government is the ultimate aim... It must be recognized that the law of nations takes precedence over national law... The process will have to be assisted by the deletion of the nationalistic material employed in educational textbooks and its replacement by material explaining the benefits of wiser association."

June 28, 1945 -- President Truman endorses world government in a speech:

"It will be just as easy for nations to get along in a republic of the world as it is for us to get along in a republic of the United States."

October 24, 1945 -- The United Nations Charter becomes effective. Also on October 24, Senator Glen Taylor (D-Idaho) introduces Senate Resolution 183 calling upon the U.S. Senate to go on record as favoring creation of a world republic including an international police force.

1946 -- Alger Hiss is elected President of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Hiss holds this office until 1949. Early in 1950, he is convicted of perjury and sentenced to prison after a sensational trial and Congressional hearing in which Whittaker Chambers, a former senior editor of Time, testifies that Hiss was a member of his Communist Party cell.

1946 -- The Teacher and World Government by former editor of the NEA Journal (National Education Association) Joy Elmer Morgan is published. He says:

"In the struggle to establish an adequate world government, the teacher... can do much to prepare the hearts and minds of children for global understanding and cooperation... At the very heart of all the agencies which will assure the coming of world government must stand the school, the teacher, and the organized profession."

1947 -- The American Education Fellowship, formerly the Progressive Education Association, organized by John Dewey, calls for the:

"... establishment of a genuine world order, an order in which national sovereignty is subordinate to world authority... "

October, 1947 -- NEA Associate Secretary William Carr writes in the NEA Journal that teachers should:

"... teach about the various proposals that have been made for the strengthening of the United Nations and the establishment of a world citizenship and world government."

1948 -- Walden II by behavioral psychologist B.F. Skinner proposes "a perfect society or new and more perfect order" in which children are reared by the State, rather than by their parents and are trained from birth to demonstrate only desirable behavior and characteristics. Skinner's ideas would be widely implemented by educators in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s as Values Clarification and Outcome Based Education.

July, 1948 -- Britain's Sir Harold Butler, in the CFR's Foreign Affairs, sees "a New World Order" taking shape:

"How far can the life of nations, which for centuries have thought of themselves as distinct and unique, be merged with the life of other nations? How far are they prepared to sacrifice a part of their sovereignty without which there can be no effective economic or political union?... Out of the prevailing confusion a new world is taking shape... which may point the way toward the new order... That will be the beginning of a real United Nations, no longer crippled by a split personality, but held together by a common faith."

1948 -- UNESCO president and Fabian Socialist, Sir Julian Huxley, calls for a radical eugenic policy in UNESCO: Its Purpose and Its Philosophy. He states:

"Thus, even though it is quite true that any radical eugenic policy of controlled human breeding will be for many years politically and psychologically impossible, it will be important for UNESCO to see that the eugenic problem is examined with the greatest care and that the public mind is informed of the issues at stake that much that is now unthinkable may at least become thinkable."

1948 -- The preliminary draft of a World Constitution is published by U.S. educators advocating regional federation on the way toward world federation or government with England incorporated into a European federation.

The Constitution provides for a "World Council" along with a "Chamber of Guardians" to enforce world law. Also included is a "Preamble" calling upon nations to surrender their arms to the world government, and includes the right of this "Federal Republic of the World" to seize private property for federal use.

February 9, 1950 -- The Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee introduces Senate Concurrent Resolution 66 which begins:

"Whereas, in order to achieve universal peace and justice, the present Charter of the United Nations should be changed to provide a true world government constitution."

The resolution was first introduced in the Senate on September 13, 1949 by Senator Glen Taylor (D-Idaho). Senator Alexander Wiley (R-Wisconsin) called it "a consummation devoutly to be wished for" and said, "I understand your proposition is either change the United Nations, or change or create, by a separate convention, a world order." Senator Taylor later stated:

"We would have to sacrifice considerable sovereignty to the world organization to enable them to levy taxes in their own right to support themselves."

1950 -- In testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, international financier James P Warburg said:

"we shall have a world government, whether or not we like it. The question is only whether world government will be achieved by consent or by conquest."

April 12, 1952 -- John Foster Dulles, later to become Secretary of State, says in a speech to the American Bar Association in Louisville, Kentucky, that "treaty laws can override the Constitution." He says treaties can take power away from Congress and give them to the President. They can take powers from the States and give them to the Federal Government or to some international body and they can cut across the rights given to the people by their constitutional Bill of Rights. A Senate amendment, proposed by GOP Senator John Bricker, would have provided that no treaty could supersede the Constitution, but it fails to pass by one vote.

1954 -- Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands establishes the Bilderbergers, international politicians and bankers who meet secretly on an annual basis.

1954 -- H. Rowan Gaither, Jr., President - Ford Foundation said to Norman Dodd of the Congressional Reese Commission:

"... all of us here at the policy-making level have had experience with directives... from the White House... . The substance of them is that we shall use our grant-making power so as to alter our life in the United States that we can be comfortably merged with the Soviet Union."

1954 -- Senator William Jenner said:

"Today the path to total dictatorship in the United States can be laid by strictly legal means, unseen and unheard by the Congress, the President, or the people... outwardly we have a Constitutional government. We have operating within our government and political system, another body representing another form of government, a bureaucratic elite which believes our Constitution is outmoded and is sure that it is the winning side.... All the strange developments in the foreign policy agreements may be traced to this group who are going to make us over to suit their pleasure.... This political action group has its own local political support organizations, its own pressure groups, its own vested interests, its foothold within our government, and its own propaganda apparatus."

1958 -- World Peace through World Law is published, where authors Grenville Clark and Louis Sohn advocate using the U.N. as a governing body for the world, world disarmament, a world police force and legislature.

1959 -- The Council on Foreign Relations calls for a New International Order Study Number 7, issued on November 25, advocated:

"... new international order [which] must be responsive to world aspirations for peace, for social and economic change... an international order... including states labeling themselves as 'socialist' [communist]."

1959 -- The World Constitution and Parliament Association is founded which later develops a Diagram of World Government under the Constitution for the Federation of Earth.

1959 -- The Mid-Century Challenge to U.S. Foreign Policy is published, sponsored by the Rockefeller Brothers' Fund. It explains that the U.S.:

"... cannot escape, and indeed should welcome... the task which history has imposed on us. This is the task of helping to shape a new world order in all its dimensions -- spiritual, economic, political, social."

September 9, 1960 -- President Eisenhower signs Senate Joint Resolution 170, promoting the concept of a federal Atlantic Union. Pollster and Atlantic Union Committee treasurer, Elmo Roper, later delivers an address titled, The Goal Is Government of All the World, in which he states:

"For it becomes clear that the first step toward World Government cannot be completed until we have advanced on the four fronts: the economic, the military, the political and the social."

1961 -- The U.S. State Department issues a plan to disarm all nations and arm the United Nations. State Department Document Number 7277 is entitled Freedom From War: The U.S. Program for General and Complete Disarmament in a Peaceful World. It details a three-stage plan to disarm all nations and arm the U.N. with the final stage in which "no state would have the military power to challenge the progressively strengthened U.N. Peace Force."

March 1, 1962 -- Sen. Clark speaking on the floor of the Senate about PL 87-297 which calls for the disbanding of all armed forces and the prohibition of their re-establishment in any form whatsoever. "... This program is the fixed, determined and approved policy of the government of the United States."

1962 -- New Calls for World Federalism. In a study titled, A World Effectively Controlled by the United Nations, CFR member Lincoln Bloomfield states:

"... if the communist dynamic was greatly abated, the West might lose whatever incentive it has for world government."

The Future of Federalism by author Nelson Rockefeller is published. The one-time Governor of New York, claims that current events compellingly demand a "new world order," as the old order is crumbling, and there is "a new and free order struggling to be born." Rockefeller says there is:

"a fever of nationalism... [but] the nation-state is becoming less and less competent to perform its international political tasks....These are some of the reasons pressing us to lead vigorously toward the true building of a new world order... [with] voluntary service... and our dedicated faith in the brotherhood of all mankind.... Sooner perhaps than we may realize... there will evolve the bases for a federal structure of the free world."

