Topping Bush's strategy:
_$1.2 billion to stockpile enough vaccine against the current H5N1 flu strain to protect 20 million Americans, the estimated number of health workers and other first-responders involved in a pandemic.
_$1 billion for the drugs Tamiflu and Relenza, which can treat and, in some cases, prevent flu infection. Enough to treat 44 million people and prevent infection in 6 million others is headed for the federal stockpile. States were told to buy 31 million treatment courses, but Bush is funding only a quarter of the states' anticipated bill.
_$2.8 billion to speed production of pandemic vaccines — including better-matched strains — by learning to manufacture them in easier-to-handle cell cultures, instead of today's slow method that relies on millions of chicken eggs.
_$251 million for international preparations, including improving early-warning systems to spot human infections with novel flu strains.
_$100 million for state preparations, including determining how to deliver stockpiled medicines directly to patients.
_$56 million to test poultry and wild birds for H5N1 or other novel flu strains entering the U.S. bird population.
_A call for Congress to provide liability protection for makers of a pandemic vaccine, which unlike shots against the regular winter flu would be experimental, largely untested.