The planned, but never executed, 1962 Operation Northwoods
plot by the U.S. Department of Defense
for a war with Cuba
involved scenarios such as fabricating the hijacking or shooting down of passenger and military planes, sinking a U.S. ship in the vicinity of Cuba, burning crops, sinking a boat filled with Cuban refugees, attacks by alleged Cuban infiltrators inside the United States, and harassment of U.S. aircraft and shipping and the destruction of aerial drones by aircraft disguised as Cuban MiGs.
These actions would be blamed on Cuba, and would be a pretext for an invasion of Cuba and the overthrow of Fidel Castro
's communist government. It was authored by the Joint Chiefs of Staff
, but then rejected by President John F. Kennedy
. The surprise discovery of the documents relating to Operation Northwoods was a result of the comprehensive search for records related to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy by the Assassination Records Review Board in the mid-1990s.
Information about Operation Northwoods was later publicized by James Bamford
"We never invisioned that scenario could occur."