1963 -- J. William Fulbright, Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee speaks at a symposium sponsored by the Fund for the Republic, a left-wing project of the Ford Foundation:

"The case for government by elites is irrefutable... government by the people is possible but highly improbable."

1964 -- Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook II is published. Author Benjamin Bloom states:

"... a large part of what we call 'good teaching' is the teacher's ability to attain affective objectives through challenging the students' fixed beliefs."

His Outcome-Based Education (OBE) method of teaching would first be tried as Mastery Learning in Chicago schools. After five years, Chicago students' test scores had plummeted causing outrage among parents. OBE would leave a trail of wreckage wherever it would be tried and under whatever name it would be used. At the same time, it would become crucial to globalists for overhauling the education system to promote attitude changes among school students.

1964 -- Visions of Order by Richard Weaver is published. He describes:

"progressive educators as a 'revolutionary cabal' engaged in 'a systematic attempt to undermine society's traditions and beliefs.'"

1967 -- Richard Nixon calls for New World Order. In Asia after Vietnam, in the October issue of Foreign Affairs, Nixon writes of nations' dispositions to evolve regional approaches to development needs and to the evolution of a "new world order."

1968 -- Joy Elmer Morgan, former editor of the NEA Journal publishes The American Citizens Handbook in which he says:

"the coming of the United Nations and the urgent necessity that it evolve into a more comprehensive form of world government places upon the citizens of the United States an increased obligation to make the most of their citizenship which now widens into active world citizenship."

July 26, 1968 -- Nelson Rockefeller pledges support of the New World Order. In an Associated Press report, Rockefeller pledges that, "as President, he would work toward international creation of a new world order."

1970 -- Education and the mass media promote world order. In Thinking About A New World Order for the Decade 1990, author Ian Baldwin, Jr. asserts that:

"... the World Law Fund has begun a worldwide research and educational program that will introduce a new, emerging discipline -- world order -- into educational curricula throughout the world... and to concentrate some of its energies on bringing basic world order concepts into the mass media again on a worldwide level."

1972 -- President Nixon visits China. In his toast to Chinese Premier Chou En-lai, former CFR member and now President, Richard Nixon, expresses "the hope that each of us has to build a new world order."

May 18, 1972 -- In speaking of the coming of world government, Roy M. Ash, director of the Office of Management and Budget, declares that:

"within two decades the institutional framework for a world economic community will be in place... [and] aspects of individual sovereignty will be given over to a supernational authority."

1973 -- The Trilateral Commission is established. Banker David Rockefeller organizes this new private body and chooses Zbigniew Brzezinski, later National Security Advisor to President Carter, as the Commission's first director and invites Jimmy Carter to become a founding member.

1973 -- Humanist Manifesto II is published:

"The next century can be and should be the humanistic century... we stand at the dawn of a new age... a secular society on a planetary scale.... As non-theists we begin with humans not God, nature not deity... we deplore the division of humankind on nationalistic grounds.... Thus we look to the development of a system of world law and a world order based upon transnational federal government.... The true revolution is occurring."

April, 1974 -- Former U. S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Trilateralist and CFR member Richard Gardner's article The Hard Road to World Order is published in the CFR's Foreign Affairs where he states that:

"the 'house of world order' will have to be built from the bottom up rather than from the top down... but an end run around national sovereignty, eroding it piece by piece, will accomplish much more than the old-fashioned frontal assault."

1974 -- The World Conference of Religion for Peace, held in Louvain, Belgium is held. Douglas Roche presents a report entitled We Can Achieve a New World Order.

The U.N. calls for wealth redistribution: In a report entitled New International Economic Order, the U.N. General Assembly outlines a plan to redistribute the wealth from the rich to the poor nations.

1975 -- A study titled, A New World Order, is published by the Center of International Studies, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Studies, Princeton University.

1975 -- In Congress, 32 Senators and 92 Representatives sign A Declaration of Interdependence, written by historian Henry Steele Commager. The Declaration states that:

"we must join with others to bring forth a new world order... Narrow notions of national sovereignty must not be permitted to curtail that obligation."

Congresswoman Marjorie Holt refuses to sign the Declaration saying:

"It calls for the surrender of our national sovereignty to international organizations. It declares that our economy should be regulated by international authorities. It proposes that we enter a 'new world order' that would redistribute the wealth created by the American people."

1975 -- Retired Navy Admiral Chester Ward, former Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Navy and former CFR member, writes in a critique that the goal of the CFR is the "submergence of U. S. sovereignty and national independence into an all powerful one-world government... "

1975 -- Kissinger on the Couch is published. Authors Phyllis Schlafly and former CFR member Chester Ward state:

"Once the ruling members of the CFR have decided that the U.S. government should espouse a particular policy, the very substantial research facilities of the CFR are put to work to develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new policy and to confound, discredit, intellectually and politically, any opposition... "

1976 -- RIO: Reshaping the International Order is published by the globalist Club of Rome, calling for a new international order, including an economic redistribution of wealth.

1977 -- The Third Try at World Order is published. Author Harlan Cleveland of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies calls for:

"changing Americans' attitudes and institutions" for "complete disarmament (except for international soldiers)" and "for individual entitlement to food, health and education."

1977 -- Imperial Brain Trust by Laurence Shoup and William Minter is published. The book takes a critical look at the Council on Foreign Relations with chapters such as: Shaping a New World Order: The Council's Blueprint for Global Hegemony, 1939-1944 and Toward the 1980's: The Council's Plans for a New World Order.

1977 -- The Trilateral Connection appears in the July edition of Atlantic Monthly. Written by Jeremiah Novak, it says:

"For the third time in this century, a group of American schools, businessmen, and government officials is planning to fashion a New World Order... "

1977 -- Leading educator Mortimer Adler publishes Philosopher at Large in which he says:

"... if local civil government is necessary for local civil peace, then world civil government is necessary for world peace."

1979 -- Barry Goldwater, retiring Republican Senator from Arizona, publishes his autobiography With No Apologies. He writes:

"In my view The Trilateral Commission represents a skillful, coordinated effort to seize control and consolidate the four centers of power -- political, monetary, intellectual, and ecclesiastical. All this is to be done in the interest of creating a more peaceful, more productive world community. What the Trilateralists truly intend is the creation of a worldwide economic power superior to the political governments of the nation-states involved. They believe the abundant materialism they propose to create will overwhelm existing differences. As managers and creators of the system they will rule the future."

1984 -- The Power to Lead is published. Author James McGregor Burns admits:

"The framers of the U.S. constitution have simply been too shrewd for us. The have outwitted us. They designed separate institutions that cannot be unified by mechanical linkages, frail bridges, tinkering. If we are to 'turn the Founders upside down' -- we must directly confront the constitutional structure they erected."

1985 -- Norman Cousins, the honorary chairman of Planetary Citizens for the World We Chose, is quoted in Human Events:

"World government is coming, in fact, it is inevitable. No arguments for or against it can change that fact."

Cousins was also president of the World Federalist Association, an affiliate of the World Association for World Federation (WAWF), headquartered in Amsterdam. WAWF is a leading force for world federal government and is accredited by the U.N. as a Non-Governmental Organization.

1987 -- The Secret Constitution and the Need for Constitutional Change is sponsored in part by the Rockefeller Foundation. Some thoughts of author Arthur S. Miller are:

"... a pervasive system of thought control exists in the United States... the citizenry is indoctrinated by employment of the mass media and the system of public education... people are told what to think about... the old order is crumbling... Nationalism should be seen as a dangerous social disease... A new vision is required to plan and manage the future, a global vision that will transcend national boundaries and eliminate the poison of nationalistic solutions... a new Constitution is necessary."

1988 -- Former Under-secretary of State and CFR member George Ball in a January 24 interview in the New York Times says:

"The Cold War should no longer be the kind of obsessive concern that it is. Neither side is going to attack the other deliberately... If we could internationalize by using the U.N. in conjunction with the Soviet Union, because we now no longer have to fear, in most cases, a Soviet veto, then we could begin to transform the shape of the world and might get the U.N. back to doing something useful... Sooner or later we are going to have to face restructuring our institutions so that they are not confined merely to the nation-states. Start first on a regional and ultimately you could move to a world basis."

