i was thinking something like this but wanted to go into the nature and intention of the charge -
"Neither. That's why it's called a neutron - it's neutrally charged. It is said to have a charge of zero.
You may not be able to get a physicist to admit that a proton (which has a +1 charge) added to an electron (which has a -1 charge) will make a neutron, but you can smash a neutron and get a proton and an electron out of the reaction.
It consists of two down quarks and one up quark and it is the heaviest particle in the atom, slightly heavier than the proton.
The charge on an up quark is + 2/3. The charge on a down quark is -1/3.
When you add the charges of the quarks inside a neutron you have:
+2/3 - ((1/3) * 2) = 0
Therefore a neutron has zero charge.The charges might be said to "add" and "cancel" to give the neutron a negative charge. "