December 7, 1988 -- In an address to the U.N., Mikhail Gorbachev calls for mutual consensus:

"World progress is only possible through a search for universal human consensus as we move forward to a new world order."

May 12, 1989 -- President Bush invites the Soviets to join World Order. Speaking to the graduating class at Texas A&M University, Mr. Bush states that the United States is ready to welcome the Soviet Union "back into the world order."

1989 -- Carl Bernstein's (Woodward and Bernstein of Watergate fame) book Loyalties: A Son's Memoir is published. His father and mother had been members of the Communist party. Bernstein's father tells his son about the book:

"You're going to prove [Sen. Joseph] McCarthy was right, because all he was saying is that the system was loaded with Communists. And he was right... I'm worried about the kind of book you're going to write and about cleaning up McCarthy. The problem is that everybody said he was a liar; you're saying he was right... I agree that the Party was a force in the country."

1990 -- The World Federalist Association faults the American press. Writing in their Summer/Fall newsletter, Deputy Director Eric Cox describes world events over the past year or two and declares:

"It's sad but true that the slow-witted American press has not grasped the significance of most of these developments. But most federalists know what is happening... And they are not frightened by the old bug-a-boo of sovereignty."

September 11, 1990 -- President Bush calls the Gulf War an opportunity for the New World Order. In an address to Congress entitled Toward a New World Order, Mr. Bush says:

"The crisis in the Persian Gulf offers a rare opportunity to move toward an historic period of cooperation. Out of these troubled times... a new world order can emerge in which the nations of the world, east and west, north and south, can prosper and live in harmony.... Today the new world is struggling to be born."

September 25, 1990 -- In an address to the U.N., Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze describes Iraq's invasion of Kuwait as "an act of terrorism [that] has been perpetrated against the emerging New World Order." On December 31, Gorbachev declares that the New World Order would be ushered in by the Gulf Crisis.

October 1, 1990 -- In a U.N. address, President Bush speaks of the:

"... collective strength of the world community expressed by the U.N. ... an historic movement towards a new world order... a new partnership of nations... a time when humankind came into its own... to bring about a revolution of the spirit and the mind and begin a journey into a... new age."

1991 -- Author Linda MacRae-Campbell publishes How to Start a Revolution at Your School in the publication In Context. She promotes the use of "change agents" as "self-acknowledged revolutionaries" and "co-conspirators."

1991 -- President Bush praises the New World Order in a State of Union Message:

"What is at stake is more than one small country, it is a big idea -- a new world order... to achieve the universal aspirations of mankind... based on shared principles and the rule of law.... The illumination of a thousand points of light.... The winds of change are with us now."

February 6, 1991 -- President Bush tells the Economic Club of New York:

"My vision of a new world order foresees a United Nations with a revitalized peacekeeping function."

June, 1991 -- The Council on Foreign Relations co-sponsors an assembly Rethinking America's Security: Beyond Cold War to New World Order which is attended by 65 prestigious members of government, labor, academia, the media, military, and the professions from nine countries. Later, several of the conference participants joined some 100 other world leaders for another closed door meeting of the Bilderberg Society in Baden Baden, Germany. The Bilderbergers also exert considerable clout in determining the foreign policies of their respective governments. While at that meeting, David Rockefeller said in a speech:

"We are grateful to the Washington Post, The New York Times, Time Magazine and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings and respected their promises of discretion for almost forty years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a world government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and world bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries."

July, 1991 -- The Southeastern World Affairs Institute discusses the New World Order. In a program, topics include, Legal Structures for a New World Order and The United Nations: From its Conception to a New World Order. Participants include a former director of the U.N.'s General Legal Division, and a former Secretary General of International Planned Parenthood.

Late July, 1991 -- On a Cable News Network program, CFR member and former CIA director Stansfield Turner (Rhodes scholar), when asked about Iraq, responded:

"We have a much bigger objective. We've got to look at the long run here. This is an example -- the situation between the United Nations and Iraq -- where the United Nations is deliberately intruding into the sovereignty of a sovereign nation... Now this is a marvelous precedent (to be used in) all countries of the world... "

October 29, 1991 -- David Funderburk, former U. S. Ambassador to Romania, tells a North Carolina audience:

"George Bush has been surrounding himself with people who believe in one-world government. They believe that the Soviet system and the American system are converging." The vehicle to bring this about, said Funderburk, is the United Nations, "the majority of whose 166 member states are socialist, atheist, and anti-American."

Funderburk served as ambassador in Bucharest from 1981 to 1985, when he resigned in frustration over U.S. support of the oppressive regime of the late Rumanian dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu.

October 30, 1991: -- President Gorbachev at the Middle East Peace Talks in Madrid states:

"We are beginning to see practical support. And this is a very significant sign of the movement towards a new era, a new age... We see both in our country and elsewhere... ghosts of the old thinking... When we rid ourselves of their presence, we will be better able to move toward a new world order... relying on the relevant mechanisms of the United Nations."

Elsewhere, in Alexandria, Virginia, Elena Lenskaya, Counsellor to the Minister of Education of Russia, delivers the keynote address for a program titled, Education for a New World Order.

1992 -- The Twilight of Sovereignty by CFR member (and former Citicorp Chairman) Walter Wriston is published, in which he claims:

"A truly global economy will require ... compromises of national sovereignty... There is no escaping the system."

1992 -- The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Earth Summit takes place in Rio de Janeiro this year, headed by Conference Secretary-General Maurice Strong. The main products of this summit are the Biodiversity Treaty and Agenda 21, which the U.S. hesitates to sign because of opposition at home due to the threat to sovereignty and economics. The summit says the first world's wealth must be transferred to the third world.

July 20, 1992 -- Time magazine publishes The Birth of the Global Nation by Strobe Talbott, Rhodes Scholar, roommate of Bill Clinton at Oxford University, CFR Director, and Trilateralist, in which he writes:

"All countries are basically social arrangements... No matter how permanent or even sacred they may seem at any one time, in fact they are all artificial and temporary... Perhaps national sovereignty wasn't such a great idea after all... But it has taken the events in our own wondrous and terrible century to clinch the case for world government."

As an editor of Time, Talbott defended Clinton during his presidential campaign. He was appointed by President Clinton as the number two person at the State Department behind Secretary of State Warren Christopher, former Trilateralist and former CFR Vice-Chairman and Director. Talbott was confirmed by about two-thirds of the U.S. Senate despite his statement about the unimportance of national sovereignty.

September 29, 1992 -- At a town hall meeting in Los Angeles, Trilateralist and former CFR president Winston Lord delivers a speech titled Changing Our Ways: America and the New World, in which he remarks:

"To a certain extent, we are going to have to yield some of our sovereignty, which will be controversial at home... [Under] the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)... some Americans are going to be hurt as low-wage jobs are taken away."

Lord became an Assistant Secretary of State in the Clinton administration.

1992 -- President Bush addressing the General Assembly of the U.N said:

"It is the sacred principles enshrined in the United Nations charter to which the American people will henceforth pledge their allegiance."

Winter, 1992-93 -- The CFR's Foreign Affairs publishes Empowering the United Nations by U.N. Secretary General Boutros-Boutros Ghali, who asserts:

"It is undeniable that the centuries-old doctrine of absolute and exclusive sovereignty no longer stands... Underlying the rights of the individual and the rights of peoples is a dimension of universal sovereignty that resides in all humanity... It is a sense that increasingly finds expression in the gradual expansion of international law... In this setting the significance of the United Nations should be evident and accepted."

1993 -- Strobe Talbott receives the Norman Cousins Global Governance Award for his 1992 Time article, The Birth of the Global Nation and in appreciation for what he has done "for the cause of global governance." President Clinton writes a letter of congratulation which states:

"Norman Cousins worked for world peace and world government.... Strobe Talbott's lifetime achievements as a voice for global harmony have earned him this recognition... He will be a worthy recipient of the Norman Cousins Global Governance Award. Best wishes... for future success."

Not only does President Clinton use the specific term, "world government," but he also expressly wishes the WFA "future success" in pursuing world federal government. Talbott proudly accepts the award, but says the WFA should have given it to the other nominee, Mikhail Gorbachev.

July 18, 1993 -- CFR member and Trilateralist Henry Kissinger writes in the Los Angeles Times concerning NAFTA:

"What Congress will have before it is not a conventional trade agreement but the architecture of a new international system... a first step toward a new world order."

August 23, 1993 -- Christopher Hitchens, Socialist friend of Bill Clinton when he was at Oxford University, says in a C-SPAN interview:

"... it is, of course the case that there is a ruling class in this country, and that it has allies internationally."

October 30, 1993 -- Washington Post ombudsman Richard Harwood does an op-ed piece about the role of the CFR's media members:

"Their membership is an acknowledgment of their ascension into the American ruling class [where] they do not merely analyze and interpret foreign policy for the United States; they help make it."

January/February, 1994 -- The CFR's Foreign Affairs prints an opening article by CFR Senior Fellow Michael Clough in which he writes that the "Wise Men" (e.g. Paul Nitze, Dean Acheson, George Kennan, and John J. McCloy) have:

"assiduously guarded it [American foreign policy] for the past 50 years... They ascended to power during World War II... This was as it should be. National security and the national interest, they argued must transcend the special interests and passions of the people who make up America... How was this small band of Atlantic-minded internationalists able to triumph ... Eastern internationalists were able to shape and staff the burgeoning foreign policy institutions... As long as the Cold War endured and nuclear Armageddon seemed only a missile away, the public was willing to tolerate such an undemocratic foreign policy making system."

1994 -- In the Human Development Report, published by the UN Development Program, there was a section called "Global Governance For the 21st Century". The administrator for this program was appointed by Bill Clinton. His name is James Gustave Speth. The opening sentence of the report said:

"Mankind's problems can no longer be solved by national government. What is needed is a World Government. This can best be achieved by strengthening the United Nations system."

1995 -- The State of the World Forum took place in the fall of this year, sponsored by the Gorbachev Foundation located at the Presidio in San Francisco. Foundation President Jim Garrison chairs the meeting of who's-whos from around the world including Margaret Thatcher, Maurice Strong, George Bush, Mikhail Gorbachev and others. Conversation centers around the oneness of mankind and the coming global government. However, the term "global governance" is now used in place of "new world order" since the latter has become a political liability, being a lightning rod for opponents of global government.

1996 -- The United Nations 420-page report Our Global Neighborhood is published. It outlines a plan for "global governance," calling for an international Conference on Global Governance in 1998 for the purpose of submitting to the world the necessary treaties and agreements for ratification by the year 2000.























[B]The MOORS. Islam 700 year rule in Europe




http://wutang-corp.com/forum/showthread.php?t=11936



Just saw 2hour documentary explaining some shit I never knew about European history. About how the muslim moors came from Africa and Saudi Arabia and ruled in Spain from 700AD to 1400's, introducing intellect, mathematics, knowledge, desire to learn, arcitectural beauty and sophistacation, while people in London at this time were still living in wooden houses. They set up highly advanced societys at Cordoba adn in now Andulica, Medina, Alhambra




The history books though have the whole thing twisted, saying the moors were brutal people who came and "forced" the indeginous Spainiards to convert to Islam. This is far from thr truth, the archeoligists are now uncovering the TRUTH about Europes history ( as alot of the Muslim time was completely destroyed in the brutal attack of the Catholics to regain the land and power) people actually welcomed them at the time as Spain was in a bit of a crisis, the Muslim arabs brought a society which encouraged Knowledge and learning as the most important teaching from God, and even the poor people were very well educated. The moors brought farming and iragation methods not known, they constructed these amazing palaces and mosques based around math continued from the Greeks theorys that the northern Catholic Europeans had ignored.



But because the leader of the great times , Abdul Rahman (prince from Saudi Arabia who fledhis home country when the rest of his royla family were killed) spent so much time on other intelluectual things, he didnt pay much attention to the military, so eventually this paved the way for the invasion and eventually the "spanish inquisition"- which was a brutal ethnic cleansing of ALL muslims . But some of the palaces they couldnt tear down becaue of their beauty, they were built on mathematical proportion that no-one in Europe had done before.




Before the Moors came to Europe it was basically dead, there was no culture, no intellect, they were STILL USING roman numerals, which made complex math almost impossible, the Islam teachers gave Europe all its farming, irragation, water works, PAPER, books, and started the "renaissance" which history alwasy tells us was started in Italy, but that is not true.





The Spanish Catholics though buried this past and its a forgotten time in Europena histroy. In all the school textbooks, the history starts at when the moors are invaded, and they are dismaissed as not important, almost ignored as part of the heritage. The founders of the Oxford universities in England got all their knowledge after they visted the Moors in Spain and described them as the greatest philosophers. And they took away their wisdom on how to build buildings and so on, without the Musilm rule back then, Europe woudl not be the pace it is now.





The Domino effect....(food for thought and acknowledgment)


http://wutang-corp.com/forum/showthread.php?p=1595522#post1595522




1441-TWELVE KIDNAPPED AFRICANS WERE PRESENTED AS A GIFT TO PRINCE HENRY OF PORTUGAL

1442- POPE EUGENIUS IV GRANTED EUROPEANS PERMISSION TO ENSLAVE AFRICANS WHOME HE REGARGED AS SOULLESS INDIVIDUALS

1444-EUROPEANS BEGAN "IMPORTING" AFRICANS INTO EUROPE AND WNSLAVED THEM IN THE AMERICAS LESS THAN A CENTURY LATER(IT WAS JUS THAT EASY TO MAKE THAT DECISION)...THESE ACTIONS OVER THE NEXT 400 YEARS RESULTED IN THE DEATH AND ENSLAVEMENT OF OVER 100-MILLION PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT

1665-(OVER 200 YEARS LATER)THE COLONY OF MARYLAND ENACTED LEGISLATION DECLARING THAT "BLACK PEOPLE SHALL CONSTITUTE AND AVAILABLE, UNCOMPENSATED.....PERMANENTLY SUBORDINATED WORK FORCE, WHICH SHALL BE SEPERATED FROM THE WHIT SOCIETY(JUST CAUSE)(BY NOW THEY REALLY AIN'T GIVE NO FUCK ABOUT AN AFRICAN(BLACK PERSON) AT ALL)

1857-THE SUPREME COURT'S "DRED SCOTT DECISION" DECLARED THAT AFRICA AMERICANS WERE NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES(EVEN THOUGH IF U DO UR KNOWLEDGE...WE WERE IN AMERICA A LONG LONG TIME BEFORE THE FIRST EUROPEAN(WHITE PERSON) STEPPED FOOT ON THE LAND)

1885-AFTER 450 YEARS OF ENSLAVING AFRICANS, FOURTEEN EUROPE NATIONS MET IN BERLIN THE DECISE HOW THEY WOULD DIVIDE AFRICA AMONG THEMSELVES AND COLONIZE ITS INHABITANTS(JUS GON' G DA LAND LIKE DAT HUH??....JUS REGULATE HUH??....FUK DAT SHIT)

1896-NINETEEN YEARS AFTER AFRICAN AMERICANS WERE GRANTED "CITIZENSHIP", TH EUNITED STATES SUPREME COURT, PLESSY FERGUSON FORMALLY ESTABLISHED THE DOCTRINE OF "SEPERATE BUT EQUAL" TO JUSTIFY THE CONTINUATIONS OF RACIAL SEGRGATION(SO HOW WERE WE SUPPOSE TO BE EGUAL IF WE STILL COULDN'T OWN OUR OWN BUSINESS, COULDN'T EAT WITH THEM, HAD TO GO TO SHITTY SCHOOLS WITOUT THEIR HELP, COULDN'T DRINK OF THE SAME FOUNTAIN, AND WAS CRITICIZED MOCKED AND HATED..."EQUAL??"

1964-CONGRESS PASSED A CIVIL RIGHT BILL OFFICIALLY BANNING DISCRIMINATION IN HOUSING, EDUCATION, AND EMPLOYMENT. HOWEVER, THE CIVIL RIGHTS BILL OF 1990 WAS VETOED BY PRESIDENT BUSH SR. BECAUSE HE FEARED IT WOULD INTRODUCE "THE DESTRUCTIVE FORCE OF QUOTAS."(DO THE KNOWLEGE)

1992-THE SUPREME COURT SET LIMITS TO THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT AND STRUCK DOWN A "HATE CRIME" LAW THAT BANNED CROSS BURNING(THAT'S IT??...WHATABOUT ALL THE MOCKING AND VERBAL ABUSE...AND WRITINGS ON WALLS, AND MEAN MUGGIN, SPITTIN ON....ALL DAT SHIT??)

1995-THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS PASSED LEGISLATION INSURING THAT AFRICAN AMERICANS WOULD RECEIVE PRISON SENTENCES FOR DRUG POSSESSION OF CRACK COCAINE AT A RATIO OF 500 TO 1 COMPARED WITH POSSESSION OF POWDER COCAINE USED BY EUROPEAN AMERICANS

1996-AN INVESTIGATIVE REPORTER FOR THE SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS ALLEGED THAT THE CIA PLAYED A MAJOR ROLE IN THE INTRODUCTION OF POWDER COCAINE INTO THE AFRICAN AMERICAN COMMUNITY IN AN EFFORT TO FINANCE ANI-COMMUNIST FORCES IN NICARAGUA DURING THE 1970s AND 1080s


DON'T DENY IT...BUT EMBRACE IT AND ACT ACCORDINGLY...REVERSE THE CYCLE...COUNTER THE EFFECT MY PEOPLE.........BUILD!!!!!!!

LORD NOSE
06-11-2009, 10:02 AM
Afrocentric Historians


http://www.wutang-corp.com/forum/showthread.php?p=1596266#post1596266


ANACALYPSIS

Godfrey Higgins
1833

Page 31
Of the different histories of the creation, that contained in the book, or collection of books, called Genesis, has been in the Western part of the world the most celebrated, and the nonsense which has been written respecting it, may fairly vie with the nonsense, a little time ago alluded to, of the ancient learned men of Greece and Rome.
This book professes to commence with a history of the creation, and in our vulgar translation it says, "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." But I conceive for the word heavens the word planets ought to be substituted. The original for the word heavens is of great consequence. Parkhurst admits that it has the meaning of placers or disposers. In fact, it means the planets as distinguished from the fixed stars, and is the foundation, As I have said, and as we shall find, upon which all judicial astrology, and perhaps much of the Heathen mythology, was built.


Page 32
The following are the names of the Gods allotted to each day : Sunday to the Sun, Monday to the Moon, Tuesday to Mars, Wednesday to Mercury, Thursday to Jupiter, Friday to Venus, and Saturday to Saturn : and it is worthy of observation, that neither Bacchus nor Hercules is among them; on which I shall have an observation to make in the future part of this work. In almost every page we shall have to make some reference to judicial astrology, which took its rise from the planetary bodies.

LORD NOSE
06-13-2009, 01:40 AM
Did You Know?


http://www.wutang-corp.com/forum/showthread.php?p=1596996#post1596996




Beginning in April 2003, one month after the invasion of Iraq, and continuing for over a year, the united States Federal reserve shipped $12 billion in US currency to Iraq. The US military delivered the bank notes to the US-rn Coalition Provisional Authority, to be dispensed for Iraqi reconstruction. At least $9 billion was unacounted for due to a complete lack of oversight. How do you lose track of 9 billion dollars? Easy, you don't.

Bayer, makers of Asprin are responsible for introducing heroin to the world? The American Medical Association offered its stamp of approval to heroin in 1907. After the problems caused by all the addictions that occurred, they got out of the heroin business in 1913. But that didn't stop them from making other drugs from the same poppy plants that produce heroin. Today, most pain relievers, from hospital-grade morphine and codeine to over-the-counter Advil, are made from the same opiates as heroin.

Black people pioneered basic arithmetic (Evidence includes the 25,000 year old Ishango bone found in Zaire). We were also the first to engage in mining (eg. a 43,000 year old hematite mine found in Swaziland at Bomvu Ridge). We were the first to develop agriculture (eg. 12,000 year old tools and evidence of crop cultivation in Egypt's Western Desert). We even pioneered fishing and sailing (eg. 90,000 year old harpoons and other tools found at Katanda, a region in northeastern Zaire).

In fact, several thousand years ago, Black civilization pioneered the production of steel, medicine and surgery (including brain surgery and C-sections, accurate astronomy, city planning (includingpaved roads, multi-story building, and sewers and plumbing), education (including large universities and libraries), fabric-weaving and export, and dozens of other industries for which we receive no credit. And that's why we have to study. "until the lion has his own historian, the hunter gets all the glory."

In 202 BC, after on e of Carthage's old allies switched sides because the Romans offered them more land, a Roman general named Scipio was finally able to overpower Carthage's army. His army destroyed Carthage, killed everyone they found, and poured salt over all the land so that nothing could grow there again. Scipio earned the name Africanus for conquering Carthage, the capital of Africa Province (the Roman name for that area). The name AFRICA, a Greek name, was eventually used by Europeans to refer to the whole continent.

Modern Capitalism was built off the destruction of people of color? Karl Marx said that what was good for Europeans was obtained at the expense of untold suffering by Africans and Native Americans. According to him, "the discovery of gold and silver in America, the extirpation, enslavement and entombment in mines of the aboriginal population, the turning of Africa into a commercial warren for the hunting of Black skins signalized the rosy dawn of the era of capitalist production."

Sugar is just oe molecule away from the chemical composition of heroin. One teaspoon of sugar reduces your immune function for 8 hours. Caffeine affects your body's chemistry and often does much more than simply give you a headache. In fact, 10 grams of caffeine is considered enough to kill a human being. Imagine what drinking a whole can of Mountain Dew (46 grams of sugar, 54 mg of caffeing) does to you!

Many popular "movement," such as the "peace movement" of the 60's, are actually designed to work against us? Nicholas Rockefeller once told filmmaker Aaron Russon how his family had bankrolled the women's liberation movement in order to "destroy the family unit" and make individuals more vulnerable to manipulate. One example he used: Once women left home to work in order to feel "equal," there would now be more taxpayers AND their children would now be taught by the school system instead of the parents.

food for thought
06-21-2009, 05:05 AM
Tibetan Meditation Techniques

This type of meditation, Samatha (pronounced: sha ma ta) (Tibetan: zhi-gnas), means quiet abiding or meditative calm. I will describe here what has been taught to me as a student of Tibetan Buddhism.

To begin, one assumes a straight back posture, sitting cross legged on a cushion. The chin is slightly tucked down toward chest while keeping the top of the head straight up and the shoulders drawn back. The eyes are open and the gaze is with a soft focus, directed down to a spot about 5-6 feet ahead of oneself. The hands rest on top of the thighs, palms down a couple of inches above the knee. The jaw is relaxed with the lips slightly parted with the tip of the tongue resting behind and above the upper front teeth.

The breath is natural breathing. The breath is allowed to come in by relaxing and letting go of the abdomen. Slightly contracting the abdomen, the breath flows out. Follow the breath. If you find that you are having many random thoughts and are focusing on these, (and this will happen), gently note to yourself that this has occurred by saying to yourself silently, "thinking", exhale out and return to your breath. Continue to follow your breath in this manner.

Whenever the mind strays from this place, return to the breath in a gentle, non-judgmental way. Touch the thoughts with a light touch by saying "thinking", let them go and simply begin again at the next exhalation. Let the mind move at will. If you become aware of any tension or pain in the body, movement, or noise, consciously note this also by saying to yourself, "thinking", and letting go with the breath. There should be no attempt to freeze or stop the mind from thinking.

Thought is the very nature of the mind, do not try to stop the mind from thinking. The attempt should be to focus the mind and let naturally settle itself. If you find that you are having trouble letting go, don't force the issue. It might be a good idea to stop and begin again another time. Try this at the beginning for short periods of time, say five minutes. If you can, continue practicing so you can do sitting practice for twenty to forty minutes at a time. When one becomes advanced with this practice, then it can be done for long periods.




Another technique I suggest for people to use is one that was passed along to me from Dr.Trogawa Rinpoche. One should find a hill on which to sit with the ground sloping down and away from one leaving an expanse of openness out in front. This can best be done where one finds water. Once finding a stream, river or the ocean, find a spot overlooking the water with nothing blocking one's vision. One should sit and look out across the water and let the mind settle. Using the above methods, as soon as one becomes aware that they are thinking, they should let the thought process relax and dissolve itself. It is best to do this practice at sunrise and sunset. In the morning face the west. In the evening face the east. Sit and watch the water flowing away from you. If you are on the ocean, the best time is when the sun is behind you and the tide is going out. Let your thoughts and problems go away with the flow of the water.

Care must be used since the wrong meditation or improper practice of meditation can cause meditation-induced sok-rlung or Wind imbalance. This can be described as a manic state where the mind races, jumping from topic to topic producing restlessness and agitation. Any meditative practice which tries to force the mind into submission, creates frustration, or raises the center of consciousness to the top of the body or the tip of the nose, will tend to create a Wind imbalance or aggravate an existing one.

Dr.Trogawa Rinpoche has said that being in a calm state of mind "breeds physical health in ourselves throughout the whole body. This is by means of the internal, physical humor we call Wind. The Wind that moves the body's energy moves the blood, so the Wind follows the pattern of the circulatory system. In a medical sense, this has to do with the relationship of Mind and internal Wind. Mind is based on the Wind and the Wind circulates all through the body, through the circulatory system. This is the connection between Wind and the Mind."

*Note: The above discussion is based on Teachings given directly to me by my Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, the Teachings of Dr.Trogawa Rinpoche and teachers at Dechen Yonten Dzo Institute of Buddhist Medicine.


http://www.calmspirit.com/tibetmd.htm

food for thought
06-21-2009, 05:17 AM
Dealing With Police

NTRO

One of the main powers that law enforcement officers carry is the power to intimidate citizens into voluntarily giving up their rights. Police are trained to believe in their authority and trained to perform their interactions with private citizens with confidence. It is their job to deal with problems and they learn to manage uncomfortable situations through strength. Most people, when confronted by police get a mild panic reaction, become anxious, and try to do whatever they can to minimize the time spent with the officer. Because of the imbalance of power between citizen and officer, when a law enforcement officer makes a strongly worded request, most people consent without realizing that they are giving up constitutional protections against improper meddling by the State in the private affairs of citizens.

A common situation is that of the traffic stop. A person is pulled over for a real or perceived vehicle violation and, after checking the driver's license and registration, the officer asks the driver if they have any weapons or illegal drugs in their car. When the citizen answers "no", the police officer asks (in the strongest language he can without demanding) to check that for himself. "Then you wouldn't mind if I took a look in your trunk." or "Why don't you step out of your car." Most people acquiesce to the 'requests' because they don't realize they have the right to say no.



WHY YOU HAVE TO SAY "NO" CLEARLY

The Federal Supreme Court has ruled that as long as the police do not force an individual to do something, the individual is acting voluntarily, even if a normal person would feel very intimidated and would not reasonably feel they could say no. (see Florida v. Bostick, 1991) If you do what a policeman tells you to do before you are arrested, you are 'voluntarily' complying with their 'requests'.

Unfortunately police will often try to push citizens to accept a search, to the point of ignoring when you say "no". Its important to say very clearly "I do not consent to a warrantless search." Or "This is a private event/home/place, you may not enter without a warrant." Don't simply answer questions about searches with a simple "yes" or "no". See this case where drug police asked a confusing question and claimed they misunderstand the answer "yes" to mean they could search (October 24, 2000. Gregg County CODE officers, defendant Dockens, judge Steger, federal court, east district Texas).

Until you say "No, I don't think I'd like to do that." you are cooperating as a peer with the law enforcement officer who is trying to make the world safer. When you say "no" to a request by a police officer, you are asserting your lawful rights as a private citizen. If the officer demands you comply, then in most cases you have little choice. Usually, however, the officer is likely to try to convince you to comply voluntarily. Until and unless you say "no" and stick to it, the police don't even need any real authority to tell you what to do.



WHAT A POLICEMAN CAN MAKE YOU DO

What a Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) can demand of a citizen depends heavily on the context of the order. Most generally, police are allowed by the courts to act as any reasonable private citizen would. They may ask questions, look through windows that they happen to be near, walk or drive in public areas, etc. Without a warrant or any suspicion of illegal activity, they are allowed to interact with other citizens, but they have a limited amount of authority to demand compliance, search, or detain people or things.

In highly volatile or dangerous situations, a LEO's authority to require compliance is much higher than in non-threatening contexts. The Supreme Court has ruled (with Terry v. Ohio being one of the primary cases) that the police are allowed to protect themselves from potentially dangerous people or situations. Under the umbrella of "concern for safety" or "search for weapons" the police have wide lattitude to do what they want and to order citizens to comply with their demands.

The Terry v. Ohio case created the "weapons search", "terry search", or "terry pat" exception to the 4th Amendment 'probable cause requirement' for searches. The court ruled that if a police officer "[has] reasonable cause to believe that [someone] might be armed" they can require they submit to a quick patdown. What this has meant is that it is now standard practice to pat down anyone that a LEO wants to, without the need for arrest, probable cause, or even suspicion of a crime.

Many police use weapons pats as a way to intimidate and harass citizens, since it is a power the courts have allowed them to use with little justification. Often a LEO will find something during their patdown which is clearly not a weapon which they would like to see, but this is beyond their Court-approved authority ( see below ).

Also under the 'concern for safety' umbrella, police are given wide latitude by courts to ask individuals to comply with simple non-intrusive commands such as "stand over there" or "wait here for a moment", but the line between order and request becomes very fuzzy when an officer starts telling people where to go unless the situation is volatile / dangerous. There are many stories of two (or more) individuals confronted by police ( one example ) whom the police intentionally separate to try to intimidate or to compare stories. This is generally a 'fishing' maneuver which would not fall under the 'concern for safety' umbrella. ( see below )

During a stop for a traffic violation, police have the power to demand a proper driver's license and other state-required documentation (registration, insurance). In most [ed-all?] states they also have the power to demand sobriety tests [ed - do they need reasonable suspicion of intoxication ?]. The courts have also given police the power to frisk a driver based on the Terry v. Ohio decision (the police should have some reason to think there is danger) and some decisions have even allowed an officer (with no suspicion or cause) to search the area around the driver's seat. [ed-citation for this?]

When a private, law abiding citizen encounters police, the amount of intrusion a Law Enforcement Officer is allowed to demand is limited. Some areas have laws against "disobeying a police officer" or "obstructing an officer from their duties", but the bounds of what officers can reasonably require someone not suspected of any other criminal activity in a peaceful situation have not been clearly drawn by the courts. If someone interferes with a police officer engaged in an arrest or investigation, police tend to have very little patience and will quickly threaten or affect detainment or arrest. Generally, courts give police wide latitude in executing their duties and disobeying a "reasonable" direct order from an officer could be prosecuted in most jurisdictions.

As an encounter proceeds, the police gather data that they can use to formulate 'reasonable, articulable suspicion' or (stronger) 'probable cause' that the individual has contraband or is involved in a crime. As the level of suspicion rises, so does the LEO's authority to intrude into a person's affairs. Once the level rises to 'probable cause' to believe that there is contraband in a vehicle, the Supreme Court has made some very disturbing decisions allowing the police broad power to search in certain cases, including the power to search closed containers without a warrant. (see United States v. Ross, 456 U.S. 798 (1982) )

In a recent decision (Wyoming v. Houghton, April 1999), the Supreme Court ruled that even passengers' belongings, if left in the car, may be searched thoroughly if the driver is suspected of a crime.

In most states, you are not required to identify yourself or show the police your ID (unless you are in a vehicle). We have been unable to confirm that in Nevada that police try to charge people with obstruction of justice for people who refuse to identify themselves to police. However, if you choose to identify yourself, you are required to tell the truth. It is a crime to lie to federal police agents and it is a crime to give false identification to police in many areas [ed- find a cite for this?].

The Supreme Court has said: "A brief stop of a suspicious individual, in order to determine his identity or to maintain the status quo momentarily while obtaining more information, may be most reasonable in light of the facts known to the officer at the time." Adams v. Williams, 407 U.S. 143, 146 (1972).

If you want to avoid long and unpleasant interactions with police, do not give them any reasons to suspect you of criminal activity. Courteously decline to participate in 'fishing expiditions' or any other actions you do not wish to perform.

Police may search you 'incident to arrest': after or while arresting someone, police are allowed to search the body of the person being arrested. Recent decisions by the Supreme Court have also allowed the police to do exhaustive searches of any vehicle the arrestee was in and any containers therein. The Supreme Court held "that the police may examine the contents of any open or closed container found within the passenger compartment, 'for if the passenger compartment is within the reach of the arrestee, so will containers in it be within his reach.'" 453 U.S., at 460 (footnote omitted). See also Michigan v. Summers, 452 U.S. 692, 702 (1981).

In Pennsylvania v. Mimms, 434 U.S. 106 (1977), the Supreme Court "held that police Officers may order persons out of [463 U.S. 1032, 1048] an automobile during a stop for a traffic violation, and may frisk those persons for weapons if there is a reasonable belief that they are armed and dangerous."



WHAT A POLICEMAN CAN NOT MAKE YOU DO

* Police are not allowed to frisk for anything except weapons. If, during a weapons pat, an officer discovers something 'suspicious' you don't have to show it to them.

Although the police have been given a lot of leeway to 'check for weapons', the Supreme Court has ruled (in the key decision Minnesota v Dickerson, 1993) that a weapons search may not be used as a pretext for a more general search. In Minnesota v Dickerson, a man was stopped coming out of a 'notorious crack house' and was patted down in a 'Terry Stop'. The officer noticed something in the man's pocket which he said 'felt to be a lump of crack cocaine in cellophane'. He reached in the defendant's pocket and found some crack-cocaine. The Supreme Court ruled that in order to determine whether the item was crack or not required a further, unwarranted search was necessary which was not acceptable by 4th Amendment standards.

* Police are not allowed to search everyone (see Ybarra v. Illinois, 444 U.S. 85 (1979). In Ybarra v. Illinois, a man was patted down in a bar where the police were arresting a bar owner for selling heroin. An officer identified "a cigarette pack with objects in it" in the man's pocket during the pat down and decided to search Ybarra. The High Court ruled that the officer overstepped his authority by searching everyone in the bar, even though they had a warrant to arrest the bartender and search the bar for evidence of drug sales.

A common situation where police attempt to search many individuals without probable cause is a raided party. Sometimes police tell people to 'empty your pockets' or they pat everyone down as they are leaving or they target a few people based on appearance for a full blown search. Most raids on parties are done without a judge-issued warrant and are based on noise complaints, city ordainances about event sizes, etc. In these cases, most searches will be citizens 'voluntarily' complying with requests except in the case of violence, extreme intoxication, or obvious criminal activity. Be polite and considerate of the difficult job the LEO's have, but do not consent to any warrantless search and do not offer information to the police regarding any criminal activity they suspect you of.


HOW TO SAY NO

So, when a policeman says "Empty your pockets for me?" or "Why don't you step over here for a moment?" What does a reasonable, law abiding citizen say if s/he doesn't want to? Unfortunately there may be no simple answer to this. Because of the nature of most police-citizen interactions, tensions can be high and LEO's may interpret any dissent as hostility or 'suspicious behaviour'.

1. Stay Calm. Speak calmly and slowly and don't be surprised if the officer becomes irritated, angry, or beligerent. Move slowly.
2. Ask Questions. One way to Say No is to ask questions in return: "Is that a request or an order?" "Am I under arrest?" "Am I free to go?" "Why do you want me to *whatever*?" "Am I a suspect in a crime?"
3. Say No. Another way to Say No is to very clearly say no: "No, I would like to leave." "No, I do not consent to any warrantless searches." "You do not have my permission to search me / my car / my belongings."
4. Defuse Tensions. Do everything you can to defuse the tensions and seem peaceful. If an LEO thinks you might be dangerous, the courts have ruled that they have a greater authority to force you to comply.
5. Do not Resist. Do not Argue with a Cop. Do not Touch a cop. Don't Run. Don't complain or threaten an officer legally.
6. Comply when Required. Knowing when you are required to comply can be difficult (see What You Must Do and What You Don't Have to Do ) The moment an LEO pulls a gun, do what they say. If they make you do something through force, your Constitutional Rights are not as important as staying healthy and alive. You can challenge the arrest in court if your rights are violated.
7. Give the Cop a Break. Remember that police have a very difficult job to do and most cops are doing their best to try to keep their communities safe. When it comes to dealing with unusual or strange individuals or confronting drug issues, officers (and many people in the world) make some bad snap judgements. But most cops think of themselves as the Good Guys, so try to let em know you're on their side.
8. Ask for a Lawyer. As soon as its clear you will be arrested, ask for a lawyer and then keep quiet. Police will try to get you to talk. Don't.



CAN SAYING NO GET ME IN MORE TROUBLE?

The short answer to this is, of course, yes and no. A lot is dependent on your rapport with the individual officer(s). Saying No to a police officer should be done gently to avoid enraging them so you don't get beaten up. Saying No to a warrantless search may cause a police officer to harass you further to try to get you to comply. Saying No, however, is always the best idea when it gets to the point of arrest and prosecution. It is never in your interest to cooperate with the police in helping them collect evidence against you. If you do say No and a policeman searches anyway, evidence can sometimes be suppressed (thrown out). If you agree to a search, you have no grounds to dispute the evidence.

It is common to have an officer 'ask' forcefully first and if the suspect gives any indication of saying No, they threaten to arrest them and take them to the station. They say things like "if you don't open your trunk/pocket/whatever for me, I can arrest you and we can open it up down at the station". Often officers will imply that if the suspect cooperates, the cop will go easier on them. While it is true that a police officer controls whether you are arrested or not, very few police officers will overlook anything illegal they find in a search (including very small amounts of cannabis).

WARPATH
07-08-2009, 03:20 AM
Biology Notes
Respiratory System
Inspiration- inhalation of air- rib cage moves up and out, diaphragm contracts and moves down- pressure in lungs decreases and air comes it
expiration- exhalation of air into the lungs- rib cage moves down and in, diaphragm relaxes and moves up- pressure in lungs increases and air is pushed out
Ventilation- breathing encompasses both inspiration and expiration
Respiratory Tract-
hair lining the nose, cilia, and mucus- clean the air warm and moisten it.
As hair leaves the body It picks up it’s moisture and that causes you nose to drip- in the cold it condenses which is why you can see your breath.
The nose- nasal cavities- narrow canals separated from one another by a septum composed of bone and cartilage
1. ciliated cells - act as odor receptors. Nerves lead to the brain where impulses are interpreted as smell
The Pharynx-the throat- funnel passageway that connects nasal and oral cavities to the larynx.
1. nasopharynx- nasal cavities open above the soft palate
2. Oropharynx- the oral cavity opens
3. Laryngopharynx- opens into the larynx
Tonsils- form a protect ring at the junction of the oral cavity and pharynx- contain lymphocytes that protect against invasion of foreign antigens that are inhaled.
Pharynx- air and food ways cross because it’s ventral with the esophagus.
Larynx- cartilaginous structure that serves as a passage for air between the pharynx and the trachea
Trachea- wind pipe- to connecting the larynx to the parimar bronchi. Its walls are made smooth- connective tissue with c- shaped cartilage rings.......................kind of like the tubes they give us for treatments and inhalers.
The bronchial tree-
Bronchus or bronchi(plural)-The trachea breaks into left and right tubes witch lead to the lungs the bronchi branch into a lots of secondary bronchi that lead to bronchioles. These lead to air sacs called alveoli(alveolus–singular)
Lungs- paired cone-shaped organs that occupy the thoracic cavity- the thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominal cavity by a muscle called the diaphragm. Each lung is enclosed by pleura- a double layer of serous membranes that produces serous fluid.
Alveoli- oxygen diffuses across the laveolar wall and enters the bloodstream
Surfactant- a film of lipoprotein that lowers the surface tension and prevents them from closing- lungs collapse if you don’t have this film





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Urinary System
Functions of Piss
1. Excretion of metabolic wastes-The kidneys excrete metabolic wastes- urea is a byproduct of amino acid metabolism
2. Maintenance of Water-salt and balance-kidneys maintain water salt balance in the blood.
3. Maintenance of Acid-Base Balance- The kidneys regulate acid/base balance in the blood. Ph should remain around 7.4-
Secretion of Hormones- kidneys assist the endocrine system in hormone secretion
Kidneys- paired organs located near the small of the back. Been shaped reddish brown in color.
Ureters conduct urine from the kidneys to the bladder- small tubes.
Urinary bladder- stores piss until it’s pissed. Three opening two for the ureters and one for the urethra. Urethra- small tube that extends from the urinary bladder to an external opening- used to piss- longer in men because is goes through your dick and carries sperm to boot................ladies piss tube is not connected to their reproductive organs.
Pissing- Urination- micturition..........sensory nerves send message to the brain to pee- muscle relax and piss flow....................adults and older children have control of this function
Kidney structure
Renal cortex- outer layer that dips down in between a radially striated inner layer called the renal medulla- consists of cone shaped tissue masses called renal pyramids........Renal Pelvis is the cavity continuous with the ureter. Nephrons- produce urine- flows into collecting ducts neprhons are in the medulla renal pyramids..........................



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Skeletal System
Bone-
osteoblasts- bone forming cell
oseocytes- mature bone cell from osteoblasts
osteoclasts- bone absorbing cells
Bones are strong because they’re made of mineral salts, calcium phosphate, and protein fibers
1. Compact bone- highly organized and composed of tube units called osteons. In a cross section bone cells called osteocytes lie in lacunae- which are tiny chambers arranged in concentric circles around a central canal. Osteocytes nearest the center of an osteon exchange nutrients and wastes and blood vessels in the central canal
2. Spongy Bone- has an unorganized appearance- it contains numerous this plates separated by unequal spaces. Built for strength like braces in a building...........the spaces of spongy bone are filled with red bone marrow- a tissue that produces blood cells.
Cartilage- more flexible gel-like and contains many collagenous and elastic fibers. No nerves, used for joints and is slow to heal. Cells called Chondorcytes- lie within lacunae that irregularly grouped
1. Hyalin cartilage- firm somewhat flexible- at the ends of long bones, nose and ends of ribs, in the larynx and trachea
2. Fibrocartilage- stronger then Hyaline- withstand tension and pressure, found where support is of prime importance- discs between the vertebrae and knee
3. Elastic cartilage- more flexible...........found in ear flaps and epiglottis
Fibrous connective tissue-contains rows of cells called fibroblasts separated by collgenous fibers- this tissue makes up the ligaments that connect bone to bone and the tendons that connect muscles to a bone at joints


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Muscular System
Types of muscles
1. Smooth muscle- fibers are spindle shaped cells, each with a single nucleus. Smooth muscle is located in the walls of hollow internal organs and it causes these walls to contract. smooth muscle is involuntary.
2. Cardiac muscle- heart wall- fibers are uninucleated, striated, tubular, and branched which allows the biers to interlock at intercalated disks. Contraction is involuntary
3. Skeletal muscle- fibers are tubular, multi nucleated, and striated........they are the muscles attached to the skeleton. You can control these muscles
Function of skeletal muscles
1. Skeletal muscles support the body
2. Skeletal muscles help maintain a constant body temperature- ATP break down in the muscles heat the body
3. Skeletal muscles contraction assists movement in cardiovascular and lymphatic vessels- keeps the blood moving
4. Skeletal muscles protect internal organs and stabilize joints.- they have tendons that help hold bones together at joints.
Muscles work in pairs opposite of each other. The origin of a muscle isn on a stationery bone, and the insertion of a muscle is on a bone that moves.
A muscle fiber has many myofibrils. The sarcomere of a myofibril contain myosin and actin filaments, whole arrangement gives rise to the striation characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs when sarcomeres shorten and actin filaments slide past myosin filaments.
Fermentation- supplies ATP without consuming oxygen.- when you all out of breath and shit, muscle can you fat, glycogen to make ATP.
Cellular Respiration- complete in the mitochondria provides most of the muscles ATP-
Nervous System-
Central Nervous system(CNS)- brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)- nerves
Neuron Structure-
Neurons- cells that transmit nerve impulses between parts of the nervous system
Neuroglia- support and nourish neurons
Sensory neuron- takes messages from receptor to CNS
Sensor Receptors- detect environment changes
Neurons have 3 parts
1. Cell body- contains nucleus and organelles
2. Dendrites- are the many short extensions that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons.
3. Axon- the portion of a neuron that conducts nerve impulses. Also called nerve fiber
Myelin sheath- covers axon, myelin is a lipid serves as a passage way from growth if the nerve is cut.



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Spinal chord- communication line between the brain and the peripheral nerves that leave the chord.



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The Brain
Cerebrum- largest part of the brain- last center to receive sensory input- carries out higher thought processes required for learning and memory and for language and speech. Split into two cerebral hemispheres
The cerebral cortex- thin but highly convoluted outer layer of gray matter that comers the cerebral hemispheres. Accounts for sensation, voluntary movement and the thought processes we associate with consciousness
Cerebellum- receives input from eyes, ears, joints and muscles about present position of body parts and receives motor output from the cerebral cortex about these parts should be located. Maintains posture and balance.
Brainstem- contains midbrain, the pons and the medulla oblongata
1.Midbrain acts as a relay station for tracts passing between the cerebrum and the spinal cord or cerebellum- ti has reflex centers for visual auditory and tactile responses
2. Pons means bridge- contains bundles of axons between the cerebellum and rest of the CNS. Regulates breathing rate and head movement reflex.
3. Medulla oblongata- regulates heartbeat, breathing and blood pressure. Also reflex’s for vomiting , coughing , sneezing, hiccuping, and swallowing.



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Autonomic system- regulates the activity of cardiac and smooth muscles and glands.- the involuntary nerves.
Sympathetic- shuts shit down for survival like when your running from the pigs. Starts the Emergency procedures, like adrenaline
Parasympathetic- relaxes shit when it’s kick back time



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Senses
Exteroceptors- senses shit outside the body
Interoceptors- senses shit within like blood pressure, blood ph
Chemoreceptors- respond to chemical substances.....used for taste and smell
Pain receptor- a chemoreceptor - chemicals released from damaged tissue
Photoreceptor- respond to light energy- eyes
Mechanoreceptors- respond to pressure- balance is from a response fluid pressure
Thermoreceptor- respond to temperature-
Sensation- impulses arrive at the cerebral cortex
Perception- interprets the meaning of sensations
Taste/Smell
Taste buds- embedded in the tongue- they take a weighted average of the different tastes and send it to the brain
Olfactory cells- used for the sense of smell-
Vision
Eye
sclera- outer layer of the eye
cornea- window of the eye
choroid- middle layer- towards the front it becomes the iris-regulates the size of the pupil- hole in the center of the iris where light enters the eyeball
Aqueous Humor- clear fluid in the anterior compartment
ciliary body- has the ciliary muscle with controls the shape of the lens for near and far vision
Rod cells- photoreceptors- more cells, better resolution, for seeing black and white- good for night vision
Cone cells- photoreceptors- detects color and bright light- allows detection of fine detail-
Nearsighted- people can see shit up close but no far away
Farsighted- people can see shit far away, but they can’t read a book for shit.


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Hearing-
Ear has 3 divisions
1. Outer ear- consists of the pinna(your frybread) and auditory canal- modified with hair and sweat glands to make ear wax to protect your shit-

2. Middle ear- openings called the oval window and round window- has three small bones- ossicles........................malleus(hammer), incus(anvil), stapes(stirrup)
Auditory tube(eustachian tube)o- that’s that shit that pops when you on a plane- permits equalization of pressure
3. Inner ear- Filled with fluid- Semicircular canals and the vestibule- for equilibrium- the cochlea(snail)- for hearing

Basically noise makes the middle ear bones shake- sends vibration to the inner ear- the fluid shakes tectorial membrane(little hairs) it up to the brain via the cochlear nerve where it’s interpreted as sound-

Fatal Guillotine
06-05-2011, 07:08 PM
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